what do you mean by managerial remuneration? What are the provision for increase in Managerial Remuneration?
MANAGERIAL REMUNERATION IN CASE OF PROFIT MAKING COMPANY:- (i)Maximum remuneration to all directors(Executive+Non-Executive) shall not exceed 11%. (ii) Maximum remuneration to all executive directors( Managing directors,wholetime directors,manager) can't exceed 10%, individual maximum lit being 5%. (iii) Maximum remuneration to all non executive directors eg.part time directors can't exceed 3% when there is no executive directors and it can't exceed 1% when there is even a single executive director. (iv) All the above % are applied on net profit computed u/s 198 as shown below:- PROFIT before tax & Managerial remuneration:- XXX
**Remuneration payable by companies having profits:** Subject to the provisions of section 197, a company having profits in a financial year may pay remuneration to a managerial person or persons not exceeding the limits specified in such section. **Remuneration payable by companies having no profit or inadequate profit** **without Central Government approval**: Where in any financial year during the currency of tenure of a managerial person, a company has no profits or its profits are inadequate, it may, without Central Government approval, pay remuneration to the managerial person not exceeding the higher of the limits under (A) and (B) given below:— (A):Where the effective capital is Limit of yearly remuneration payable shall not exceed (Rupees) (i) Negative or less than 5 crores 30 lakhs (ii) 5 crores and above but less than 100 crores 42 lakhs (iii) 100 crores and above but less than 250 crores 60 lakhs (iv) 250 crores and above 60 lakhs plus 0.01% of the effective capital in excess of Rs. 250 crores: Provided that the above limits shall be doubled if the resolution passed by the shareholders is a special resolution. **Explanation.—**It is hereby clarified that for a period less than one year, the limits shall be pro-rated. (B) In the case of a managerial person who was not a security holder holding securities of the company of nominal value of rupees five lakh or more or an employee or a director of the company or not related to any director or promoter at any time during the two years prior to his appointment as a managerial person, — 2.5% of the current relevant profit: Provided that if the resolution passed by the shareholders is a special resolution, this limit shall be doubled: Provided further that the limits specified under this section shall apply, if— (i) payment of remuneration is approved by a resolution passed by the Board and, in the case of a company covered under sub-section (1) of section 178 also by the Nomination and Remuneration Committee; (ii) the company has not made any default in repayment of any of its debts (including public deposits) or debentures or interest payable thereon for a continuous period of thirty days in the preceding financial year before the date of appointment of such managerial person; (iii) a special resolution has been passed at the general meeting of the company for payment of remuneration for a period not exceeding three years; (iv) a statement along with a notice calling the general meeting referred to in clause (iii) is given to the shareholders containing the following information, namely:— I. **General Information:** (1) Nature of industry (2) Date or expected date of commencement of commercial production (3) In case of new companies, expected date of commencement of activities as per project approved by financial institutions appearing in the prospectus (4) Financial performance based on given indicators (5) Foreign investments or collaborations, if any. II. **Information about the appointee:** (1) Background details (2) Past remuneration (3) Recognition or awards (4) Job profile and his suitability (5) Remuneration proposed (6) Comparative remuneration profile with respect to industry, size of the company, profile of the position and person (in case of expatriates the relevant details would be with respect to the country of his origin) (7) Pecuniary relationship directly or indirectly with the company, or relationship with the managerial personnel, if any. III. **Other information:** (1) Reasons of loss or inadequate profits (2) Steps taken or proposed to be taken for improvement (3) Expected increase in productivity and profits in measurable terms. IV. **Disclosures:** The following disclosures shall be mentioned in the Board of Director’s report under the heading “Corporate Governance”, if any, attached to the financial statement:— (i) all elements of remuneration package such as salary, benefits, bonuses, stock options, pension, etc., of all the directors; (ii) details of fixed component and performance linked incentives along with the performance criteria; (iii) service contracts, notice period, severance fees; (iv) stock option details, if any, and whether the same has been issued at a discount as well as the period over which accrued and over which exercisable. Section III.— Remuneration payable by companies having no profit or inadequate profit without Central Government approval in certain special circumstances: In the following circumstances a company may, without the Central Government approval, pay remuneration to a managerial person in excess of the amounts provided in **Section II above:—** (a) where the remuneration in excess of the limits specified in Section I or II is paid by any other company and that other company is either a foreign company or has got the approval of its shareholders in general meeting to make such payment, and treats this amount as managerial remuneration for the purpose of section 197 and the total managerial remuneration payable by such other company to its managerial persons including such amount or amounts is within permissible limits under section 197. (b) where the company— (i) is a newly incorporated company, for a period of seven years from the date of its incorporation, or (ii) is a sick company, for whom a scheme of revival or rehabilitation has been ordered by the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction or National Company Law Tribunal, for a period of five years from the date of sanction of scheme of revival, it may pay remuneration up to two times the amount permissible under Section II. (c) where remuneration of a managerial person exceeds the limits in Section II but the remuneration has been fixed by the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction or the National Company Law Tribunal: Provided that the limits under this Section shall be applicable subject to meeting all the conditions specified under Section II and the following additional conditions:— (i) except as provided in para (a) of this Section, the managerial person is not receiving remuneration from any other company; (ii) the auditor or Company Secretary of the company or where the company has not appointed a Secretary, a Secretary in whole-time practice, certifies that all secured creditors and term lenders have stated in writing that they have no objection for the appointment of the managerial person as well as the quantum of remuneration and such certificate is filed along with the return as prescribed under sub-section (4) of section 196. (iii) the auditor or Company Secretary or where the company has not appointed a secretary, a secretary in whole-time practice certifies that there is no default on payments to any creditors, and all dues to deposit holders are being settled on time. (d) a company in a Special Economic Zone as notified by Department of Commerce from time to time which has not raised any money by public issue of shares or debentures in India, and has not made any default in India in repayment of any of its debts (including public deposits) or debentures or interest payable thereon for a continuous period of thirty days in any financial year, may pay remuneration up to Rs. 2,40,00,000 per annum. Section IV.— **Perquisites not included in managerial remuneration:** 1. A managerial person shall be eligible for the following perquisites which shall not be included in the computation of the ceiling on remuneration specified in Section II and Section III:— (a) contribution to provident fund, superannuation fund or annuity fund to the extent these either singly or put together are not taxable under the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961); (b) gratuity payable at a rate not exceeding half a month’s salary for each completed year of service; and (c) encashment of leave at the end of the tenure. 2. In addition to the perquisites specified in paragraph 1 of this section, an expatriate managerial person (including a non-resident Indian) shall be eligible to the following perquisites which shall not be included in the computation of the ceiling on remuneration specified in Section II or Section III— (a) Children’s education allowance: In case of children studying in or outside India, an allowance limited to a maximum of Rs. 12,000 per month per child or actual expenses incurred, whichever is less. Such allowance is admissible up to a maximum of two children. (b) Holiday passage for children studying outside India or family staying abroad: Return holiday passage once in a year by economy class or once in two years by first class to children and to the members of the family from the place of their study or stay abroad to India if they are not residing in India, with the managerial person. (c) Leave travel concession: Return passage for self and family in accordance with the rules specified by the company where it is proposed that the leave be spent in home country instead of anywhere in India. Explanation I.— For the purposes of Section II of this Part, “effective capital” means the aggregate of the paid-up share capital (excluding share application money or advances against shares); amount, if any, for the time being standing to the credit of share premium account; reserves and surplus (excluding revaluation reserve); long-term loans and deposits repayable after one year (excluding working capital loans, over drafts, interest due on loans unless funded, bank guarantee, etc., and other short-term arrangements) as reduced by the aggregate of any investments (except in case of investment by an investment company whose principal business is acquisition of shares, stock, debentures or other securities), accumulated losses and preliminary expenses not written off. Explanation II.— (a) Where the appointment of the managerial person is made in the year in which company has been incorporated, the effective capital shall be calculated as on the date of such appointment; (b) In any other case the effective capital shall be calculated as on the last date of the financial year preceding the financial year in which the appointment of the managerial person is made. Explanation III.— For the purposes of this Schedule, ‘‘family’’ means the spouse, dependent children and dependent parents of the managerial person. Explanation IV.— The Nomination and Remuneration Committee while approving the remuneration under Section II or Section III, shall— (a) take into account, financial position of the company, trend in the industry, appointee’s qualification, experience, past performance, past remuneration, etc.; (b) be in a position to bring about objectivity in determining the remuneration package while striking a balance between the interest of the company and the shareholders. Explanation V.— For the purposes of this Schedule, “negative effective capital” means the effective capital which is calculated in accordance with the provisions contained in Explanation I of this Part is less than zero. Explanation VI.— For the purposes of this Schedule:— (A) “current relevant profit” means the profit as calculated under section 198 but without deducting the excess of expenditure over income referred to in sub-section 4 (l) thereof in respect of those years during which the managerial person was not an employee, director or shareholder of the company or its holding or subsidiary companies. (B) “Remuneration” means remuneration as defined in clause (78) of section 2 and includes reimbursement of any direct taxes to the managerial person. Section V. —Remuneration payable to a managerial person in two companies: Subject to the provisions of sections I to IV, a managerial person shall draw remuneration from one or both companies, provided that the total remuneration drawn from the companies does not exceed the higher maximum limit admissible from any one of the companies of which he is a managerial person. PART III Provisions applicable to Parts I and II of this Schedule 1. The appointment and remuneration referred to in Part I and Part II of this Schedule shall be subject to approval by a resolution of the shareholders in general meeting. 2. The auditor or the Secretary of the company or where the company is not required to appointed a Secretary, a Secretary in whole-time practice shall certify that the requirement of this Schedule have been complied with and such certificate shall be incorporated in the return filed with the Registrar under sub-section (4) of section 196. PART IV The Central Government may, by notification, exempt any class or classes of companies from any of the requirements contained in this Schedule.
Section 198 lays down the ceiling of total managerial remuneration payable by a company to its managerial personnel at 11% (eleven percent) of the net profits of the financial year before charging such remuneration. Remuneration payable to part time directors shall not exceed 1% (one percent) of such profits. Where a company does not have a MD, WTD or a manager, overall remuneration payable to part time directors shall not exceed 3% (three percent) of such net profits