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# TYPES OF SYSTEM:

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Hello 1.Abstract and physical systems An abstract or conceptual system is an orderly arrangement of interdependent ideas or constructs, which may or may not have any counterpart in the real world. On the other hand, physical systems are generally concrete operational systems made up of people, materials, machines, energy and other physical things; Physical systems are more than conceptual constructs. 2.Deterministic and Probabilistic Systems A deterministic system is one in which the occurrence of all events is known with certainty. A probabilistic system is one in which the occurrence of events cannot be perfectly predicted. Though the behavior of such a system can be described in terms of probability, a certain degree of error is always attached to the prediction of the behavior of the system. 3.Open and Closed Systems An open system is one that interacts with its environment and thus exchanges information, material, or energy with the environment, including random and undefined inputs. Open systems are adaptive in nature, as they tend to react with the environment in such a way, so as to favor their continued existence. Such systems are โself organizingโ, in the sense that they change their organisation in response to changing conditions. A closed system is one, which does not interact with its environment. Such systems in business world, are rare, but relatively closed systems are common. Thus, the systems that are relatively isolated from the environment but not completely closed, are termed closed system.

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**Different kinds of system may be understood as** 1.Abstract and physical systems, 2.Deterministic and probabilistic systems, 3.Open and closed systems, and 4.User-machines system.

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Abstract and physical systems An abstract or conceptual system is an orderly arrangement of interdependent ideas or constructs, which may or may not have any counterpart in the real world. On the other hand, physical systems are generally concrete operational systems made up of people, materials, machines, energy and other physical things; Physical systems are more than conceptual constructs.

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Hiiiii friend....... Types of the System are: ------------------------ **1. Conceptual Systems** a. Are theoretical and explanatory in the nature. b. Provide the much needed clarification. c. Provide theoretical framework for which there may or may not be any real life counterpart. d. E.g. of such systems can be philosophy, theology etc. **2. Empirical Systems** a. Are very practical, specific and also very operational in the nature. b. Can be based on the conceptual system. c. Examination system, surgery act as very good examples of the empirical systems. **3. Open Systems** a. Involve continuous interaction with the environment. b. So exchanges the information, material, energy with the environment. c. Is open and also self organizing in the nature. d. Is also adoptive or adaptive to the changing environment as it is flexible. **4. Closed Systems** a. Shuns any kind of the exchange with the environment. b. Is rigid in nature. c. Is not at all amenable to the change. d. Is also self contained. e. Is somewhat isolated in the nature. f. Is having a well defined boundary. g. Is not at all adaptive in the nature. **5. Natural Systems** a. Such Systems exist and also abound in the nature. b. Are also not at all the results of the human endeavors. c. Rivers, mountains, minerals etc. are the major examples of the natural Systems. **6. Artificial Systems** a. Are manufactured (man made). b. Examples of such Systems are dams, canals, roads, machines, factories etc. **7. Probabilistic Systems** a. Based on the predictability of the behavior or the outcome. **8. Deterministic Systems** a. In such Systems, the interaction of the elements is known. b. As the behavior of the elements is pre determined, it becomes possible to work upon the reaction well in the advance. Thanks & Regards,

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Dear Roshni > TYPES OF SYSTEM 1. OPEN SYSTEM: -- Adaptable to changes -- Costly to develop & maintain -- Longer life span than closed system -- Require more maintenance than closed system 2. CLOSED SYSTEM: -- Not adaptable to changes -- Not normally developed for business organizations -- Easy to manage & inexpensive to develop -- Shorter life span than open system 3. DETERMINISTIC SYSTEM: -- Provide exact output -- Account for past data as input 4. PROBABILISTIC SYSTEM: -- Provide expected output -- Take into account data for expected future transactions 5. ABSTRACT SYSTEM: -- Include design & drawings containing set of ideas or planning -- Non-working system, ultimately converted into physical system 6. PHYSICAL SYSTEM: -- Includes all working system -- Contain some physical components Thanks

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