Please provide summary on Ind AS 12 - Income Taxes
Please provide summary on Ind AS 12 - Income Taxes The objective of this Standard is to prescribe the accounting treatment for income taxes. The principal issue in accounting for income taxes is how to account for the current and future tax consequences of: (a) the future recovery (settlement) of the carrying amount of assets (liabilities) that are recognised in an entity’s balance sheet; and (b) transactions and other events of the current period that are recognised in an entity’s financial statements. It is inherent in the recognition of an asset or liability that the reporting entity expects to recover or settle the carrying amount of that asset or liability. If it is probable that recovery or settlement of that carrying amount will make future tax payments larger (smaller) than they would be if such recovery or settlement were to have no tax consequences, this Standard requires an entity to recognise a deferred tax liability (deferred tax asset), with certain limited exceptions.
Dear Friend > Ind AS 12 - Income Taxes Ind AS 12 deals only with taxes on income, comprising current tax and deferred tax. Current tax expense for a period is based on the taxable and deductible amounts to be used for the computation of the taxable income for the current year. An entity recognises a liability in the balance sheet in respect of current tax expense for the current and prior periods to the extent unpaid. It recognises an asset if current tax has been overpaid. Current tax assets and liabilities for the current and prior periods are measured at the amount expected to be paid to (recovered from) the taxation authorities, using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax accounting seeks to deal with this mismatch. It is based on the temporary differences between the tax base of an asset or liability and its carrying amount in the financial statements. For example, if an asset is revalued upwards but not sold, the revaluation creates a temporary difference (if the carrying amount of the asset in the financial statements is greater than the tax base of the asset), and the tax consequence is a deferred tax liability. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realised or the liability is settled based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. The discounting of deferred tax assets and liabilities is not permitted. Current and deferred tax is recognised in profit or loss for the period, unless the tax arises from a business combination or a transaction or event that is recognised outside profit or loss, either in other comprehensive income or directly in equity in the same or different period. The accompanying tax consequences, for example, a change in tax rates or tax laws, a reassessment of the recoverability of deferred tax assets or a change in the expected manner of recovery of an asset are recognised in profit or loss, except to the extent that they relate to the items previously charged or credited outside of profit or loss. Thanks