Hello, The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulator for the securities market in India. It was established in the year 1988 and given statutory powers on 12 April 1992 through the SEBI Act, 1992. > **Composition of SEBI** The SEBI is managed by its members, which consists of following: 1. The chairman who is nominated by Union Government of India. 2. Two members, i.e., Officers from Union Finance Ministry. 3. One member from the Reserve Bank of India. 4. The remaining five members are nominated by Union Government of India, out of them at least three shall be whole-time members. > Headquarter & Other regional offices of SEBI in India SEBI has its headquarters at the business district of Bandra Kurla Complex in Mumbai, and has Northern, Eastern, Southern and Western Regional Offices in New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Ahmedabad respectively. It has opened local offices at Jaipur and Bangalore and is planning to open offices at Guwahati, Bhubaneshwar, Patna, Kochi and Chandigarh in Financial Year 2013 - 2014. > Functions and responsibilities The basic functions of the Securities and Exchange Board of India is **to protect the interests of investors in securities and to promote the development of, and to regulate the securities market and for matters connected there with or incidental there to** **`SEBI has to be responsive to the needs of three groups, which constitute the market:`** • the issuers of securities • the investors • the market intermediaries. **`SEBI has three functions rolled into one body: quasi-legislative, quasi-judicial and quasi-executive.`** • It drafts regulations in its legislative capacity, • it conducts investigation and enforcement action in its executive function and • it passes rulings and orders in its judicial capacity. > Powers For the discharge of its functions efficiently, SEBI has been vested with the following powers: 1. to approve by−laws of stock exchanges SEBI 2. to require the stock exchange to amend their by−laws. 3. inspect the books of accounts and call for periodical returns from recognized stock exchanges. 4. inspect the books of accounts of a financial intermediaries. 5. compel certain companies to list their shares in one or more stock exchanges. 6. registration brokers.
The overall objectives of SEBI are to protect the interest of investors and to promote the development of stock exchange and to regulate the activities of stock market. The Functions & Responbilities are as follows 1. Checking Price Rigging 2. Prohibiting Insider Trading 3. Prohibiting Fradulent & malpractices in trading 4. Promotes training of brokers, intermediaries 5. Promote activities of stock exchanges 6 Regulates takeover for companies 7. Conducts inquiries of stock exchanges
Functions of Board. 11. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, it shall be the duty of the Board to protect the interests of investors in securities and to promote the development of, and to regulate the securities market, by such measures as it thinks fit. (2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions, the measures referred to therein may provide for - (a) regulating the business in stock exchanges and any other securities markets; (b) registering and regulating the working of stock brokers, sub-brokers, share transfer agents, bankers to an issue, trustees of trust deeds, registrars to an issue, merchant bankers, underwriters, portfolio managers, investment advisers and such other intermediaries who may be associated with securities markets in any manner;  [(ba) registering and regulating the working of the depositories,  [participants,] custodians of securities, foreign institutional investors, credit rating agencies and such other intermediaries as the Board may, by notification, specify in this behalf;] (c) registering and regulating the working of  [venture capital funds and collective investment schemes],including mutual funds; (d) promoting and regulating self-regulatory organisations; (e) prohibiting fraudulent and unfair trade practices relating to securities markets; (f) promoting investors' education and training of intermediaries of securities markets; (g) prohibiting insider trading in securities; (h) regulating substantial acquisition of shares and take-over of companies; (i) calling for information from, undertaking inspection, conducting inquiries and audits of the  [ stock exchanges, mutual funds, other persons associated with the securities market] intermediaries and self- regulatory organizations in the securities market;  [“(ia) calling for information and record from any bank or any other authority or board or corporation established or constituted by or under any Central, State or Provincial Act in respect of any transaction in securities which is under investigation or inquiry by the Board;”] (j) performing such functions and exercising such powers under the provisions of  [...]the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956(42 of 1956), as may be delegated to it by the Central Government; (k) levying fees or other charges for carrying out the purposes of this section; (l) conducting research for the above purposes;  [“(la) calling from or furnishing to any such agencies, as may be specified by the Board, such information as may be considered necessary by it for the efficient discharge of its functions;”] (m) performing such other functions as may be prescribed.  [“(2A) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (2), the Board may take measures to undertake inspection of any book, or register, or other document or record of any listed public company or a public company (not being intermediaries referred to in section 12) which intends to get its securities listed on any recognised stock exchange where the Board has reasonable grounds to believe that such company has been indulging in insider trading or fraudulent and unfair trade practices relating to securities market.”]  [(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force while exercising the powers under  [clause (i) or clause (ia) of sub-section (2) or sub-section (2A)], the Board shall have the same powers as are vested in a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908),while trying a suit, in respect of the following matters, namely : (i) the discovery and production of books of account and other documents, at such place and such time as may be specified by the Board; (ii) summoning and enforcing the attendance of persons and examining them on oath; (iii) inspection of any books, registers and other documents of any person referred to in section 12, at any place;]  [(iv) inspection of any book, or register, or other document or record of the company referred to in sub-section (2A); (v) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents.]  [(4) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-sections (1), (2), (2A) and (3) and section 11B, the Board may, by an order, for reasons to be recorded in writing, in the interests of investors or securities market, take any of the following measures, either pending investigation or inquiry or on completion of such investigation or inquiry, namely:- (a) suspend the trading of any security in a recognized stock exchange; (b) restrain persons from accessing the securities market and prohibit any person associated with securities market to buy, sell or deal in securities; (c) suspend any office-bearer of any stock exchange or self- regulatory organization from holding such position; (d)impound and retain the proceeds or securities in respect of any transaction which is under investigation; (e)attach, after passing of an order on an application made for approval by the Judicial Magistrate of the first class having jurisdiction, for a period not exceeding one month, one or more bank account or accounts of any intermediary or any person associated with the securities market in any manner involved in violation of any of the provisions of this Act, or the rules or the regulations made thereunder: Provided that only the bank account or accounts or any transaction entered therein, so far as it relates to the proceeds actually involved in violation of any of the provisions of this Act, or the rules or the regulations made thereunder shall be allowed to be attached; (f)direct any intermediary or any person associated with the securities market in any manner not to dispose of or alienate an asset forming part of any transaction which is under investigation: Provided that the Board may, without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (2) or sub-section (2A), take any of the measures specified in clause (d) or clause (e) or clause (f), in respect of any listed public company or a public company (not being intermediaries referred to in section 12) which intends to get its securities listed on any recognized stock exchange where the Board has reasonable grounds to believe that such company has been indulging in insider trading or fraudulent and unfair trade practices relating to securities market: Provided further that the Board shall, either before or after passing such orders, give an opportunity of hearing to such intermediaries or persons concerned.]  [Board to regulate or prohibit issue of prospectus, offer document or advertisement soliciting money for issue of securities. 11A (1) Without prejudice to the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956(1 of 1956), the Board may, for the protection of investors, - (a) specify, by regulations – (i) the matters relating to issue of capital, transfer of securities and other matters incidental thereto; and (ii) the manner in which such matters shall be disclosed by the companies; (b) by general or special orders – (i) prohibit any company from issuing prospectus, any offer document, or advertisement soliciting money from the public for the issue of securities; (ii)specify the conditions subject to which the prospectus, such offer document or advertisement, if not prohibited, may be issued. (2) Without prejudice to the provisions of section 21 of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956(42 of 1956), the Board may specify the requirements for listing and transfer of securities and other matters incidental thereto."]
Hi Renju M.r The overall objectives of SEBI are to protect the interest of investors and to promote the development of stock exchange and to regulate the activities of stock market. The Functions & Responbilities are as follows 1. Checking Price Rigging 2. Prohibiting Insider Trading 3. Prohibiting Fradulent & malpractices in trading 4. Promotes training of brokers, intermediaries 5. Promote activities of stock exchanges 6 Regulates takeover for companies 7. Conducts inquiries of stock exchanges 8. Registers and regulates working of Mutual Funds