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exposure draft on revised schedule 3 of companies act,2013

Avatar 37a3bd7bc7328f0ead2c0f6f635dddf60615e676e6b4ddf964144012e529de45 Kajal ramani asked almost 3 years ago

Whether advance tax for previous years be treated as current liability under revised schedule 3 of companies act,2013

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Open uri20170510 32134 1uwcnoc?1494421631 Shubhangi Jain answered almost 3 years ago

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARATION OF BALANCE SHEET ----------------------------------------------------- 1. An asset shall be classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:— (a) it is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the company’s normal operating cycle; (b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded; (c) it is expected to be realised within twelve months after the reporting date; or (d) it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date. All other assets shall be classified as non-current. 2. An operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents. Where the normal operating cycle cannot be identified, it is assumed to have a duration of twelve months. 3. A liability shall be classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:— (a) it is expected to be settled in the company’s normal operating cycle; (b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded; (c) it is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting date; or (d) the company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification. All other liabilities shall be classified as non-current. 4. A receivable shall be classified as a “trade receivable” if it is in respect of the amount due on account of goods sold or services rendered in the normal course of business. 5. A payable shall be classified as a “trade payable” if it is in respect of the amount due on account of goods purchased or services received in the normal course of business. 6. A company shall disclose the following in the notes to accounts. **A. Share Capital** For each class of share capital (different classes of preference shares to be treated separately): (a) the number and amount of shares authorised; (b) the number of shares issued, subscribed and fully paid, and subscribed but not fully paid; (c) par value per share; (d) a reconciliation of the number of shares outstanding at the beginning and at the end of the reporting period; (e) the rights, preferences and restrictions attaching to each class of shares including restrictions on the distribution of dividends and the repayment of capital; (f) shares in respect of each class in the company held by its holding company or its ultimate holding company including shares held by or by subsidiaries or associates of the holding company or the ultimate holding company in aggregate; (g) shares in the company held by each shareholder holding more than 5 per cent. shares specifying the number of shares held; (h) shares reserved for issue under options and contracts/commitments for the sale of shares/disinvestment, including the terms and amounts; (i) for the period of five years immediately preceding the date as at which the Balance Sheet is prepared: (A) Aggregate number and class of shares allotted as fully paid-up pursuant to contract(s) without payment being received in cash. (B) Aggregate number and class of shares allotted as fully paid-up by way of bonus shares. (C) Aggregate number and class of shares bought back. (j) terms of any securities convertible into equity/preference shares issued along with the earliest date of conversion in descending order starting from the farthest such date; (k) calls unpaid (showing aggregate value of calls unpaid by directors and officers); (l) forfeited shares (amount originally paid-up). **B. Reserves and Surplus** (i) Reserves and Surplus shall be classified as: (a) Capital Reserves; (b) Capital Redemption Reserve; (c) Securities Premium Reserve; (d) Debenture Redemption Reserve; (e) Revaluation Reserve; (f) Share Options Outstanding Account; (g) Other Reserves–(specify the nature and purpose of each reserve and the amount in respect thereof); (h) Surplus i.e., balance in Statement of Profit and Loss disclosing allocations and appropriations such as dividend, bonus shares and transfer to/ from reserves, etc.; (Additions and deductions since last balance sheet to be shown under each of the specified heads); (ii) A reserve specifically represented by earmarked investments shall be termed as a “fund”. (iii) Debit balance of statement of profit and loss shall be shown as a negative figure under the head “Surplus”. Similarly, the balance of “Reserves and Surplus”, after adjusting negative balance of surplus, if any, shall be shown under the head “Reserves and Surplus” even if the resulting figure is in the negative. **C. Long-Term Borrowings** (i) Long-term borrowings shall be classified as: (a) Bonds/debentures; (b) Term loans: (A) from banks. (B) from other parties. (c) Deferred payment liabilities; (d) Deposits; (e) Loans and advances from related parties; (f) Long term maturities of finance lease obligations; (g) Other loans and advances (specify nature). (ii) Borrowings shall further be sub-classified as secured and unsecured. Nature of security shall be specified separately in each case. (iii) Where loans have been guaranteed by directors or others, the aggregate amount of such loans under each head shall be disclosed. (iv) Bonds/debentures (along with the rate of interest and particulars of redemption or conversion, as the case may be) shall be stated in descending order of maturity or conversion, starting from farthest redemption or conversion date, as the case may be. Where bonds/debentures are redeemable by instalments, the date of maturity for this purpose must be reckoned as the date on which the first instalment becomes due. (v) Particulars of any redeemed bonds/debentures which the company has power to reissue shall be disclosed. (vi) Terms of repayment of term loans and other loans shall be stated. (vii) Period and amount of continuing default as on the balance sheet date in repayment of loans and interest, shall be specified separately in each case. **D. Other Long-term Liabilities** Other Long-term Liabilities shall be classified as: (a) Trade payables; (b) Others. **E. Long-term provisions** The amounts shall be classified as: (a) Provision for employee benefits; (b) Others (specify nature). **F. Short-term borrowings** (i) Short-term borrowings shall be classified as: (a) Loans repayable on demand; (A) from banks. (B) from other parties. (b) Loans and advances from related parties; (c) Deposits; (d) Other loans and advances (specify nature). (ii) Borrowings shall further be sub-classified as secured and unsecured. Nature of security shall be specified separately in each case. (iii) Where loans have been guaranteed by directors or others, the aggregate amount of such loans under each head shall be disclosed. (iv) Period and amount of default as on the balance sheet date in repayment of loans and interest, shall be specified separately in each case. **G. Other current liabilities** The amounts shall be classified as: (a) Current maturities of long-term debt; (b) Current maturities of finance lease obligations; (c) Interest accrued but not due on borrowings; (d) Interest accrued and due on borrowings; (e) Income received in advance; (f) Unpaid dividends; (g) Application money received for allotment of securities and due for refund and interest accrued thereon. Share application money includes advances towards allotment of share capital. The terms and conditions including the number of shares proposed to be issued, the amount of premium, if any, and the period before which shares shall be allotted shall be disclosed. It shall also be disclosed whether the company has sufficient authorised capital to cover the share capital amount resulting from allotment of shares out of such share application money. Further, the period for which the share application money has been pending beyond the period for allotment as mentioned in the document inviting application for shares along with the reason for such share application money being pending shall be disclosed. Share application money not exceeding the issued capital and to the extent not refundable shall be shown under the head Equity and share application money to the extent refundable, i.e., the amount in excess of subscription or in case the requirements of minimum subscription are not met, shall be separately shown under “Óther current liabilities”; (h) Unpaid matured deposits and interest accrued thereon; (i) Unpaid matured debentures and interest accrued thereon; (j) Other payables (specify nature). **H. Short-term provisions** The amounts shall be classified as: (a) Provision for employee benefits. (b) Others (specify nature).

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