Indian companies are allowed to raise capital in the international market through the issue of ADRs/GDRs. They can issue ADRs/GDRs without obtaining prior approval from RBI if it is eligible to issue ADRs/GDRs in terms of the Scheme for Issue of Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds and Ordinary Shares (Through Depository Receipt Mechanism) Scheme, 1993 and subsequent guidelines issued by Ministry of Finance, Government of India. The scheme is operationalised through the Custodians of securities and stockbrokers under SEBI.
1.Lead Manager -The firm should be registered with the appropriate regulatory authority in Europe/ Singapore or Japan. 2.Depository – Is an Overseas Bank authorised by the Issuing Company to Issue the GDRs. 3.Listing Agent - Is a person who is responsible for the listing of the GDRs at any of the recognized Overseas Stock Exchanges. Generally the Depository also acts as the Listing Agent. 4.Custodian - It is the domestic Bank who holds the underlying shares/ Bonds Issued against the GDRs. 5.Indian Legal Counsel - It is a firm that undertakes the Legal and Financial Due Diligence of the Issuing Companies on behalf of the Lead Manager. It also assists the Company in preparation of the Information Memorandum/ offer document for submitting it with the Overseas Stock Exchange.