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Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

Section 68 of the Companies Act, 2013 provides the power of a company to purchase its own securities subject to certain conditions
(1) Sources of funds for buy-back of shares: A company can purchase its own shares or other specified securities. The purchase should be out of:
(i) its free reserves; or
(ii) the securities premium account; or
(iii) the proceeds of the issue of any shares or other specified securities.
However, buy-back of any kind of shares or other specified securities cannot be made out of the proceeds of an earlier issue of the same kind of shares or same kind of other specified securities [Section 68(1)].
“Specified securities” includes employees’ stock option or other securities as may be notified by the Central Government from time to time.
(2) Conditions for buy-back: The company shall not purchase its own shares or other specified securities unless:
(a) the buy-back is authorised by its articles;

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

(b) a special resolution authorising the buy-back is passed in general meeting of the company; (except where— (i) the buy-back is, ten per cent. or less of the total paid-up equity capital and free reserves of the company; and (ii) such buy-back has been authorised by the Board by means of a resolution passed at its meeting;

(c) the buy-back is 25% or less of the aggregate of paid-up capital and free reserves of the company; Provided that the buy-back of equity shares in any financial year shall not exceed 25% of its total paid up equity capital in that financial year.

(d) the ratio of the aggregate debts( secured and unsecured) owed by the company after buy back is not more than twice the paid up capital and its free reserves; Provided that the Central Government may prescribe a higher ratio of the debt to capital and free reserves for a class or classes of companies; The expression “free reserves” for the purposes of this section, includes securities premium account.

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

(e) all the shares or other specified securities for buy-back are fully paid-up;
(f) the buy-back of the shares or other specified securities listed on any recognised stock exchange is in accordance with the regulations made by SEBI in this behalf;
(g) the buy-back in respect of shares or other specified securities other than those specified in Clause (f) is in accordance with rules as may be prescribed. [Sections 68(2)] Provided that no offer of buy-back, shall be made within a period of one year from the date of the closure of the preceding offer of buy-back, if any.
(3) Procedure before buy-back: The notice of the meeting at which special resolution is proposed to be passed shall be accompanied by an explanatory statement stating –
(a) a full and complete disclosure of the all material facts;
(b) the necessity for the buy-back;
(c) the class of shares or securities intended to be purchased under the buy back;
(d) the amount to be invested under the buy-back; and
(e) the time limit for completion of buy-back.[Sections 68(3)]

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

(4) Time limit for completion of buy-back: Every buy-back shall be completed within twelve months from the date of passing the special resolution or a resolution passed by the Board at general meeting authorising the buy-back. .[Sections 68(4)]
(5) Buy-Back from Whom? : The buy-back under Sub-section (1) may be –
(a) from the existing share holders or security holders on a proportionate basis; or
(b) from the open market; or

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

(c) by purchasing the securities issued to employees of the company pursuant to a scheme of stock option or sweat equity. .[Sections 68(5)]
(6) Declaration of Solvency: Where a company has passed a special resolution under clause (b) of Sub-section (2) or the Board has passed a resolution under the first proviso to clause (b) of Sub Section (2) to buy-back its own shares or other securities under this section, it shall, before making such buy-back, file with the Registrar and the Securities and Exchange Board of India a declaration of solvency in the form as may be prescribed and verified by an affidavit to the effect that the Board has made a full inquiry into the affairs of the company as a result of which they have formed an opinion that it is capable of meeting its liabilities and will not be rendered insolvent within a period of one year of the date of declaration adopted by the Board, and signed by at least two directors of the company, one of whom shall be the
managing director, if any; Provided that no declaration of solvency shall be filed with the Securities and Exchange Board of India by a company whose shares are not listed on any recognised stock exchange..[Sections 68(6)]

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

(7) Extinguishment of Securities: Where a company buys-back its own securities other specified securities, it shall extinguish and physically destroy the shares or securities so bought-back within seven days of the last date of completion of buy-back.[Sections 68(7)]
(8) Cooling Period: Where a company completes a buy-back of its shares or other specified securities under this section, it shall not make further issue of same kind of shares (including allotment of further shares under clause (a) of Sub-section (1) of Section 62 or other specified securities within a period of six months except by way of bonus issue or in the discharge of subsisting obligations such as conversion of warrants, stock option schemes, sweat equity or conversion of preference shares or debentures into equity shares. .[Sections 68(8)]

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

(9) Register of Buy Back: Where a company buys-back its shares or other specified securities under this section, it shall maintain a register of the shares or securities so bought, the consideration paid for the shares or securities bought-back, the date of cancellation of shares or securities, the date of extinguishing and physically destroying the shares or securities and such other particulars as may be prescribed. .[Sections 68(9)]
(10) Filing of Buy-back Return: A company shall, after completion of the buy-back under this section, file with the Registrar and the Securities and Exchange Board of India, a return containing such particulars relating to the buy-back within thirty days of such completion, as may be prescribed: Provided that no return shall be filed with the Securities and Exchange Board of India by a company whose shares are not listed on any recognised stock exchange. .[Sections 68(10)]

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

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Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

Whether a Company can BUY-BACK its own Securities

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