Take This Quiz & Predict Your Score in the coming CA CS or CMA Exam!
  • How important it is for you to pass the exam in this attempt?
  • What percentage of course you have finished well so far roughly?
  • How many hours you study in a day?
  • How many times you have revised the topics you have finished
  • Have you taken online or pen drive or live class from a renowned faculty?
  • What percentage of the classes you have watched?
  • Have you attempted mock tests or practice tests yet?
  • Are you planning to attempt mock tests conducted by external bodies- ICAI, ICSI, ICMAI or other institute?
  • How many tests you have taken?
  • Did you manage to finish the test papers on time?
  • Are you strictly following study material provided by the exam conducting authority such as ICAI/ICSI/ICMAI/Other Body?
  • How is your health in general?
  • How is your food habit?
  • Any interest in yoga or exercise or play sports regularly?
  • Planning to sleep well nights before the exams?
  • Planning to have light food and water before exams?





 –Ordinary Directors

Ordinary directors are also referred to as simple directors who attends Board meeting of a company and participate in the matters put before the Board. These directors are neither whole time directors nor managing directors.

–Managing Director

Managing Director is a director who, by virtue of an agreement with the company or of a resolution passed by the company in general meeting or by its Board of directors or, by virtue of its Memorandum or Articles of Association, is entrusted with substantial powers of management which would not otherwise be exercisable by him, and includes a director occupying the position of a managing director, by whatever name called.

–Whole-time/Executive Directors

Whole-time Director or Executive Director includes a director in the whole-time employment of the company.

–Additional Directors

Additional Directors are appointed by the Board between the two annual general meetings subject to the provisions of the Articles of Association of a company. Additional directors shall hold office only up to the date of the next annual general meeting of the company. Number of the directors and additional directors together shall not exceed the maximum strength fixed for the Board by the Articles.

–Alternate Director

An Alternate Director is a person appointed by the Board if so authorised by the Articles or by a resolution passed by the company in the general meeting to act for a director called “the original director” during his absence for a period of not less than three months from the State in which meetings of the Board are ordinarily held. Generally, the alternate directors are appointed for a person who is Non-resident Indian or for foreign collaborators of a company.

–Professional Directors

Any director possessing professional qualifications and do not have any pecuniary interest in the company are called as “Professional Directors”. In big size companies, sometimes the Board appoints professionals of different fields as directors to utilise their expertise in the management of the company.   Nominee Directors The banks and financial institutions which grant financial assistance to a company generally impose a condition as to appointment of their representative on the Board of the concerned company. These nominated persons are called as nominee directors.




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