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Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2

Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2

Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2 : IFRS 2 Share-based Payment requires an entity to recognise share-based payment transactions (such as granted shares, share options, or share appreciation rights) in its financial statements, including transactions with employees or other parties to be settled in cash, other assets, or equity instruments of the entity. Specific requirements are included for equity-settled and cash-settled share-based payment transactions, as well as those where the entity or supplier has a choice of cash or equity instruments.

Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2

Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2 : If the equity instruments granted vest immediately, the counterparty is not required to complete a specified period of service before becoming unconditionally entitled to those equity instruments. In the absence of evidence to the contrary, the entity shall presume that services rendered by the counter party as consideration for the equity instruments have been received. In this case, on grant date the entity shall recognise the services received in full, with a corresponding increase in equity.

If the equity instruments granted do not vest until the counterparty completes a specified period of service, the entity shall presume that the services to be rendered by the counterparty as consideration for those equity instruments will be received in the future, during the vesting period. The entity shall account for those services as they are rendered by the counterparty during the vesting period, with a corresponding increase in equity. For example:

  1. if an employee is granted share options conditional upon completing three years’ service, then the entity shall presume that the services to be rendered by the employee as consideration for the share options will be
    received in the future, over that three-year vesting period.
  2. if an employee is granted share options conditional upon the achievement of a performance condition and remaining in the entity’s employ until that performance condition is satisfied, and the length of the vesting period varies depending on when that performance condition is satisfied, the entity shall presume that the services to be rendered by the employee as consideration for the share options will be received in the future, over the expected vesting period.

The entity shall estimate the length of the expected vesting period at grant date, based on the most likely outcome of the performance condition. If the performance condition is a market condition, the estimate of the length of the expected vesting period shall be consistent with the assumptions used in estimating the fair value of the options granted, and shall not be subsequently revised. If the performance condition is not a market condition, the entity shall revise its estimate of the length of the vesting period, if necessary, if subsequent information indicates that the length of the vesting period differs from previous estimates.

Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2

Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2 :  IFRS 2 requires an expense to be recognised for the goods or services received by a company. The corresponding entry in the accounting records will either be a liability or an increase in the equity of the company, depending on whether the transaction is to be settled in cash or in equity shares. Goods or services acquired in a share-based payment transaction should be recognised when they are received. In the case of goods, this is obviously the date when this occurs. However, it is often more difficult to determine when services are received. If shares are issued that vest immediately, then it can be assumed that these are in consideration of past services. As a result, the expense should be recognised immediately.

Alternatively, if the share options vest in the future, then it is assumed that the equity instruments relate to future services and recognition is therefore spread over that period.

Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2

Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2 : Equity-settled transactions with employees and directors would normally be expensed and would be based on their fair value at the grant date. Fair value should be based on market price wherever this is possible. Many shares and share options will not be traded on an active market. If this is the case then valuation techniques, such as the option pricing model, would be used. IFRS 2 does not set out which pricing model should be used, but describes the factors that should be taken into account. It says that ‘intrinsic value’ should only be used where the fair value cannot be reliably estimated. Intrinsic value is the difference between the fair value of the shares and the price that is to be paid for the shares by the counterparty.

The objective of IFRS 2 is to determine and recognise the compensation costs over the period in which the services are rendered. For example, if a company grants share options to employees that vest in the future only if they are still employed, then the accounting process is as follows:

  • The fair value of the options will be calculated at the date the options are granted.
  • This fair value will be charged to profit or loss equally over the vesting period, with adjustments made at each accounting date to reflect the best estimate of the number of options that will eventually vest.
  • Shareholders’ equity will be increased by an amount equal to the charge in profit or loss. The charge in the income statement reflects the number of options vested. If employees decide not to exercise their options, because the share price is lower than the exercise price, then no adjustment is made to profit or loss. On early settlement of an award without replacement, a company should charge the balance that would have been charged over the remaining period.

Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2

Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2 : 

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Transactions In Which Services Are Received IFRS 2

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