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Tax Payment in GST Regime Complete Details

Tax Payment in GST Regime Complete Details

Tax Payment in GST Regime

Tax Payment in GST Regime : Under the GST regime, tax is payable by the taxable person on the supply of goods and/or services. Liability to pay tax arises when the taxable person crosses the turnover threshold of Rs.20 lakhs (Rs. 10 lakhs for NE & Special Category States) except in certain specified cases where the taxable person is liable to pay GST even though he has not crossed the threshold limit. The CGST / SGST is payable on all intra-State supply of goods and/or services and IGST is payable on all inter- State supply of goods and/or services. The CGST /SGST and IGST are payable at the rates specified in the Schedules to the respective Acts.

GST is one indirect tax for the whole nation, which will make India one unified common market.

GST is a single tax on the supply of goods and services, right from the manufacturer to the consumer. Credits of input taxes paid at each stage will be available in the subsequent stage of value addition, which makes GST essentially a tax only on value addition at each stage. The final consumer will thus bear only the GST charged by the last dealer in the supply chain, with set-off benefits at all the previous stages.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

The benefits of GST can be summarized as under:

For business and industry

  •  Easy compliance: A robust and comprehensive IT system would be the foundation of the GST regime in India. Therefore, all tax payer services such as registrations, returns, payments, etc. would be available to the taxpayers online, which would make compliance easy and transparent.
  • Uniformity of tax rates and structures: GST will ensure that indirect tax rates and structures are common across the country, thereby increasing certainty and ease of doing business. In other words, GST would make doing business in the country tax neutral, irrespective of the choice of place of doing business.
  • Removal of cascading: A system of seamless tax-credits throughout the value-chain, and across boundaries of States, would ensure that there is minimal cascading of taxes. This would reduce hidden costs of doing business.
  • Improved competitiveness: Reduction in transaction costs of doing business would eventually lead to an improved competitiveness for the trade and industry.
  • Gain to manufacturers and exporters: The subsuming of major Central and State taxes in GST, complete and comprehensive set-off of input goods and services and phasing out of Central Sales Tax (CST) would reduce the cost of locally manufactured goods and services. This will increase the competitiveness of Indian goods and services in the international market and give boost to Indian exports. The uniformity in tax rates and procedures across the country will also go a long way in reducing the compliance cost.

For Central and State Governments

  •  Simple and easy to administer: Multiple indirect taxes at the Central and State levels are being replaced by GST. Backed with a robust end-to-end IT system, GST would be simpler and easier to administer than all other indirect taxes of the Centre and State levied so far.
  • Better controls on leakage: GST will result in better tax compliance due to a robust IT infrastructure. Due to the seamless transfer of input tax credit from one stage to another in the chain of value addition, there is an in-built mechanism in the design of GST that would incentivize tax compliance by traders.
  • Higher revenue efficiency: GST is expected to decrease the cost of collection of tax revenues of the Government, and will therefore, lead to higher revenue efficiency.

For the consumer

  • Single and transparent tax proportionate to the value of goods and services: Due to multiple indirect taxes being levied by the Centre and State, with incomplete or no input tax credits available at progressive stages of value addition, the cost of most goods and services in the country today are laden with many hidden taxes. Under GST, there would be only one tax from the manufacturer to the consumer, leading to transparency of taxes paid to the final consumer.
  • Relief in overall tax burden: Because of efficiency gains and prevention of leakages, the overall tax burden on most commodities will come down, which will benefit consumers.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

At the Central level, the following taxes are being subsumed:

  1. Central Excise Duty,
  2. Additional Excise Duty,
  3. Service Tax,
  4. Additional Customs Duty commonly known as Countervailing Duty, and
  5. Special Additional Duty of Customs.

At the State level, the following taxes are being subsumed:

  1. Subsuming of State Value Added Tax/Sales Tax,
  2. Entertainment Tax (other than the tax levied by the local bodies), Central Sales Tax (levied by the Centre and collected by the States),
  3. Octroi and Entry tax,
  4. Purchase Tax,
  5. Luxury tax, and
  6. Taxes on lottery, betting and gambling.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

In the GST regime, for any intra-state supply, taxes to be paid are the Central GST (CGST, going into the account of the Central Government) and the State GST (SGST, going into the account of the concerned State Government).  For any inter-state supply, tax to be paid is Integrated GST (IGST) which will have components of both CGST and SGST.  In addition, certain categories of registered persons will be required to pay to the government account Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) and Tax Collected at Source (TCS).  In addition, wherever applicable, Interest, Penalty, Fees and any other payment will also be required to be made.

In general the supplier of goods or service is liable to pay GST.  However in specified cases like imports and other notified supplies, the liability may be cast on the recipient under the reverse charge mechanism.  Further, in some cases, the liability to pa is o the third person (say in the case of e-commerce operator responsible for TCS or Government Department responsible for TDS).

At the time of supply Goods as explained in Section 12 and at the time of supply of services as explained in Section 13.  The time is generally the earliest of one of the 3 events, namely receiving payment, issuance of invoice or completion of supply.  Different situations envisaged and different tax points have been explained in the aforesaid sections.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

The payment processes under proposed GST regime will have the following features:

1. Electronically generated challan from GSTN Common Portal in all modes of payment and no use of manually prepared challan;

2. Facilitation for the taxpayer by providing hassle free, anytime, anywhere mode of payment of tax;

3. Convenience of making payment online;

4. Logical tax collection data in electronic format;

5. Faster remittance of tax revenue to the Government Account;

6. Paperless transactions;

7. Speed Accounting and reporting;

8. Electronic reconciliation of all receipts;

9. Simplified procedure for banks;

10. Warehousing of Digital Challan.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

Payment can be done by the following methods:

1. Through debit of Credit Leger of the taxpayer maintained on the Common Portal – Only Tax can be paid.  Interest, Penalty and Fees cannot be paid by debit in the credit ledger.

Tax payers shall be allowed to take credit of taxes paid on inputs (input tax credit) and utilise the same for payment of output tax.  However, no input tax credit on account of CGST shall be utilised towards payment of SGST and vice versa.  The credit of IGST would be permitted to be utilised for payment of IGST, CGST and SGST in that order.

2. In cash by debit in the Cash Ledger of the taxpayer maintained on the Common Portal.  Money can be deposited in the Cash Ledger by different modes, namely, E-payment (Internet Banking, Credit Card, Debit Card); Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) / National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT); over the Counter Payment in branches of Banks Authorised to accept deposit of GST.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

Payment of taxes by the normal taxpayer is to be done on monthly basis by the 20th of the succeeding month.  Cash payments will be first deposited in the Cash Leger and the taxpayer shall debit the ledger while making payment in the monthly returns and shall reflect the relevant debit entry number in his return.  As mentioned earlier, payment can also be debited from the Credit Ledger.  Payment of taxes for the month of March shall be paid by the 20th of April.  Composition tax payers will need to pay tax on quarterly basis.  Timing of payment will be form  0000 Hrs to 2000 Hrs.

No time limit for payment of tax can be extended or paid in monthly instalments.  In fact this is not permitted in case of self-assessed liability.  In other cases, competent authority has been empowered to extend the time period or allow payment in instalments.  (Section 55 of model GST law).

If the taxable person files the return but does not make payment of tax, the return is not considered as a valid return.  Section 27(3) of the model GST law provides that the return furnished by a taxable person shall not be treated as valid return unless the full tax due as the said return has been paid.  It is only the valid return that would be used for allowing input tax credit (ITC) to the recipient.  In other words, unless the supplier has paid the entire self-assessed tax and filed his return and the recipient has filed his return, the ITC of the recipient would not be confirmed.

As per section 28, a taxable person who has not furnished a valid return shall not be allowed to utilise such credit till he discharges his self-assessed tax liability.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

Electronic Ledgers or E-Ledgers are statements of cash and input tax credit in respect of each registered taxpayer.  In addition, each taxpayer shall also have an electronic tax liability register.  Once a taxpayer is registered on Common Portal (GSTN), 2 e-ledgers (Cash & Input Tax Credit) and an electronic tax liability register will be automatically opened and displayed on his dashboard at all times.

Tax Liability Register will reflect the total tax liability of a taxpayer (after netting) for the particular month.

The cash ledger will reflect all deposits made in cash, and TDS/TCS made on account of the taxpayer.  The information will be reflected on real time basis.  This ledger can be used for making any payment on account of GST.

Input Tax Credit as self-assessed in monthly returns will be reflected in the ITC Ledger.  The credit in this ledger can be sued to make payment of TAX ONLY and not other amount such as interest, penalty, fees etc.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

There will be real time two way linkage between the GSTN and the Core Banking Solution (CBS) of the Bank.  CPIN is automatically routed to the Bank via electronic string for verification and receiving payment and a challan identification number (CIN) is to automatically sent by the Bank to the Common Portal confirming payment receipt.  No manual intervention will be involved in the process by anyone including bank cashier or teller or the taxpayer.

A taxpayer can partially fill in the challan form and temporarily ‘save’ the challan for completion at a later state.  A saved challan can be ‘edited’ before finalisation.  After the tax payer has finalised the challan, he will generate the challan, for use of payment of taxes.  The remitter will have option of printing the challan for his record.

After logging into GSTN portal for generation of challan payment particulars have to be fed in by the tax payer or his authorised person.  He can save the challan midway for future updation.  However once the challan is finalised and CPIN generated, no further changes can be made to it by the taxpayer.

A challan will be valid for fifteen days after its generation and thereafter it will be purged from the System.  However, the taxpayer can generate another challan at his convenience.

CPIN stands for Common Portal Identification Number given at the time of generation of challan.  It is a 14 digit unique number to identify the challan.  As stated above, the CPIN remains valid for a period of 15 days.

CIN stands for Challan Identification Number.  It is a 17 digit number that is 14 digits CPIN plus 3 digit Bank code.  CIN is generated by the authorised banks and Reserve Bank of India (RBI) when payment is actually received by such authorised banks or RBI and credited in the relevant government account held with them.  It is an indication that the payment has been realised and credited to the appropriate government account.  CIN is communicated by the authorised bank to taxpayer as well as to GSTN.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

According to sub Section (8) of Section 35 prescribes an order of payment where the taxpayer has tax liability beyond the current return period.  In such a situation the order of payment to be followed is:

a) First self assessed tax and interest for previous period.

b) thereafter self assessed tax and interest for the current period

c) thereafter any other amounts payable including any confirmed demands under Section 51 of the Act.

This sequence has to be mandatorily followed.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

E-FPB stands for Electronic Focal Point Branch.  These are branches of authorised banks which are authorised to collect payment of GST.  Each authorised bank will nominate only one branch as its E-FPB for pan India transactions.  The E-FPB will have to open accounts under each major head for all governments.  Total 38 accounts (one each for CGST, IGST and one each for SGST for each State / UT Government) will have to be opened.  Any amount received by such E-FPB towards GST will be credited to the appropriate account held by such E-FPB.

Please note that for NEFT and RTGS transactions, RBI will act as E-FPB.

TDS stands for Tax Deducted at Source.  As per section 37 of the Act, this provision meant for Government and government undertakings and other notified entities making contractual payments in excess of Rs. 10 Lakhs to suppliers.  While making such payment, the concerned Government or authority shall deduct 1% of the total payable amount and remit it into the appropriate GST account.

Any amount shown as TDS will be reflected in the electronic cash ledger of the concerned supplier.  He can utilise this amount towards discharging his liability towards tax, interest fees and any other amount.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

TDS Deductor will account for such TDS in the following ways:-

1. Such deductors needs to get compulsorily registered under section 19 read with Schedule III of Model GST Law.

2. They need to remit such TDS collected by the 10th day of the month succeeding the month in which TDS was collected and reported in GSTR-7.

3. The amount deposited as TDS will be reflected in the electronic cash ledger of the supplier.

4. They need to issue certificate of such TDS to the dedicatee within 5 days of deducting TDS failing which fees of Rs. 100/- per day subject to maximum of Rs. 5000/- will be payable by such Deductor.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

This provision is applicable only for E-commerce operator under Section 43C of Model GST Law.  Every E-Commerce Operator needs to withhold a percentage of the amount which is due from him to the supplier at the time of making actual payment to the supplier.  (Sofar it has not notified) Such withheld amount is to be deposited by such E-Commerce Operator to the appropriate GST account by the 10th of the next month.   The amount deposited as TCS will be reflected in the electronic cash ledger of the supplier.

The pre-registration of credit card necessary in the GSTN portal for the GST payment.  The taxpayer would be required to pre-register his credit card, from which the tax payment is intended with the Common Portal maintained on GSTN.  GSTN may also attempt to put in a system with banks in getting the credit card verified by taking a confirmation from the credit card service provider.  The payments using credit cards can therefore be allowed without any monetary limit to facilitate ease of doing business.

Tax Payment in GST Regime

1.Schedule of GST rates for services CHECK HERE
2.GST Tariff Code in Uttar Pradesh CHECK HERE
3.Complete Details on GST CHECK HERE

Check here for more GST Offline Utilities – Click

Check here to download Download Printable GST Filing Date Chart :

1.Download Printable GST Filing Date Chart PDFCHECK HERE
2.Download Printable GST Filing Date Chart EXCELCHECK HERE

Check here to know more on GST HSN Code with Rate :

1.GST Rate ScheduleCHECK HERE
2.GST Rate by GST CouncilCHECK HERE
3.GST HSN Codes EnrollnmentCHECK HERE

Check here to know more on GST Delivery Challan

1.GST Delivery Challan Excel format 1CHECK HERE
2.GST Delivery Challan Excel format 2CHECK HERE
3.GST Delivery Challan PDF formatCHECK HERE

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