President and Governors of India notes-CSEET
President and Governors of India:
ICSI CSEET: The Council of the ICSI has released a notice regarding CSEET on the day of the inauguration of ICSI Golden Jubilee Celebrations on 4th Oct 2017.
The Gazette Notification on the Company Secretaries (Amendment) Regulations, 2020 has been published on 3rd February 2020 in the Official Gazette of India and the same shall be applicable from the said date of publication.
Now ICSI Published a notice regarding CSEET Test which going to start from 2020 May.
We are now going to discuss the details of CSEET Paper-2 Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning – President and Governors of India notes
The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of— (a) the elected members of both Houses of Parliament; and (b) the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States.
Powers of President
In its Article 53 the Constitution lays down that the executive power of the union shall be vested in the President. The President of India shall, thus, be the head of the ‘executive power’ of the union. The executive power may be defined as the power of “carrying on the business of Government” or “the administration of the affairs of the state” excepting functions which are vested in any other authority by the Constitution. Various powers that are included within the comprehensive expression ‘executive power’ in a modern state have been classified under following heads :
(i) Administrative power, i.e., the execution of the laws and the administration of the departments of Government.
(ii) Military power, i.e., the command of the armed forces and the conduct of war.
(iii) Legislative power, i.e., the summoning prorogation, etc. of the legislature.
(iv) Judicial power, i.e., granting of pardons, reprieves etc. to persons convicted of crime.
These powers vest in the President under each of these heads, subject to the limitations made under the Constitution.
Power to Promulgate Ordinance
The most important legislative power conferred on the President is to promulgate Ordinances. Article 123 of the Constitution provides that the President shall have the power to legislate by Ordinances at any time when it is not possible to have a parliamentary enactment on the subject, immediately. This is a special feature of the Constitution of India.
The ambit of this Ordinance-making power of the President is co-extensive with the legislative powers of Parliament, that is to say it may relate to any subject in respect of which Parliament has the right to legislate and is subject to the same constitutional limitations as legislation by Parliament.
The executive power of the State is vested in the Governor and all executive action of the State has to be taken in the name of the Governor. Normally there shall be a Governor for each State but the same person can be appointed as Governor for two or more states. The Governor of a State is not elected but is appointed by the President and holds his office at the pleasure of the President. The head of the executive power to a State is the Governor just as the President for the Union.
The Governor possesses executive, legislation and judicial powers as the Presidents except that he has no diplomate or military powers like the President.
The Governor’s power to make Ordinances as given under Article 213 is similar to the Ordinance making power of the President and have the force of an Act of the State Legislature. He can make Ordinance only when the state Legislature or either of the two Houses (where it is bicameral) is not in session. He must be satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessary to take immediate action. While exercising this power, the Governor must act with the aid and advise of the Council of Ministers. But in following cases, the Governor cannot promulgate any Ordinance without instructions from the President:
(a) if a Bill containing the same provisions would under this constitution have required the previous section of the President.
(b) he would have deemed it necessary to reserve a Bill containing the same provisions for the consideration of the President.
(c) an Act of the state legislature containing the same provisions would under this constitution have been invalid under having been reserved for the consideration of the President, it had received the assent of the President.
The Ordinance must be laid before the state legislature (when it re-assembles) and shall automatically cease to have effect at the expiration of six weeks from the date of the re-assembly unless disapproved earlier by that legislature.