# Non Verbal reasoning Analytical Reasoning notes-CSEET

**Non Verbal reasoning Analytical Reasoning:**

**ICSI CSEET: **The Council of the ICSI has released a notice regarding CSEET on the day of the inauguration of ICSI Golden Jubilee Celebrations on 4th Oct 2017.

The Gazette Notification on the Company Secretaries (Amendment) Regulations, 2020 has been published on 3^{rd} February 2020 in the Official Gazette of India and the same shall be applicable from the said date of publication.

Now ICSI Published a notice regarding CSEET Test which going to start from 2020 May.

We are now going to discuss the details of CSEET Paper-2 Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning – **Non Verbal reasoning Analytical Reasoning**** notes**.

**Non Verbal reasoning Analytical Reasoning:**

Analytical Reasoning is Qualitative and Quantitative reasoning in nature. People use analytical reasoning to scrutinise speech, documents, diagrams, charts and graphs, and gather the most relevant information. Those with strong analytical skills will consider how key elements within that information relate to one another, and are more likely to notice crucial patterns and details.

Analytical reasoning measure a candidate’s critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

- Data may be presented in the form of written passages, graphs, tables or shapes.
- Where questions are based on a series of images, they have much in common with inductive reasoning and non-verbal reasoning tests.
- Written analytical reasoning questions assess many of the same skills as verbal reasoning tests.

**Analytical reasoning evaluate Inductive and Deductive reasoning**

**Inductive reasoning **involves obtaining specific information relating to a topic/subject in order to make predictions based on such information.

Example of Inductive Reasoning

- Every quiz has been eassy. Therefore the test will be easy.
- The teacher used power point in the last few classes. Therefore, the teacher will use power point tomorrow.
- Every fall there have been huricanes in the tropics this coming fall.

**Deductive reasoning **is the process of reaching a logical conclusion based on one or more given statements, or premises.

Example of deductive Reasoning

- All Students eat pizza. Raman is a students at KKM. Therefore, Raman eats Pizza
- All athletes work out in the gym. Karan is an athlete. Therefore, Karan works out in the gym.

**Analytical Reasoning Thinking Approach**

Suppose you have to find the number of triangles in the given figure

Solution : The simplest triangles are AFB, FEB, EBC, DEC, DFE and AFD i.e. 6 in number.

The triangles composed of two components each are AEB, FBC, DFC, ADE, DBE and ABD i.e. 6 in number.

The triangles composed of three components each are ADC and ABC i.e. 2 in number.

There is only one triangle i.e. DBC which is composed of four components.

Thus, there are 6 + 6 + 2 + 1 = 15 triangles in the figure.

Let’s take the one more example, Find the number of triangles in the given figure.

Solution: The simplest triangles are AEI, AIH, BEJ, BJF, CFK, CKG, DGL, DLH, EOJ, FOJ, FOG, LOG, HOL and HOE i.e. 14 in number.

The triangles composed of two components each are EAH, FBE, BEO, EOF, BFO, FCG, GDH, HOD, HOG and GOD i.e. 10 in number.

The triangles composed of three components each are EFH, EHG, FGH and EFG i.e. 4 in number.

Thus, there are 14 + 10 + 4 = 28 triangles in the given figure

Study the given information carefully and answer the questions that follow:

**Analytical Reasoning Conditional Based**

A team of five is to be selected from amongst five boys A, B, C, D and E and four girls P, Q, R and S. Some criteria for selection are:

(a) A and S have to be together.

(b) P cannot be put with R.

(c) D and Q cannot go together.

(d) C and E have to be together.

(e) R cannot be put with B.

Unless otherwise stated, these criteria are applicable to all the questions below

- If two of the members have to be boys, the team will consist of:

(a) A, B, S, P Q (b) A, D, S, Q, R (c) B, D, S, R, Q (d) C, E, S, P

Solution : Here we have, If A is selected, S has to be selected. If B is selected, R cannot be selected.

If D is selected, Q cannot be selected. Hence A, D, S, Q, R and B, D, S, R, Q are wrong. C, E, S, P, Q is not possible because A and S should be together. So answer is option 1.

- If R be one of the members, the other members of the team are;

(a) P S, A, D (b) Q, S, A, D (c) P S, C, E (d) S, A, C, E

Solution : If R is selected, P cannot be selected. So, P, S, A, D is wrong.

D and Q cannot be together. So, Q, S, A, D is wrong.

S and A have to be together. So, P, S, C, E is wrong. The option (d) satisfies all the conditions. Hence it is the answer.

- If two of the members are girls and D is one of the members, the members of the team other than D are:

(a) P Q, B, C (b) P Q, C, E (c) P S, A, B (d) P S, C, E

Solution : If D is selected, Q cannot be selected. So P, Q, B, C and P, Q, C, E are incorrect. S and A have to be together. So, P, S, C, E is also wrong. The third option P, S, A, B satisfies all the conditions, hence it is the answer.

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