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Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics


Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics:

Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics: Commerce is a useful stream as this discipline has great demand in different job oriented fields. Subjects like Economics, Accountancy, Business studies and others are included in this stream. After completion of their 10 standard, students can opt for this stream in class 11 and 12 and they can also take this stream in graduation level. The CBSE board is known for its well-evaluated syllabus and suitable question papers. To maintain its praiseworthy recognition, the board has prepared a comprehensive syllabus for class 11 commerce. All essential subjects and their relevant topics are incorporated in this syllabus by maintaining a proper order. Hence, students get thorough knowledge from this syllabus.

Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics:

Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics

Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics:

Accountancy : Company Accounts and Analysis of Financial Statements

Chapter 1 – Accounting for Share Capital

  • What is public company?
  • What is meant by the word ‘Company’? Describe its characteristics.
  • What is private limited company?

Chapter 2 – Issue and Redemption of Debentures

  • What is meant by a Debenture?
  • What does a Bearer Debenture mean?
  • State the meaning of ‘Debentures issued as a Collateral Security’.
  • What is meant by an ‘Irredeemable Debenture’?

Chapter 3 – Financial Statements of a Company

  • What is public company?
  • Explain the nature of the financial statements.
  • What is private limited company?
  • Define Government Company?

Business Studies : Business Finance and Marketing

Chapter 1 – Financial Management

  • What is working capital? How is it calculated? Discuss five important determinants of working capital requirement.
  • What is financial risk? Why does it arise?

Chapter 2 – Financial Markets

  • What are the functions of a financial market?
  • ”Money Market is essentially a Market for short term funds”. Discuss.

Chapter 3 – Marketing

  • What is marketing? What functions does it play with process of exchange of goods and services? Explain.
  • Explain the advantages of branding to marketers of goods and services.

Economics : Introductory Macroeconomics

Chapter 1 – Introduction

  • What is the difference between microeconomics and macroeconomics?
  •  What are the important features of a capitalist economy?

Chapter 2 – National Income Accounting

  • What are the four factors of production and what are the remunerations to each of these called?
  • Why should the aggregate final expenditure of an economy be equal to the aggregate factor payments? Explain.

Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics:

Hard work is not Enough when GOAL is BIG, it needs more powerful and systematic planning and proper time management. Here is a Study Planner and solution for all your anxieties.

Key Features:

  • Calculate the total time for studies
  • Weigh your subjects
  • Division of days for studding each subject
  • Division of subject areas as per the allotment of days
  • Weekly plan of study

CBSE board class 11 commerce mock test papers:

  • Time management is more important.
  • Firstly do not ignore your health.
  • Get proper sleep and eat a balanced nutritious diet.
  • A good relaxed mind and healthy food is important for you to retain what you study.
  • Besides know your strengths and weaknesses. Give more time to your weaker subjects but also take care that you do not ignore any subject altogether because a piled up syllabus in even one subject might bring down your percentage.
  • Do not try to spend hours in front of books if you are not retaining what you study.Plan to study such that you do not study for long stretches and get enough break every hour or two.
  • Also be positive and optimistic about scoring well. A happier you will be a more successful you.

Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics:

Class 11 Accountancy HOT Questions

Important TopicsDownload
Business ServicesDownload
Emerging Modes of BusinessDownload
Forms of Business OrganizationDownload
Internal TradeDownload
International BusinessDownload
Private Public and Global EnterprisesDownload
Small BusinessDownload
Social Responsibilities of Business and Business EthicsDownload

Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics:

Important TopicsDOWNLOAD
Collection of DataDownload
CorrelationDownload
Development Experience of IndiaDownload
Economic Reforms Since 1991Download
EmploymentDownload
Environment Sustainable Economic DevelopmentDownload
Human Capital Formation in IndiaDownload
Indian Economy at the Time of IndependenceDownload
Indian EconomyDownload
InfrastructureDownload
Introduction to Index NumbersDownload
IntroductionDownload
Measures of Central TendencyDownload
Measures of DispersionDownload
Organisation of DataDownload
Presentation of DataDownload
Problems and PolociecDownload
PovertyDownload
Rural DevelopmentDownload
Whole BoolDownload

Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics:

DOWNLOAD Important Topics
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BOOKS

  • Study as per the syllabus prescribed by the CBSE.
  • Remember that CBSE board exams are entirely based on the prescribed syllabus.
  • Extra Practice can be done from various reference books.

DEFINITIONS & MEANINGS

  • Definitions are to be understood properly along with the meaning.
  • You need to understand the logic and reasoning behind the concept.
  • To get full marks you need to memorize the definitions after understanding them so that you can write them in the exam properly.

FORMULAS

  • There are lot formulas which are applied in accountancy.
  • Students should NOT mug up those formulas and should understand how that formula is derived and what purpose it is made for.
  • Unless you have full understanding of the basis of the formulas you will not be able to solve questions properly.
  • Once you understand the formulas prepare a chapter wise formula sheet and revise them regularly.

CALCULATION

  • While practicing, utmost care should be taken while making calculation and mistakes should be avoided.
  • This practice will help you in the exam and will save you from loss of marks due to tiny mistakes.

NOTES

  • Make your own notes chapter wise.
  • Mark those concepts with RED color which you find difficult to understand.
  • While solving questions you may get stuck at some typical point. Always note those typical points for later revision. It will help you later on in the exam.

FEATURES, ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

  • Students should focus on the Features, advantages and disadvantages of various topics as these questions are asked frequently in the exams.
  • Students should practice by writing them and not by understanding and memorizing only.

WORKING NOTES

  • Neat and clean working notes are also required as they become basis for the amounts calculated and to be put in Journals as well in accounts.
  • Working notes also carry marks in the exams.

FORMATS

  • Students should pay utmost attention while making formats for journals, Ledgers and Balance sheets.
  • They should draw proper formats and also focus on writing narrations.
  • Lot of students complain after the exam that the exam was lengthy but most of the times they take too much time in making formats because they seldom practice drawing proper formats while they practice.
  • Thus doing this will help students to finish their paper on time.

PRACTICE FROM PAST YEARS’ PAPERS:

  • Solve past years examination papers keeping the time in mind.
  • Set your clock and check time taken while solving these papers so that you get exam type practice at home. This will help you managing your time during the examination.
  • This will help you finish your exam in the allotted time and paper will not look lengthy.
  • Make sure you make proper formats, working notes, Narrations and correct calculations.
  • You will gain a lot of confidence with this as you will be able to practice according to the pattern of questions, typology and methodology of how examiners set the question papers and what type of questions you will face.

REVISION

  • Proper Revision is the key for success in any exam.
  • Bring together all your notes, practice registers and formula sheets prepared by you which you made throughout the year.
  • Make revision plan. Allocate the time available between all the chapters and start solving those questions which you found difficult to solve while practicing.
  • Also revise those concepts which you found hard to understand and marked earlier.

Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics:

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Karnataka class 12 commerce important topics:

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