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Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner : Death of a Partner- the accounting treatment in the event of death of a partner is similar to that in case of retirement of a partner, and that in case of death of a partner his claim is transferred to his executors and settled in the same manner as that of the retired partner. However, there is one major difference that, while the retirement normally takes place at the end of an accounting period, the death of a partner may occur any time. Hence, in case of a partner, his claim shall also include his share of profit or loss, interest on capital, interest on drawings (if any) from the date of the last Balance Sheet to the date of his death of these, the main problem relates to the calculation of profit for the intervening period (i.e., the period from date of the last balance sheet and the date of the partner’s death. Since, it is considered cumbersome to close the books and prepare final account, for the period, the deceased partner’s share of profit may be calculated on the basis of last year’s profit (or average of past few years) or on the basis of sales

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

On the death of a partner, the accounting treatment regarding goodwill, revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities, accumulated reserves and undistributed profit are similar to that of the retirement of a partner, When the partner dies the amount payable to him/her is paid to his/her legal representatives. The representatives are entitled to the followings :

(a) The amount standing to the credit to the capital account of the deceased partner

(b) Interest on capital, if provided in the partnership deed upto the date of death:

(c) Share of goodwill of the firm;

(d) Share of undistributed profit or reserves;

(e) Share of profit on the revaluation of assets and liabilities;

(f) Share of profit upto the date of death;

(g) Share of Joint Life Policy.

The following amounts are debited to the account of the deceased partner’s legal representatives:

(i) Drawings

(ii) Interest on drawings

(iii) Share of loss on the revaluation of assets and liabilities;

(iv) Share of loss that have occurred till the date of his/her death.

The above adjustments are made in the capital account of the deceased partner and then the balance in the capital account is transferred to an account opened in the name of his/her executor. The payment of the amount of the deceased partner depends on the agreement. In the absence of an agreement, the legal representative of a deceased partner is entitled to interest @ 6% p.a. on the amount due from the date of death till the date of final payment.

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

Calculation of profit upto the date of death of a partner.

If the death of a partner occurs during the year, the representatives of the deceased partner are entitled to his/her share of profits earned till the date of his/her death. Such profit is ascertained by any of the following methods:

(i) Time Basis

(ii) Turnover or Sales Basis

(i) Time Basis

In this case, it is assumed that profit has been earned uniformly through out the year. For example: The total profit of previous year is Rs. 2,25,000 and a partner dies three months after the close of previous year, the profit of three months is Rs. 31,250 i.e. 1,25,000 × 3/12, if the deceased partner took 2/10 share of profit, his/her share of profit till the date of death is Rs. 6,250 i.e. Rs. 31,250 × 2/10

(ii) Turnover or Sales Basis

In this method, we have to take into consideration the profit and the total sales of the last year. Thereafter the profit upto the date of death is estimated on the basis of the sale of the last year. Profit is assumed to be earned uniformly at the same rate.

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

Illustration  Arun, Tarun and Neha are partners sharing profits in the ratio of 3 : 2 : 1 Neha dies on 31st May 2006. Sales for the year 2005-2006 amounted to Rs.4,00,000.and the profit on sales is Rs.60,000. Accounts are closed on 31 March every year. Sales from lst April 2006 to 31st May 2006 is Rs.1,00,000. Calculate the deceased partner’s share in the profit upto the date of death.

Solution : Profit from 1st April 2006 to 31st May 2006 on the basis of sales: If sales are Rs.4,00,000, profit is Rs.60,000 If the sales are Rs.1,00,000 profit is : 60,000/4,00,000 × 1,00,000 = Rs.15,000 Neha’s share = 15,000 × 1/6 = Rs.2,500

Alternatively profit is calculated as Rate of profit = 60000 400000 × = 100 15% Sale upto date of death = 1,00,000 Profit = 1 00 000 15 100 , , × = Rs 15000

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

You have learnt that retirement or death of a partner also leads to reconstitution of a partnership firm. On the retirement or death of a partner, the existing partnership deed comes to an end, and in its place, a new partnership deed needs to be framed whereby, the remaining partners continue to do their business on changed terms and conditions. There is not much difference in the accounting treatment at the time of retirement or in the event of death. In both the cases, we are required to determine the sum due to the retiring partner (in case of retirement) and to the legal representatives (in case of deceased partner) after making necessary adjustments in respect of goodwill, revaluation of a assets and liabilities and transfer of accumulated profits and losses. In addition, we may also have to compute the new profit sharing’s ratio among the remaining partners and so also their gaining ratio, This covers all these aspects in detail.

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

Ascertaining the Amount Due to Retiring/ Deceased Partner

New Profit Sharing Ratio New profit sharing ratio is the ratio in which the remaining partners will share future profits after the retirement or death of any partner. The new share of each of the remaining partner will consist of his own share in the firm plus the share acquired from the retiring /deceased partner.

Gaining Ratio The ratio in which the continuing partners have acquired the share from the retiring/deceased partner is called the gaining ratio. Normally, the continuing partners acquire the share of retiring/deceased partner in their old profit sharing ratio, In that case, the gaining ratio of the remaining partners will be the same as their old profit sharing ratio among them and there is no need to compute the gaining ratio, Alternatively, proportion in which they acquire the share of the retiring/deceased partner may be duly specified. In that case, again, there is no need to calculate the gaining ratio as it will be the ratio in which they have acquired the share of profit from the retiring deceased partner. The problem of calculating gaining ratio arises primarily when the new profit sharing ratio of the continuing partners is specified. In such a situation, the gaining ratio should be calculated by, deducting the old share of each continuing partners from his new share.

Treatment of Goodwill The retiring or deceased partner is entitled to his share of goodwill at the time of retirement/death because the goodwill has been earned by the firm with the efforts of all the existing partners. Hence, at the time of retirement/death of a partner, goodwill is valued as per agreement among the partners the retiring/ deceased partner compensated for his share of goodwill by the continuing partners (who have gained due to acquisition of share of profit from the retiring/ deceased partner) in their gaining ratio.

The accounting treatment for goodwill in such a situation depends upon whether or, not goodwill already appears in the books of the firm.

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

Adjustment for Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities At the time of retirement or death of a partner there may be some assets which may not have been shown at their current values. Similarly, there may be certain liabilities which have been shown at a value different from the obligation to be met by the firm. Not only that, there may be some unrecorded assets and liabilities which need to be brought into books. As learnt in case of admission of a partner, a Revaluation Account is prepared in order to ascertain net gain (loss) on revaluation of assets and/or liabilities and bringing unrecorded items into firm’s books and the same is transferred to the capital account of all partners including retiring/deceased partners in their old profit sharing ratio.

Disposal of Amount Due to Retiring Partner The outgoing partner’s account is settled as per the terms of partnership deed i.e., in lumpsum immediately or in various instalments with or without interest as agreed or partly in cash immediately and partly in installment at the agreed intervals. In the absence of any agreement, Section 37 of the Indian Partnership Act, 1932 is applicable, which states that the outgoing partner has an option to receive either interest @ 6% p.a. till the date of payment or such share of profits which has been earned with his/her money (i.e., based on capital ratio). Hence, the total amount due to the retiring partner which is ascertained after all adjustments have been made is to be paid immediately to the retiring partner. In case the firm is not in a position to make the payment immediately, the amount due is transferred to the retiring Partner’s Loan Account, and as and when the amount is paid it is debited to his account

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

Must read:

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Ratios in connection with retirement of a partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

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