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Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner You have learnt that retirement or death of a partner also leads to reconstitution of a partnership firm. On the retirement or death of a partner, the existing partnership deed comes to an end, and in its place, a new partnership deed needs to be framed whereby, the remaining partners continue to do their business on changed terms and conditions. There is not much difference in the accounting treatment at the time of retirement or in the event of death. In both the cases, we are required to determine the sum due to the retiring partner (in case of retirement) and to the legal representatives (in case of deceased partner) after making necessary adjustments in respect of goodwill, revaluation of a assets and liabilities and transfer of accumulated profits and losses. In addition, we may also have to compute the new profit sharing’s ratio among the remaining partners and so also their gaining ratio, This covers all these aspects in detail.

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Ascertaining the Amount Due to Retiring/ Deceased Partner -The sum due to the retiring partner (in case of retirement) and to the legal representatives/ executors (in case of death) includes:

(i) credit balance of his capital account;

(ii) credit balance of his current account(if any);

(iii) his share of goodwill ;

(iv) his share of accumulated profits (reserves);

(v) his share in the gain of revaluation of assets and liabilities;

(vi) his share of profits up to the date of retirement/death;

(vii) interest on his capital, if involved, up to the date of retirement/death; and

(viii) salary/commission, if any, due to him up to the date of retirement/death.

The following deductions, if any, may have to be made from his share:

(i) debit balance of his current account(if any);

(ii) his share of goodwill to be written off; if necessary;

(iii) his share of accumulated losses;

(iv) his share of loss on revaluation of assets and liabilities;

(v) his share of loss up to the date of retirement/death;

(vi) his drawings up to the date of retirement/death;

(vii) interest on drawings, if involved, up to the date of retirement/death.

Thus, as in the case of admission, the various accounting aspects involved on retirement or death of a partner are as follows:

1. Ascertainment of new profit sharing ratio and gaining ratio;

2. Treatment of goodwill;

3. Revaluation of assets and liabilities;

4. Adjustment in respect of unrecorded assets and liabilities;

5. Distribution of accumulated profits and losses;

6. Ascertainment of share of profit or loss up to the date of retirement/death;

7. Adjustment of capital, if required;

8. Settlement of the amounts due to retired/deceased partner;

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

New Profit Sharing Ratio New profit sharing ratio is the ratio in which the remaining partners will share future profits after the retirement or death of any partner. The new share of each of the remaining partner will consist of his own share in the firm plus the share acquired from the retiring /deceased partner.

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Gaining Ratio The ratio in which the continuing partners have acquired the share from the retiring/deceased partner is called the gaining ratio. Normally, the continuing partners acquire the share of retiring/deceased partner in their old profit sharing ratio, In that case, the gaining ratio of the remaining partners will be the same as their old profit sharing ratio among them and there is no need to compute the gaining ratio, Alternatively, proportion in which they acquire the share of the retiring/deceased partner may be duly spacified. In that case, again, there is no need to calculate the gaining ratio as it will be the ratio in which they have acquired the share of profit from the retiring deceased partner. The problem of calculating gaining ratio arises primarily when the new profit sharing ratio of the continuing partners is specified. In such a situation, the gaining ratio should be calculated by, deducting the old share of each continuing partners from his new share.

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Treatment of Goodwill The retiring or deceased partner is entitled to his share of goodwill at the time of retirement/death because the goodwill has been earned by the firm with the efforts of all the existing partners. Hence, at the time of retirement/death of a partner, goodwill is valued as per agreement among the partners the retiring/ deceased partner compensated for his share of goodwill by the continuing partners (who have gained due to acquisition of share of profit from the retiring/ deceased partner) in their gaining ratio.

The accounting treatment for goodwill in such a situation depends upon whether or, not goodwill already appears in the books of the firm.

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Adjustment for Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities At the time of retirement or death of a partner there may be some assets which may not have been shown at their current values. Similarly, there may be certain liabilities which have been shown at a value different from the obligation to be met by the firm. Not only that, there may be some unrecorded assets and liabilities which need to be brought into books. As learnt in case of admission of a partner, a Revaluation Account is prepared in order to ascertain net gain (loss) on revaluation of assets and/or liabilities and bringing unrecorded items into firm’s books and the same is transferred to the capital account of all partners including retiring/deceased partners in their old profit sharing ratio.

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Disposal of Amount Due to Retiring Partner The outgoing partner’s account is settled as per the terms of partnership deed i.e., in lumpsum immediately or in various instalments with or without interest as agreed or partly in cash immediately and partly in installment at the agreed intervals. In the absence of any agreement, Section 37 of the Indian Partnership Act, 1932 is applicable, which states that the outgoing partner has an option to receive either interest @ 6% p.a. till the date of payment or such share of profits which has been earned with his/her money (i.e., based on capital ratio). Hence, the total amount due to the retiring partner which is ascertained after all adjustments have been made is to be paid immediately to the retiring partner. In case the firm is not in a position to make the payment immediately, the amount due is transferred to the retiring Partner’s Loan Account, and as and when the amount is paid it is debited to his account

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

Death of a Partner As stated earlier, the accounting treatment in the event of death of a partner is similar to that in case of retirement of a partner, and that in case of death of a partner his claim is transferred to his executors and settled in the same manner as that of the retired partner. However, there is one major difference that, while the retirement normally takes place at the end of an accounting period, the death of a partner may occur any time. Hence, in case of a partner, his claim shall also include his share of profit or loss, interest on capital, interest on drawings (if any) from the date of the last Balance Sheet to the date of his death of these, the main problem relates to the calculation of profit for the intervening period (i.e., the period from date of the last balance sheet and the date of the partner’s death. Since, it is considered cumbersome to close the books and prepare final account, for the period, the deceased partner’s share of profit may be calculated on the basis of last year’s profit (or average of past few years) or on the basis of sales.

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

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Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Death of a Partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy Ratios in connection with retirement of a partner

Karnataka class 12 commerce Accountancy CH4 PARTNERSHIP ACCOUNTS RETIREMENT AND DEATH OF A partner

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