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IFRS Basic requirements for disclosure in IAS 27 Finical statement

IFRS Basic requirements for disclosure in IAS 27 Finical statement : Scope

This Standard shall be applied in the preparation and presentation of consolidated financial statements for a group of entities under the control of a parent.

This Standard does not deal with methods of accounting for business combinations and their effects on consolidation, including goodwill arising on a business combination (see IFRS 3 Business Combinations).

This Standard shall also be applied in accounting for investments in subsidiaries, jointly controlled entities and associates when an entity elects, or is required by local regulations, to present separate financial statements.

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IFRS Basic requirements for disclosure in IAS 27 Finical statement

IFRS Basic requirements for disclosure in IAS 27 Finical statement

IFRS Basic requirements for disclosure in IAS 27 Finical statement: Definitions

The following terms are used in this Standard with the meanings specified: Consolidated financial statements are the financial statements of a group presented as those of a single economic entity. Control is the power to govern the financial and operating policies of an entity so as to obtain benefits from its activities. A group is a parent and all its subsidiaries.

Non-controlling interest is the equity in a subsidiary not attributable, directly or indirectly, to a parent. A parent is an entity that has one or more subsidiaries. Separate financial statements are those presented by a parent, an investor in an associate or a venturer in a jointly controlled entity, in which the investments are accounted for on the basis of the direct equity interest rather than on the basis of the reported results and net assets of the investees. A subsidiary is an entity, including an unincorporated entity such as a partnership, that is controlled by another entity (known as the parent).

A parent or its subsidiary may be an investor in an associate or a venturer in a jointly controlled entity. In such cases, consolidated financial statements prepared and presented in accordance with this Standard are also prepared so as to comply with IAS 28 Investments in Associates and IAS 31 Interests in Joint Ventures.

For an entity described, separate financial statements are those prepared and presented in addition to the financial statements  Separate financial statements need not be appended to, or accompany, those statements.

The financial statements of an entity that does not have a subsidiary, associate or venturer’s interest in a jointly controlled entity are not separate financial statements.

A parent that is exempted from presenting consolidated financial statements may present separate financial statements as its only financial statements.

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IFRS Basic requirements for disclosure in IAS 27 Finical statement” Scope of consolidated financial statements

Consolidated financial statements shall include all subsidiaries of the parent.Control is presumed to exist when the parent owns, directly or indirectly through subsidiaries, more than half of the voting power of an entity unless, in exceptional circumstances, it can be clearly demonstrated that such ownership does not constitute control. Control also exists when the parent owns half or less of the voting power of an entity when there is:

 (a) power over more than half of the voting rights by virtue of an agreement with other investors;

(b) power to govern the financial and operating policies of the entity under a statute or an agreement;

(c) power to appoint or remove the majority of the members of the board of directors or equivalent governing body and control of the entity is by that board or body; or

(d) power to cast the majority of votes at meetings of the board of directors or equivalent governing body and control of the entity is by that board or body.

IFRS Basic requirements for disclosure in IAS 27 Finical statement

An entity may own share warrants, share call options, debt or equity instruments that are convertible into ordinary shares, or other similar instruments that have the potential, if exercised or converted, to give the entity voting power or reduce another party’s voting power over the financial and operating policies of another entity (potential voting rights).

The existence and effect of potential voting rights that are currently exerciser or convertible, including potential voting rights held by another entity, are considered when assessing whether an entity has the power to govern the financial and operating policies of another entity. Potential voting rights are not currently exerciser or convertible when, for example, they cannot be exercised or converted until a future date or until the occurrence of a future event.

In assessing whether potential voting rights contribute to control, the entity examines all facts and circumstances (including the terms of exercise of the potential voting rights and any other contractual

IFRS Basic requirements for disclosure in IAS 27 Finical statement: Disclosure

Disclosure :An entity shall apply all applicable IFRSs when providing disclosures in its separate financial statements. When a parent, in accordance with IFRS 10, elects not to prepare consolidated financial statements and instead prepares separate financial statements, it shall disclose in those separate financial statements:
(a) the fact that the financial statements are separate financial statements; that the exemption from consolidation has been used; the name and principal place of business (and country of
incorporation, if different) of the entity whose consolidated financial statements that comply with International Financial Reporting Standards have been produced for public use; and the address where those consolidated financial statements are obtainable.
(b) a list of significant investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates, including:
  (i) the name of those investees.
  (ii) the principal place of business (and country of
incorporation, if different) of those investees.
  (iii) its proportion of the ownership interest (and its proportion
of the voting rights, if different) held in those investees.

When an investment entity that is a parent prepares, separate financial statements as its only financial statements, it shall disclose that fact. The investment entity shall also present the disclosures relating to
investment entities required by IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities.

IFRS Basic requirements for disclosure in IAS 27 Finical statement

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