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ICSI CSEET Paper 2 Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning notes

ICSI CSEET Paper 2 Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning notes

Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning notes:

ICSI CSEET: The Council of the ICSI has released a notice regarding CSEET on the day of the inauguration of ICSI Golden Jubilee Celebrations on 4th Oct 2017.

The Gazette Notification on the Company Secretaries (Amendment) Regulations, 2020 has been published on 3rd February 2020 in the Official Gazette of India and the same shall be applicable from the said date of publication.

Now ICSI Published a notice regarding CSEET Test which going to start from 2020 May.

We are now going to discuss the details of CSEET Paper-2 Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning notes.

Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning notes

Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning notes

Objective: To test basic understanding of Laws, Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning skills.

Total Marks– 50
Part A- Legal Aptitude (25 marks)

Part-B – Logical Reasoning (25 marks)

Sl.noTopicsub topicLinks
Part A- Legal Aptitude (25 marks)
1Indian ConstitutionIndian Constitution PreambleCheck Here
Indian CitizenshipCheck Here
Fundamental rights & Fundamental DutiesCheck Here
Directive Principles of State PolicyCheck Here
State under the ConstitutionCheck Here
President and GovernorsCheck Here
Council of Ministers and Prime MinisterCheck Here
Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and Legislative Assembly, Legislative CouncilCheck Here
Supreme Court and High CourtsCheck Here
Landmark Amendment in ConstitutionCheck Here
List of subjects-Centre, State and ConcurrentCheck Here
2

 Elements of General Laws       (Indian Contract Act and Law of
Torts)

A. Law of Contract
Offer, Acceptance, Consideration, and Competency to Contract.Check Here
AgreementCheck Here
Types of Contract: Void, Voidable, UnenforceableCheck Here
Performance of ContractCheck Here
Frustration of ContractCheck Here
Quasi ContractCheck Here
Breach of Contract and RemediesCheck Here
B.   Law of Torts 
Basics of TortsCheck Here
Specific DefensesCheck Here
Nuisance and NegligenceCheck Here
Strict, Absolute and Vicarious LiabilityCheck Here
TrespassCheck Here
Malicious ProsecutionCheck Here
3Elements of Company Secretaries
Legislation
The Institute of Company Secretaries of IndiaCheck Here
Vision, Mission, Motto and Core Values of the InstituteCheck Here
Company Secretary under Company Secretaries Act,
1980.
Check Here
Functions of Company Secretary under the Companies
Act, 2013
Check Here
Role of Company Secretary in EmploymentCheck Here
Role of Company Secretary in PracticeCheck Here
4Elements of Company LawMeaning and Nature of CompanyCheck Here
Types of CompaniesCheck Here
Incorporation of a CompanyCheck Here
Types of capitalCheck Here
Board of Directors -(Concept, Appointment and
Removal of Directors)
Check Here
Board Meetings & Shareholders MeetingsCheck Here
Corporate Social ResponsibilityCheck Here
Business EthicsCheck Here
Ethical DilemmaCheck Here
5Legal Reasoning
Legal Terminology and MaximsCheck Here
Legal Reasoning-
(a) Reasoning by Analogy
(b) Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Check Here
Questions of Fact (or factual issues)Check Here
Questions of Law (or legal issues)Check Here
Landmark Judgments of Supreme Court and HighCheck Here
Reading ComprehensionCheck Here
Part-B – Logical Reasoning (25 marks)
6Logical ReasoningCalendarsCheck Here
Cause and Effect ReasoningCheck Here
ClocksCheck Here
Coding and DecodingCheck Here
Deriving Conclusion from PassagesCheck Here
Drawing InferenceCheck Here
Number TestCheck Here
Sequence and SeriesCheck Here
Statement and AssumptionsCheck Here 
    
7Verbal ReasoningAlphabet TestCheck Here
Alpha Numeric Sequence PuzzleCheck Here
AnalogyCheck Here
Assertion and ReasonCheck Here
Blood RelationsCheck Here
Decision MakingCheck Here
Inserting Missing CharactersCheck Here
Logical Sequence TestCheck Here
Logical Venn DiagramCheck Here
Number, Ranking and Time Sequence TestCheck Here
SyllogismCheck Here
Truth Tellers and LiarsCheck Here
    
8Non-Verbal ReasoningAnalytical ReasoningCheck Here
ClassificationCheck Here
Completion of Incomplete PatternCheck Here
Figure MatrixCheck Here
Grouping of Identical FiguresCheck Here
Mirror ImageCheck Here
Rule DetectionCheck Here
Numeric and Alphabet SeriesCheck Here

Sample Questions of Indian Constitution:-

  1. Right to Life is a __________

(A)  Fundamental Right

(B)  Fundamental Duties

(C)  Directive principle

(D)  Legal Right

  1. Total strength of Judges in the Supreme Court of India __________

(A)  25

(B)  30

(C)  31

(D)  34

  1. The total number of ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Central Council of Ministers shall not exceed __________ of the total strength of the Lok Sabha-

(A)  10%

(B)  15%

(C)  20%

(D)  25%

  1. Which of the following is not a writ-

(A)  Habeas corpus

(B)  Mandamus

(C)  Quo warranto

(D)  Warrant

  1. Which of the following State having Legislative Council ?

(A) Manipur

(b) Odisha

(C)  Telengana

(D)  Jharkhand

Sample Questions of  Elements of General Laws:

Part-A : law of contract

  1. Law of contract is a:

(a)   Criminal Law

(b)   Civil Law

(c)   International Law

(d)   Disputed Laws

  1. When an offer is accepted by other party, it becomes:

(a)   Proposal

(b)   Contract

(c)   Agreement

(d)   Promise

  1. Which one among the following is not an essential in the formation of contract?

(a)   Offer

(b)   Acceptance

(c)   Consideration

(d)   Damages.

  1. A void agreement means:

(a)   Agreement not enforceable by law

(b)   Agreement illegal in nature

(c)   Agreement not acceptable to Court of law

(d)   Agreement violating legal procedure.

  1. A contract to which a minor is a party, is known as:

(a)   Void ab initio

(b)   Voidable at the option of minor

(c)   Voidable at the option of other party

(d)        Valid

Part-Blaw of Tort

  1. Tort is a species of:

(a)   Criminal wrong

(b)   Breach of contract

(c)   Civil wrong

(d)   Moral wrong.

  1. The Law of Torts has largely developed through:

(a)   Judicial decisions

(b)   Customs

(c)   Legislations

(d)   None of the above

  1. The law of torts deals with:

(a)   Defamation

(b)   Trespass

(c)   Negligence

(d)   All of the above.

  1. In tort, the remedy is:

(a)   Liquidated damages

(b)   Unliquidated damages

(c)   Punishment

(d)   Judicial review.

  1. When master is held liable for the wrongful acts of his servant, the liability is called:

(a)   Vicarious liability

(b)   Strict liability

(c)   Tortuous liability

(d)   Absolute liability

Sample Questions of Elements of Company Secretaries Legislation:

  1. The ‘Vision’ of the Institute of Company Secretaries of India is

(a)   to promote good Corporate Governance

(b)   to be a global leader in promoting Good Corporate Governance

(c)   to develop high calibre professionals facilitating good Corporate Governance

(d)   to be a global leader in Governance

  1. Which of the following is/are “Mission” of ICSI?

(a)   Creating Brand ICSI

(b)   to develop high calibre professionals facilitating good Corporate Governance

(c)   to develop globalisation of professions of Company Secretaries

(d)   All of the above

  1. The Institute of Company Secretaries of India was constituted as a statutory body in the year

(a)   1975

(b)   1979

(c)   1980

(d)   1982

  1. Which of the following are the functions of the Institute of Company Secretaries of India?

(a)   Examination of the of the Student

(b)   Regulation of Training of the Students

(c)   Conduct of elections to the Council of the Institute

(d)   All of the above

  1. A Company Secretary in Practice can appear as ‘Authorised Representative’ before-

(a)   Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA)

(b)   Competition Commission of India (CCI)

(c)   National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT)

(d)   All of the above.

Sample Questions of Elements of Company Law:

  1. First Clause in Memorandum of Association of company is:

(i)    Situation Clause

(ii)   Name Clause

(iii)   Liability Clause

(iv)  Capital Clause

  1. Which of the following contains the regulations for management of the company?

(i)    Memorandum of Association

(ii)   Certificate of commencement of business

(iii)  Articles of Association

(iv)  Incorporation Certificate

  1. The supreme executive authority controlling the management and affairs of a company vests in

(i)    Managing Director

(ii)   Whole-time Director

(iii)  Board of Directors

(iv)  Independent Director

  1. Which of the following is/are the characteristic(s) of a company?

(i)    Perpetual Succession

(ii)   Corporate Personality

(iii)   Separate Property

(iv)  All of the above

  1. Maximum number of members in a private company is:

(i)    50

(ii)   100

(iii)   150

(iv)  200

Sample Questions of Non-Verbal Reasoning

Sample Questions

Exercise 1

Likewise, HEARTEN would be coded as BFIQOFU.

  1. In a certain code, TRIPPLE is written as SQHOOKD. How is DISPOSE written in that code?

(a)   CPNCBX

(b)   CPNCBZ

(c)   CPOCBZ

(d)   None of these.

  1. If in a certain code, COULD is written as BNTKC and MARGIN is written as LZQFHM, how will MOULDING be written in that code?

(a)   CHMFINTK

(b)   LNKTCHMF

(c)   LNTKCHMF

(d)   NITKHCMF.

  1. In a certain code, MONKEY is written as XDJMNL. How is TIGER written in that code?

(a)   QDFHS

(b)   SDFHS

(c)   SHFDQ

(d)   UJHFS.

  1. If VICTORY is coded as YLFWRUB, how can SUCCESS be coded?

(a)   VXEEIVV

(b)   VXFFHVV

(c)   VYEEHVV

(d)   VYEFIVV.

  1. In a certain code TOGETHER is written as RQEGRJCT. In the same code PAROLE will be written as

(a)   NCPQJG

(b)   NCQPJG

(c)   RCPQJK

(d)   RCTQNG.

  1. If in a certain code COUNSEL is written as BITIRAK, how will GUIDANCE be written in that code?

(a)   EOHYZKBB

(b)   FOHYZJBB

(c)   FPHZZKAB

(d)   HOHYBJBA.

  1. In a code, CORNER is written as GSVRIV How will CENTRAL be written in that code?

(a)   DFOUSBM

(b)   GIRXVEP

(c)   GJRYVEP

(d)   GNFJKER.

  1. If BEAUTY is coded as “DHEZZF”, then how will “FLOWER” be written in that language?

(a)   HSOBYK

(b)   HBOSKY

(c)   HOSBKY

(d)   SBKYOH.

  1. According to a code CERTAIN is written as XVIGZRM, how will MUNDANE be coded?

(a)   MFHXZMV

(b)   NFMWZMV

(c)   NFMWZMX

(d)   VMZWMFN.

  1. If CIGARETTE is coded as GICERAETT, then DIRECTION will be coded as

(a)   RIDTCENOI

(b)   NORTECDII

(c)   NOIETCRID

(d)   IRDCTIONE.

  1. In a certain code language the word DIPLOMA is written as FERHQIC. How will the word FOREIGN be written in that code?

(a)   HJTAKCP

(b)   HKTALCP

(c)   HKTAKCP

(d)   HKTAKBP.

  1. In a certain code language CREATIVE is written as BDSBFUJS. How is TRIANGLE written in that code?

(a)   BSHSFHKM

(b)   BHSSMHHF

(c)   BSSHFMKH

(d)   BHSSFKHM

  1. In a certain code language POETRY is written as QONDSQX and OVER is written as PNUDQ. How is MORE written in that code?

(a)   NNNQD

(b)   NLPQD

(c)   NLNQD

(d)   LNNQD.

  1. In certain code ELECTION is written as GLGCVIQN, then VOTER will be coded as

(a)   XOVET

(b)   VOXET

(c)   WPUFU

(d)   VQTGR.

  1. If BEAUTY is coded as “DHEZZF”, then how will “FLOWER” be written in that language?

(a)   HSOBYK

(b)   HBOSKY

(c)   HOSBKY

(d)   SBKYOH

Type 2 : Number Coding

In these questions, either numerical code values are assigned to a word or alphabetical code letters are assigned to a number. The candidate is required to analyse the code as per the directions.

Examples:

  1. If PAINT is coded as 74128 and EXCEL is coded as 93596, then how would you code ACCEPT?

(a)   455978

(b)   547978

(c)   554978

(d)   735961.

Solution

In the given code, the letters are coded as follows.

P A I N T E X C L

7 4 1 2 8 9 3 5 6

So in ACCEPT, A is coded as 4, C as 5, E as 9 and so on.

Therefore answer is (a).

  1. If D = 4 and COVER = 63, then BASIS = ?

(a)   49

(b)   50

(c)   54

(d)   55

 

Sample Questions

Exercise 2

  1. If in a certain code, BEAUTIFUL is coded as 573041208, BUTTER as 504479, how is FUTURE coded in that code?

(a)   201497

(b)   204097

(c)   704092

(d)   204079.

  1. In a certain code, 5 is coded as Z, 7 as E, 2 as S, 9 as T, and 4 as W. How is 977452 coded in that code

(a)   SEEWZT

(b)   TEEWZS

(c)   ZEEWST

(d)   WEEZST.

  1. In a certain language, if A is coded as 1, B is coded as 2, and so on, how is STAR coded in that language?

(a)   1810291

(b)   9120118

(c)   1920118

(d)   1920811.

  1. In a certain code, if SCHOOL is coded as 123445, TEAM as 6078, how is HOTEL coded in that code?

(a)   34605

(b)   43605

(c)   60734

(d)   34785.

  1. In a certain code, if BOX is coded as 213, BITTER as 207749, how is BOXER coded in that code?

(a)   21359

(b)   23159

(c)   23149

(d)   21349.

  1. If ROSE is coded as 6821, CHAIR is coded as 73456 and PREACH is coded as 961473, what will be the code for SEARCH?

(a)   246173

(b)   214673

(c)   214763

(d)   216473.

  1. In a certain code language, QUEUE is written as Q 22, and CHURCH is written as 1UR 1. Which of the following would be most appropriate code for BANANA in that language?

(a)   B5A5

(b)   5N5A

(c)   B55A

(d)   BA5A5A.

  1. If PERFECT is coded as “116” then how will COMPACT be written in that code?

(a)   85

(b)   111

(c)   98

(d)   118.

  1. If ACNE is coded as 3, 7, 29, 11, then BOIL will be coded as

(a)   5, 31,21,25

(b)   5, 31, 19, 25

(c)   5, 29, 19, 25

(d)   5, 29, 19, 27.

  1. If FLARE is coded as 21, 15, 26, 9, 22, how will BREIF be coded in the same language?

(a)   25, 9, 22, 21, 18

(b)   5, 37, 11, 19, 13

(c)   13, 19, 11,37, 5

(d)   25, 9, 22, 18, 21.

Series

This deals with the questions in which series of numbers or alphabetical letters are given, which are generally called terms of the series. These terms follow a certain pattern throughout.

The candidate is required to recognize this pattern and either complete the given series with the most suitable alternative or find the wrong term in the series.

Type 1: Number Series

Important Patterns:

(1)   a, a ± d, a ± 2d, a ± 3d,……….

(2)   a, ak, ak2, ak3,……….

(3)   a, a/k, a/k2, a/k3,……….

(4)   (a)n, (a ± d)n, (a ± 2d)n, (a ± 3d)n,……….

(5)   an + k, (a + k)n + k, [(an + k)]n + k,……….

(6)   an + k, (a + 1)n + k, (a + 2)n + k,……….

(7)   1n, 1n + 2n, 1n + 2n + 3n, 1n + 2 n + 3 n + 4 n,……….

(8)   Series of prime numbers i.e. 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, etc.

Example

  1. Which number would replace question mark in the series 7, 12, 19, ?, 39.

(a)   29

(b)   28

(c)   26

(d)   24

Solution

The given sequence follows the pattern:

+ 5, + 7, + 9….. i.e. 7 + 5 = 12

12 + 7 = 19, ……….

∴ Missing number = 19 + 9 = 28

Hence, answer is (b).

  1. Find out the missing number in the following sequence:

1,3, 3, 6, 7, 9, ?, 12, 21

(a)   10

(b)   11

(c)   12

(d)   13.

Solution:

The given sequence is a combination of two series

  1. 1, 3, 7, ?, 21 and
  2. 3, 6, 9, 12

The pattern followed in I is + 2, + 4,……….; and the pattern followed in II is + 3.

Thus, missing number = 7 + 6 = 13.

Hence, the answer is (d).

 

Sample Questions

Exercise 3

Directions: (Qs. 1-22) Find the missing number in the series.

  1. 3, 4, 12, 48, ………., 27648

(a)   488

(b)   576

(c)   492

(d)   528.

  1. 19, 2, 38, 3, 114, 4, ……….

(a)   228

(b)   256

(c)   352

(d)   456.

  1. 95, 115.5, 138, ………., 189

(a)   154.5

(b)   162.5

(c)   164.5

(d)   166.5.

  1. 11, 22, 35, 50, ………., 86

(a)   80

(b)   67

(c)   68

(d)   70.

  1. 1,4, 9, 16, 25, ……….

(a)   35

(b)   36

(c)   48

(d)   49.

  1. 20, 19, 17, ………., 10, 5

(a)   12

(b)   13

(c)   14

(d)   15.

  1. 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, ………., 17

(a)   12

(b)   13

(c)   14

(d)   15.

  1. 1, 5, 15, 19, 57, ……….

(a)   65

(b)   59

(c)   63

(d)   61.

  1. 2, 5, 9, 19, 37, ……….

(a)   76

(b)   75

(c)   74

(d)   72.

  1. 345, 534, 264, 804, ……….

(a)   552

(b)   662

(c)   442

(d)   384.

  1. 363, 275, 484, 891, ……….

(a)   393

(b)   582

(c)   211

(d)   286.

  1. 5, 17, 37, 65, ………., 145

(a)   95

(b)   97

(c)   99

(d)   101.

  1. 9, 11, 20, 31, ………., 82

(a)   41

(b)   51

(c)   60

(d)   71.

  1. 3, 10, 101, ……….

(a)   10101

(b)   10201

(c)   10202

(d)   11012.

  1. 1, 2, 8, 24, ………., 864

(a)   96

(b)   120

(c)   206

(d)   21

Answers

Exercise 1

  1. (d); T R I P P L E

S Q H O O K D

-1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1

Each letter in TRIPPLE is moved one step backward to obtain the corresponding letter of the code.

D I S P O S E

-1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1

C H R O N R D

Similarly moving each letter of DISPOSE one step backward, the coded word is CHRONRD, which is not among the options. Hence (d)

  1. (c); C O U L D M A R G I N

B N T K C L Z Q F H M

-1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1

Moving letters of MOULDING one step backward, we get LNTKCHMF. Hence (c).

  1. (a); Each letter of word MONKEY is written in reverse order i.e. YEKNOM and then each letter is moved one step backward to get X DJMNL. Writing TIGER in reverse order, we get REGIT. Moving one step backward we get QDFHS.

4     (b); Each letter in the word VICTORY is moved two steps forward i.e. V becomes Y I becomes

L, C becomes F and so on. Similarly, Success becomes VXFFHVV.

  1. (a); T O G E T H E R

R Q E G R J C T

-2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2

Each letter in TOGETHER is alternatively moved two steps backward and two steps forward. In the same code PAROLE will be written as NCPQJG.

  1. (b); The word COUNSEL is divided into two separate parts. Each alternate letter starting with C is moved one step backward and remaining letters are respectively moved five, four and three steps backward.

Thus

C B, O I, U T, N I, S R, E A and C K

In the same manner G F, U O, I H and so on.

  1. (b); Each letter in the word CORNER is moved four steps forward to get GSVRIV. Moving each letter of CENTRAL four steps forward, we get GIRXVEP.
  2. (c); Each letter in JOSEPH is moved four steps backward. Similarly GEORGE is coded as CAKNCA.
  3. (b); In the English alphabet, C is third letter from the left and X is the third letter from the right. Similarly E and V are the fifth letters from left and right respectively.
  4. (a); The word CIGARETTE is divided into 3 groups of 3 letters each.

CIG – ARE – TTE. In each group, the first and third letters are interchanged. So the code becomes GICERAETT. Similarly working for DIR – ECT – ION, we get RIDTCENOI. Hence (a).

  1. (c); The letters in DIPLOMA are alternatively moved two steps forward and four steps backward.

Alphabets and Series 33

© Universal Institute of Legal Studies

  1. (d); Step 1: The word Creative is divided into two parts CREA and Tive.

Step 2: In each sub-word, the first letter is replaced with fourth and second with third. So, we get AERC and EVIT.

Steps 3: Each letter is now moved one step forward and one step backward to get BDSBFUJS. Similarly working for TRIANGLE we get BHSSFKHM.

  1. (c); In both the words POETRY and OVER, each letter is moved one step backward to get ONDSQX and NUDQ respectively. Then the first letter of the original word is moved one step forward and added on the left to get QONDSQX and PNUDQ.
  2. (a); The letters in the word ELECTION are alternatively moved two steps forward and left unchanged. Thus E G, L remains unchanged, E G, C C, T V, I I, O Q, N N.

In VOTER.

V X, O O, T V E E, R T

  1. (c); B E A U T Y

+2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7

D H E Z Z F

Similarly

F L O W E R

+2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7

H O S B K Y

Exercise 2

  1. (b); As given the letter are coded as:

B E A U T I F U L

5 7 3 0 4 1 2 0 8

So in FUTURE, F is coded as 2, U as 0, T as 4, R as 9 and E as 7. Therefore, FUTURE is coded as 204097.

Hence, the answer is (b).

As F = 2, (c) is eliminated. Again as the second digit of the other three choices is same, then check for the third, fourth and fifth digit which gives (b) as the answer.

  1. (b); 977452 is coded as TEEWZS. Hence, the answer is (b).
  2. (c); S 19 T 20 A 1 R 18. Hence, code is 1920118.
  3. (a); S C H O O L T E A M

1 2 3 4 4 5 6 0 7 8

Hence HOTEL 34605

  1. (d); B O X B I T T E R

2 1 3 2 0 7 7 4 9

Hence BOXER 21349

  1. (b); From the coding pattern, it is clear that codes for S, E, A, R, C and H are 2, 1, 4, 6, 7 and 3, respectively as letters of the word are directly substituted.
  2. (c); Similar pairs of letters have been given the same numeric in each word. As a result pair UE in word QUEUE has been coded 2, pair CH has been coded 1 and likewise the pair An has been coded 5. Hence, the word BANANA would be coded as B55A.
  3. (d); In the given code A = 26, B = 25, C = 24 and so on.

So PERFECT 11 + 22 + 9 + 21 + 22 + 24 + 7 116

Similarly

COMPACT 24 + 12 + 14 + 11 + 26 + 24 + 7 118

i.e., opposite value concept.

  1. (b); (2n+1) is the coding pattern used, where n = position of the alphabet in the alphabetical order.
  2. (d); Numbers in the coding show the positions of the respective letters from the end of the alphabetical series.

Exercise 3

  1. (b); 3 x 4 = 12

4 x 12 = 48

Similarly 12 x 48 = 576

Also 576 x 48 = 27648

  1. (d); The sequence is a combination of two series:
  2. 19, 38, 114, ….. and II. 2, 3, 4

The pattern followed in I is × 2, × 3, ……….

∴ The missing no. = 114 × 4 = 456

  1. (b); The pattern is + 20.5, + 22.5, ……….

∴ Missing term = 138 + 24.5 = 162.5

  1. (b); The given sequence follows the pattern:

+ 11, +13, +15 … i.e. 11 + 11 = 22, 22 + 13 = 35

35 + 15 = 50

∴ Missing number = 50 + 17 = 67

Hence, the answer is (b).

  1. (b); The numbers are 12, 22, 32, 42, 52.

∴ Missing number = 62 = 36.

  1. (c); The pattern is -1, -2, …..

∴ Missing number = 17 – 3 = 14.

  1. (b); Clearly, the given series consists of prime numbers starting from 2. The prime number after 11 is 13. So, 13 is the missing number.
  2. (d); The pattern is

1 + 4 = 5

5 x 3 = 15

15 + 4 = 19

19 x 3 = 57

Hence the next number in the series should be 57 + 4 = 61.

9     (b); The pattern is x2+1, x2-1, x2+1, x2-1, …..

∴ Missing number = 37 x 2 + 1 = 75.

  1. (a); 3 + 4 + 5 = 12

5 + 3 + 4 = 12

2 + 6 + 4 = 12

8 + 0 + 4 = 12

So, 5 + 5 + 2 = 12.

11. (d); The numbers are 22 + 1,42 + 1,62 + 1,82 + 1, …, 122 + 1.

∴ Missing number = 102 + 1 = 101.

12. (b); Each term in the series is the sum of the preceding two terms.

∴ Missing number = 20 + 31 = 51.

13. (c); Each term in the series is obtained by adding 1 to the square of the preceding term.

So, missing term

= (101)2 + 1 = 10202

14.(d); The series is x 2; x 22; x 3; x 32; x 4; x 42

So correct answer would be (24 x 32) = 216

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