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How to Defend a company in a Takeover Bid

How to Defend a company in a Takeover Bid

The speed with which a hostile takeover is attempted puts the target Company at a disadvantage. One of observations on the prevailing regulations pertaining to takeover is that, there is very little scope for a target company to defend itself in a takeover battle. Defensive Tactics:

A target company can adopt a number of tactics to defend itself from hostile takeover through a tender offer.
a) Divestiture: In a divestiture the target company divests or spins off some of its businesses in the form of an independent, subsidiary company. Thus, reducing the attractiveness of the existing business to the acquirer.
b) Crown jewels: When a target company uses the tactic of divestiture it is said to sell the crown jewels. In some countries such as the UK, such tactic is not allowed once the deal becomes known and is unavoidable.
c) Poison pill: Sometimes an acquiring company itself becomes a target when it is bidding for another company. The tactics used by the acquiring company to make itself unattractive to a potential bidder is called poison pills. For instance, the acquiring company may issue substantial amount of convertible debentures to its existing shareholders to be converted at a future date when it faces a takeover threat. The task of the bidder would become difficult since the number of shares to having voting control of the company increases substantially.
d) Poison Put: In this case the target company issue bonds that encourage holder to cash in at higher prices. The resultant cash drainage would make the target unattractive.

How to Defend a company in a Takeover Bid

e) Greenmail: Greenmail refers to an incentive offered by management of the target company to the potential bidder for not pursuing the takeover. The management of the target company may offer the acquirer for its shares a price higher than the market price.
f) White knight: In this a target company offers to be acquired by a friendly company to escape from a hostile takeover. The possible motive for the management of the target company to do so is not to lose the management of the company. The hostile acquirer may change the management.
g) White squire: This strategy is essentially the same as white knight and involves sell out of shares to a company that is not interested in the takeover. As a consequence, the management of the target company retains its control over the company.
h) Golden parachutes: When a company offers hefty compensations to its managers if they get ousted due to takeover, the company is id to offer golden parachutes. This reduces their resistance to takeover.
i) Pac-man defense: This strategy aims at the target company making a counter bid for the acquirer company. This would force the acquirer to defend itself and consequently may call off its proposal for takeover.

How to Defend a company in a Takeover Bid

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How to Defend a company in a Takeover Bid

How to Defend a company in a Takeover Bid

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