Formal and informal structure for Organisational Theory and Behaviour Mcom sem 1 Delhi University
Formal and informal structure for Organisational Theory and Behaviour MCOM sem 1 Delhi University:- we will provide complete details of formal and informal structure for Organisational Theory and Behaviour MCOM sem 1 Delhi University in this article.www.cakart.inl structure for Organisational Theory and Behaviour MCOM sem 1 Delhi University
formal and informal structure for Organisational Theory and Behaviour Mcom sem 1 Delhi University:-Formal Organisation
When the managers are carrying on organising process then as a result of organising process an organisational structure is created to achieve systematic working and efficient utilization of resources. This type of structure is known as formal organisational structure.
Formal organisational structure clearly spells out the job to be performed by each individual, the authority, responsibility assigned to every individual, the superior- subordinate relationship and the designation of every individual in the organisation. This structure is created intentionally by the managers for achievement of organisational goal.
formal and informal structure for Organisational Theory and Behaviour Mcom sem 1 Delhi University:-Features of Formal organisation
(1) The formal organisational structure is created intentionally by the process of organising.
(2) The purpose of formal organisation structure is achievement of organisational goal.
(3) In formal organisational structure each individual is assigned a specific job.
(4) In formal organisation every individual is assigned a fixed authority or decision-making power.
(5) Formal organisational structure results in creation of superior-subordinate relations.
(6) Formal organisational structure creates a scalar chain of communication in the organisation.
formal and informal structure for Organisational Theory and Behaviour Mcom sem 1 Delhi University:-Advantages of Formal Organisation
1. Systematic Working:
Formal organisation structure results in systematic and smooth functioning of an organisation.
2. Achievement of Organisational Objectives:
Formal organisational structure is established to achieve organisational objectives.
3. No Overlapping of Work:
In formal organisation structure work is systematically divided among various departments and employees. So there is no chance of duplication or overlapping of work.
Formal organisational structure results in coordinating the activities of various departments.
5. Creation of Chain of Command:
Formal organisational structure clearly defines superior subordinate relationship, i.e., who reports to whom.
6. More Emphasis on Work:
Formal organisational structure lays more emphasis on work than interpersonal relations.
formal and informal structure for Organisational Theory and Behaviour Mcom sem 1 Delhi University:-Disadvantages of Formal Organisation
1. Delay in Action:
While following scalar chain and chain of command actions get delayed in formal structure.
2. Ignores Social Needs of Employees:
Formal organisational structure does not give importance to psychological and social need of employees which may lead to demotivation of employees.
3. Emphasis on Work Only:
Formal organisational structure gives importance to work only; it ignores human relations, creativity, talents, etc.
formal and informal structure for Organisational Theory and Behaviour Mcom sem 1 Delhi University:-Informal Organisation
In the formal organisational structure individuals are assigned various job positions. While working at those job positions, the individuals interact with each other and develop some social and friendly groups in the organisation. This network of social and friendly groups forms another structure in the organisation which is called informal organisational structure.
The informal organisational structure gets created automatically and the main purpose of such structure is getting psychological satisfaction. The existence of informal structure depends upon the formal structure because people working at different job positions interact with each other to form informal structure and the job positions are created in formal structure. So, if there is no formal structure, there will be no job position, there will be no people working at job positions and there will be no informal structure.
Features of informal organisation:
(1) Informal organisational structure gets created automatically without any intended efforts of managers.
(2) Informal organisational structure is formed by the employees to get psychological satisfaction.
(3) Informal organisational structure does not follow any fixed path of flow of authority or communication.
(4) Source of information cannot be known under informal structure as any person can communicate with anyone in the organisation.
(5) The existence of informal organisational structure depends on the formal organisation structure.
Advantages of Informal Organisation:
1. Fast Communication:
Informal structure does not follow scalar chain so there can be faster spread of communication.
2. Fulfills Social Needs:
Informal communication gives due importance to psychological and social need of employees which motivate the employees.
3. Correct Feedback:
Through informal structure the top level managers can know the real feedback of employees on various policies and plans.
Strategic Use of Informal Organisation. Informal organisation can be used to get benefits in the formal organisation in the following way:
1. The knowledge of informal group can be used to gather support of employees and improve their performance.
2. Through grapevine important information can be transmitted quickly.
3. By cooperating with the informal groups the managers can skillfully take the advantage of both formal and informal organisations.
Disadvantages of Informal organisation:
1. Spread Rumours:
According to a survey 70% of information spread through informal organisational structure are rumors which may mislead the employees.
2. No Systematic Working:
Informal structure does not form a structure for smooth working of an organisation.
3. May Bring Negative Results:
If informal organisation opposes the policies and changes of management, then it becomes very difficult to implement them in organisation.
4. More Emphasis to Individual Interest:
Informal structure gives more importance to satisfaction of individual interest as compared to organisational interest.
formal and informal structure for Organisational Theory and Behaviour Mcom sem 1 Delhi University:-Key Differences Between Formal and Informal Organization
The difference between formal and informal organisation can be drawn clearly on the following grounds:
- Formal Organization is an organisation in which job of each member is clearly defined, whose authority, responsibility and accountability are fixed. Informal Organization is formed within the formal organisation as a network of interpersonal relationship when people interact with each other.
- Formal organisation is created deliberately by top management. Conversely, informal organisation is formed spontaneously by members.
- Formal organisation is aimed at fulfilling organisation’s objectives. As opposed to an informal organisation is created to satisfy their social and psychological needs.
- Formal organisation is permanent in nature; it continues for a long time. On the other hand, informal organisation is temporary in nature.
- The formal organisation follows official communication, i.e. the channels of communication are pre-defined. Unlike informal organisation, the communication flows in any direction.
- In the formal organisation, the rules and regulations are supposed to be followed by every member. In contrast to informal communication, there are norms, values, and beliefs, that work as a control mechanism.
- In the formal organisation, the focus is on the performance of work while in the case of an informal organisation, interpersonal communication is given more emphasis.
- The size of a formal organisation keeps on increasing, whereas the size of the informal organisation is small.
- In a formal organisation, all the members are bound by the hierarchical structure, but all the members of an informal organisation are equal.
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