class 12 commerce sample paper
class 12 commerce sample paper:- we provide complete details of class 12 commerce sample paper in this article.
class 12 commerce sample paper – complete details
class 12 commerce sample paper;-CBSE Class 12 business studies question paper
class 12 commerce sample paper:-General Instructions :
(1) All questions from 1 to 5 are of 2 marks and should be answered in 10 to 20 words.
(2) All questions from 6 to 10 are of 3 marks and should be answered in 20 to 30 words.
(3) All questions from 7 to 15 are of 4 marks and should be answered in 40 to 50 words.
(4) All questions from 16 to 21 are of 5 marks and should be answered in 60 to 70 words.
(5) All questions from 22 to 24 are of 6 marks and should be answered in 100 words.
(6) Attempt all parts of a question together
class 12 commerce sample paper:-Questions:
1. State any two functions of top-level management. [2 Mark]
2. What is meant by ‘economic environment’ of business ? [2 Mark]
3. Enumerate any two features of directing. [2 Mark]
4. What is meant by production concept of marketing ? [2 Mark]
5. How does marketing help a firm to build goodwill in the market ? [2 Mark]
6. An organisation follows the principles of management. What are the positive effects of each of the following principles of management on the organisation ? [3 Mark]
(i) Scalar chain
(ii) Equity, and
(iii) Division of work
7. How does motivation improve the efficiency of workers in an organisation ? Give any three [3 Mark]points
8. “All managers are leaders, but all leaders are not managers.” Do you agree with this statement ? Give any three reasons in support of your answer. [3 Mark]
9. Enumerate any three market related factors that should be kept in view while taking decision on the choice of channels of distribution of any product. [3 Mark]
10. State any three objectives of sales promotion. [3 Mark]
11. Describe, in brief, Taylor’s principles of (i) Science, not the rule of thumb, and (ii) Harmony, not discord. [4 Mark]
12. Define the term ‘Organizing’ and enumerate the steps involved in the process of organizing. [4 Mark]
13. You are the representative of workers in a factory and want to impress upon the management the need for introducing time-rate system in place of existing piece-rate system of wage payment. What four reasons would you like to give to the management to justify your viewpoint ? Explain, in brief. [4 Mark]
14. “Securities and Exchange Board of India is the watchdog of the securities market.” Do you agree ? Give four reasons in support of your answer. [4 Mark]
15. Distinguish between Capital market and Money market on the basis of [4 Mark]
(ii) Instruments traded
(iii) Investment outlay, and
16. “Management is regarded as fully-developed profession.” Do you agree ? Give reasons. [5 Mark]
17. Explain any five negative impacts of liberalization and globalization on business and industry in India. [5 Mark]
18. “Controlling helps in achieving objectives of the organisation and improving
employees’ morale.” Explain this statement, in brief. [5 Mark]
19. Write any five factors of a structural capital of a business enterprise with examples. [5 Mark]
20. Explain any six features of planning, in brief with examples. [5 Mark]
21. Defining ‘organisational objectives’ is the first step in the process of planning. Explain, in brief, the other steps of this process. [5 Mark]
22. “Authority can be delegated but accountability cannot.” Explain the given statement. [6 Mark]
23. Give any six reasons for “Why employees training are necessary in an organisation? [6 Mark]
24. What are the most important factors which must be considered while taking decision be considered before taking decision about the particular type of advertisement of a product. [6 Mark]
25. What are the six remedies under the consumer 1986 Protection Act available for consumers. [6 Mark]
class 12 commerce sample paper
CBSE is one of the most finest and reputed Board of Education that was originated with the aim of serving quality educations to their students. As graduate, I have tried to prepare CBSE Solved Sample Papers for Class 12 Accountancy, which help students to give a clear understanding about the areas that is to be focused in the Board examination. Solved sample papers are generally preferred by the students as they give an exact idea of the questions asked in the exams along with the right way to answer them. So practice the given sample paper and judge your preparations before going for the exam.
class 12 commerce sample paper;-General Instructions to be followed by the students:
(1) All questions are compulsory.
(2) This paper consists of two parts. Part-A and Part-B.
(3) Part-A has question from 1 to 18.
(4) Part-B has questions from 19 to 25.
(5) Marks are allotted to each question.
class 12 commerce sample paper:-CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Accountancy
class 12 commerce sample paper:-Part-A
1. Non-for-Organization have some distinguishing feature from that of profit organizations. State any one of them.
Ans- All the activities preliminary are guided by service motive rather than by profit motive in a Not-for-Profit organization.
2. Give the formula for calculating “gaining share” of a partner in a partnership firm.
Ans.The formula for extracting the gaining Share is by the gaining ratio is that
Gaining Ratio = New Ratio – Old Ratio
3. Pawan and Jayashree are partners. Bindu is admitted for 1/4th Share. What is the ratio in which Pawan and Jayshree will sacrifice their share in favor of Bindu?
Ans. Pawan and Jayshree will sacrifice their share of profit in their old profit sharing ratio in avour of Bindu i.e. Old ratio 1:1.
4. What is meant by “Convertible Debentures”?
Ans. When company offer the holders of Debenture to convert their held, Debentures into Equity or preference Shares, it called the Convertible Debenture option.
5. What are calls in advance?
Ans. When a company accepts money paid by some of the allotter for the calls not due or retains the application money not exceeding the amount due on allotment, such amount is called calls in advance.
6. Briefly explain any four points of the need for the revaluation of assets and liabilities on the reconstitution of partnership firm.
Ans. At the time of reconstitution of the firm, assets and liabilities of the firms are revalued. The net grain (or loss) due to revaluation of assets and Liabilities is shared by the existing partners in their old profit sharing ratio. To calculate gain or loss on revaluation. “Revaluation Account” is opened at the time of admission or retirement or reconstitution of the firm of a partner.
7. When the Receipts and Payments Account is converted into an Income and Expenditure Account, an accounting concept is to be followed for provisions of the Accruals and outstanding. Name the concept that is followed?
Ans. In case of Provisions of Accruals and Outstanding the accrual concept of accounting is followed. When receipt and payment Account is converted into an Income and Expenditure Account.
8. Can a Receipts and Payments Account be prepared even without preparing a Cash Book, why?
Ans. Since the Receipts and Payments Account is a summary of Cash and Bank Transactions it cannot be prepared without preparing a Cash Book.
class 12 commerce sample paper:-Part-B
9. List any four items which can credited to the Capital Account of a Partner when the Capital Account is fluctuating.
Ans. (i) Interest on Capital
(ii) Partners Salary
(iii) Partners Commission and
(iv) Share of Profit.
10. Explain the Accounting treatment in case of Dissolution of a firm.
Ans. As a simple rule of accounting the in case of dissolution of a firm the assets are realized and liabilities are always paid and if some balance comes after all these adjustment it will be taken away by the partners. Finally it will lead to closing of accounting books of the firm in that concerned accounting year itself. AT the time of dissolution these accounts like Partners Loan A/c, Partners Capital Accounts and Bank or Cash accounts have to be opened.
11. Write a note on Realization Account.
Ans. While all the partners of a firm decide to dissolve the firm they need to settle and adjustment in all the Assets and Liabilities of the firm, it may contains all the current and fixed assets and current liabilities including the creditors and loans etc. In order to dissolution of the firm the liabilities are the first thing a firm should take consider to take care of. For all these entries one common account is credited which is Realization Account, in case of any gain while sale off or write off of an assets the Realization Account is debited and in case of liabilities are paid off then the Realization account will be debited.
12. Explain the necessary steps to adjustment of goodwill in case of retirement/death of partner.
Ans. The following are the necessary y adjustment of goodwill in case of retirement /death of partner
Step 1: If there is some value of goodwill is exists, then it should be immediately write off by debiting the partners’ capital a/c and crediting the goodwill A/c with full amount of good standing in the books and in Balance Sheet for the accounting year.
Step 2: The credit of goodwill for outgoing partner in respect of his profit sharing ratio should be given to outgoing partner by debiting the continuing partners’ Capital account in the gaining ratio and crediting the outing partner capital account.
13. State any one objective of Financial Statement Analysis.
Ans. In order to determine the growth strength of the company or organization analysis of Financial Statements are must.
14. Under which type of activity will you classify “Issuing 9% Debentures” while preparing Cash Flow Statement?
Ans. It will be classified as “Financing Activities”.
15. Declaration of Final Dividend would result inflow, outflow or no flow of cash. Give your answer with reason.
Ans. Money cannot flow out merely declaration of something may it be payment of receipt it should be paid or receipt in actually to have some effect so Declaration of Final Dividend would result in No Flow in Cash.
16. What is Contingent Liabilities,give two examples?
Ans. Contingent Liabilities are liabilities which are uncertain and related with uncertain events, sometime company face the situation where it has not to pay the contingent liabilities in form of Cash, one most important point regarding this is that contingent liabilities are never shown in the liabilities side of the Balance Sheet rather these are mentioned in the foot notes under the Balance Sheet. Two examples for it can be
i) Claims against the Company not acknowledged as debts or disputed claims.
ii) Bills discounted but not matured.
17. Explain the Report by the Board of Directors.
Ans. A company is compulsory bound by the company Act to hold a annual general meeting of with its shareholders. It called the Annual Genre al Meeting. All final accounts are present here for approval, two main accounts Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss Accounts are mandatory to shown in this meeting. As per Section 227 (2) of the Company Act 1956, this Annual Report must contain an attached report by the directors of the company which is called the Directors Report. The content of the Directors reports are fully specified in Company Act. Directors are free to express their views in form of this statement which they consider important.
18. List the items which are shown under the heading, “Non-Current Assets” in the Balance sheet of a company as per provisions of Schedule VI, of the Companies Act 1956.
a) Fixed Assets i) Tangible Assets ii) Intangible Assets iii) Capital work in progress
b) Non-current Investments
c) Deferred tax assets (net)
d) Long term loans and advances
e) Other Non-current assets
19. Prepare a Comparative Income Statement with the following information:
|Cost of Good Sold||60%of Sales||60% of Sales|
|Indirect Expenses||10% of Gross Profit|
Income Tax 50% of Net Profit before Tax
Ans. Comparative Income Statement
|Particulars||2010||2011||Absolute change||% Change|
|Net SalesLess: Cost of Goods Sold||20,00,00012,00,000||25,00,00015,00,000||5,00,0003,00,000||25%25%|
|Gross ProfitLess: Indirect Expenses|
|Profit Before Tax (PBT) Less: Tax||7,20,0003,60,000||9,00,0004,50,000|
|Profit After Tax (PAT)||3,60,000||4,50,000||90,000||25%|
class 12 commerce sample paper
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class 12 commerce sample paper
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