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Central Excise Updates for Nov 2015 Exam

Central Excise Updates for Nov 2015 Exam

CENVAT Credit

Following amendments have been made in CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004 [CCR] vide Notification No. 6/2015 CE (NT) dated 01.03.2015 unless otherwise specified:

  • CENVAT credit allowed on inputs and capital goods received directly in the premises of the job worker [Rules 4(1) and 4(2)(a)]

Earlier, rule 4(1) allowed instant CENVAT credit on receipt of inputs into the factory of the manufacturer or in the premises of the output service provider or on the delivery of inputs to the output service provider.  Likewise, rule 4(2)(a) allowed CENVAT credit on capital goods on receipt of the same in the factory or in the premises of the output service provider or outside the factory for generation of electricity for captive use within the factory or on the delivery of capital goods to the output service provider.  Further, when goods were directly sent to job-worker’s premises without bringing them in the manufacturer/output service provider’s premises, CENVAT credit could be taken only when such goods were received back from the job-worker’s premises in the premises of manufacturer/output service provider.

Rule 4(1) and rule 4(2)(a) have been amended to allow CENVAT credit in respect of inputs and capital goods immediately on receipt of the same in the premises of job worker where the same are sent directly to the job worker on the direction of the manufacturer or the provider of output service, as the case may be.

[Effective from 01.03.2015]

(ii) Time limit for availing credit on inputs and input services increased from 6 months to 1 year of the date of invoice [Rules 4(1) and 4(7)]

The time limit for availment of CENVAT credit on inputs and input services has been extended from six months to one year of the date of the issue of invoice/bill/challan etc.  Amendments have been made in third proviso to rule 4(1) and the erstwhile sixth proviso (now fifth proviso) to rule 4(7) to enhance the time limit for availability of credit in respect of inputs and input services respectively.

The provisos lay down that the manufacturer and the provider of output service shall not take CENVAT credit after one year of the date of issue of any of the documents specified in rule 9(1).

[Effective from 01.03.2015]

Central Excise Updates for Nov 2015 Exam

(iii) Time limit for return of capital goods from a job worker to manufacturer/output service provider increased from 6 months to 2 years [Rule 4(5)]

Earlier, rule 4(5)(a) inter alia provided for a common time limit of 180 days for return of inputs and capital goods sent to a job-worker for the purpose of availing CENVAT credit.

Rule 4(5)(a) has now been amended to provide as follows:-

(a) CENVAT credit on inputs will be allowed even if any inputs as such or after being partially processed are sent to a job worker and from there subsequently sent to another job worker and likewise, for

further processing,

testing,

repairing,

re-conditioning or

for the manufacture of intermediate goods necessary for the manufacture of final products or

any other purpose.    Such credit will be allowed only if it is established from the records /challans/ memos/ or any other document produced by the manufacturer/ output service provider taking CENVAT credit that the inputs or the products produced therefrom are received back by the manufacturer/ output service provider within 180 days of their being sent from the factory/premises of output service provider, as the case may be.

(b) CENVAT credit on capital goods will be allowed even if any capital goods as such are sent to a job worker for

further processing,

testing,

repair,

re-conditioning or for the manufacture of intermediate goods necessary for the manufacture of final products or

any other purpose.    Such credit will be allowed only if it is established from the records, challans or memos or any other document produced by the manufacturer /output service provider taking the CENVAT credit that the capital goods are received back by the manufacturer /output service provider, as the case may be, within 2 years of their being so sent.

(c) Further, the credit will be allowed even if any inputs or capital goods are directly sent to a job worker without their being first brought to the premises of the manufacturer/ output service provider and in such a case, the period of 180 days or 2 years, as the case may be, will be counted from the date of receipt of such goods by the job worker.

(d) If the inputs or capital goods are not received back within 180 days and 2 years respectively, the manufacturer/ output service provider will have to pay an amount equivalent to the CENVAT credit attributable to the inputs or capital goods by debiting the CENVAT credit or otherwise.  However, such credit may be retaken once the inputs or capital goods are received back in the factory/ premises of the output service provider.

[Effective from 01.03.2015]

Central Excise Updates for Nov 2015 Exam

(iv) Provisions relating to availment of CENVAT credit under partial and full reverse charge brought at par [Rule 4(7)]

Prior to 01.04.2015, there were separate provisions for availment of credit on input services in case of payment of service tax under full reverse charge and partial reverse charge.  Whereas under full reverse charge, payment of service tax ensured availability of credit on input services; under partial reverse charge, payment to service provider (along with payment of service tax) was also a pre- requisite for availing credit.

The provisions for availing credit of service tax paid under partial reverse charge have now been aligned with the provisions applicable for full reverse charge.  Thus, now CENVAT credit of service tax paid under partial reverse charge by the service receiver will also be allowed on payment of service tax alone without linking it to the payment to the service provider.  The second proviso has been omitted and first proviso to rule 4(7) amended to give effect to this amendment.

Earlier, the third proviso to rule 4(7) laid down that CENVAT credit availed on input service ought to be reversed (except in case where service tax has been paid under full reverse charge) if value of input service and service tax is not paid within three months of the date of the invoice/bill/challan.  The amount equivalent to the credit reversed could be taken back whenever the payment of value of input service and service tax is made.

The provisions contained in the erstwhile third proviso have now been set out in new second proviso to sub-rule (7).  Cases where service tax is paid under reverse charge (both partial or full) have been excluded in the newly inserted second proviso.

[Effective from 01.04.2015]

(v) Explanations (I) and (II) to sub-rule (7) of rule 4 to apply to entire rule 4

Earlier, the below mentioned explanations were only applicable to sub-rule (7) of rule 4:

  1. The amount mentioned in this sub-rule shall be paid by the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service by debiting the CENVAT credit or otherwise on or before the 5th day of the following month except for the month of March, when such payment shall be made on or before the 31st day of the month of March.
  2. If the manufacturer of goods or the provider of output service fails to pay the amount payable under this sub-rule, it shall be recovered, in the manner as provided in rule 14, for recovery of CENVAT credit wrongly taken. ”

However, now the above-mentioned explanations have been made applicable to entire rule 4 by substituting the words ‘sub-rule’ appearing therein with the word ‘rule’.

Thus, in effect, earlier the two explanations were applicable in respect of amount payable on non-payment of value of input service and service tax within three months of date of invoice as provided under sub-rule (7).  However, now they will also apply in relation to amount payable on non-receipt of inputs and capital goods within 180 days and 2 years respectively under sub-rule (5)(a)(iii).

[Effective from 01.03.2015]

(vi) Export goods defined for the purpose of refund of CENVAT credit under rule 5 [Clause (1A) of Explanation 1 to rule 5]

Rule 5 provides for refund of CENVAT credit when a manufacturer clears export goods without payment of duty or a service provider exports an output service without payment of service tax.  Refund is computed as per the formula prescribed in the rule and is subject to certain procedure, safeguards, conditions and limitations specified by the Board.

Though the term ‘export service’ has been defined in the rule to mean a service which is provided as per rule 6A of the Service Tax Rules, 1994, the term ‘export goods’ was not defined in the rule.  The definition of ‘export goods’ has now been inserted in the rule to mean any goods which are to be taken out of India to a place outside India.  Clause (1A) has been inserted in Explanation 1 to rule 5 to give effect to this amendment.

[Effective from 01.03.2015]

(vii) Inputs and input services used in the manufacture of non-excisable goods to attract reversal provisions under rule 6 [Explanations (1) and (2) to rule 6(1)]

  • Rule 6 lays down the provisions for reversal of CENVAT credit when a manufacturer manufactures both dutiable and exempted final products or a service provider provides both taxable and exempted services.

(b) The rule sets out the various options to quantify the credit that needs to be reversed on inputs and input services which are used in manufacture of exempted goods or in provision of exempted services.

(c) Under rule 2(d) of CCR, exempted goods are defined as excisable goods which are exempt from the whole of the duty of excise leviable thereon, and includes goods which are chargeable to “Nil” rate of duty and goods in respect of which the benefit of an exemption under Notification No. 1/2011 C.E. dated 01.03.2011 or under entries at serial numbers 67 and 128 of Notification No. 12/2012 C.E. dated 17.03.2012 is availed.

(d) However, it has now been clarified vide Explanation 1 inserted after sub-rule (1) of rule 6 that for the purposes of this rule, exempted goods or final products as defined in clauses (d) and (h) of rule 2 will include non- excisable goods cleared for a consideration from the factory.

(e) It has been further clarified vide Explanation 2 that value of non –excisable goods for the purpose of this rule, will be the invoice value.  Where such invoice value would not be available, the value will be determined by using reasonable means consistent with the principles of valuation contained in the Excise Act and the rules made thereunder.

(f) It is to be noted that the above explanations are applicable only to rule 6.

(g) The implication of the said amendment is that inputs and input services used in the manufacture of non-excisable goods will also attract the reversal provisions under rule 6.  To illustrate, if a manufacturer manufactures dutiable and non- excisable goods, credit on input or input services used in the manufacture of non-excisable goods will have to be reversed in accordance with the provisions of rule 6.

(h) It is worthwhile to note here that since exempted service inter alia means services on which no service tax is leviable under section 66B of Finance Act, 1994, credit of inputs or input services used in provision of non-taxable services is required to be reversed under rule 6.

(i) Thus, now after the amendment in rule 6, there remains no difference with regard to reversal of credit by a manufacturer vis-a-vis a service provider.  In other words, provisions for reversal of credit on exempted goods and exempted services have now been aligned.

Central Excise Updates for Nov 2015 Exam

(viii) Provisions applicable to first/second stage dealer regarding maintenance of records to be able to pass on the credit, to apply to an importer issuing CENVATable invoice [Rule 9(4)]

Rule 9(4) provides that CENVAT credit in respect of input or capital goods purchased from a first stage dealer or second stage dealer will be allowed only if such first stage dealer or second stage dealer has maintained records indicating the fact that the input or capital goods was supplied from the stock on which duty was paid by the producer of such input or capital goods and only an amount of such duty on pro rata basis has been indicated in the invoice issued by him.

A proviso has been inserted in the sub-rule (4) which lays down that provisions of this sub-rule will apply mutatis mutandis to an importer who issues an invoice on which CENVAT credit can be taken.

[Effective from 01.03.2015]

(ix) Restrictions can also be imposed on a registered importer for misuse of CENVAT credit under rule 12AAA [Rule 12AAA]

Earlier, under rule 12AAA, the Central Government could impose restrictions on a manufacturer, first stage and second stage dealer, provider of a taxable service or an exporter, if there was a misuse of CENVAT credit.

Such restrictions can now be imposed in case of a registered importer also.  Further, in the event of any misuse of CENVAT credit, registration of an importer can also be suspended like that of a dealer.

[Effective from 01.03.2015]

Central Excise Updates for Nov 2015 Exam

(x) Provisions introduced for recovery of CENVAT credit taken but NOT utilized and determining the manner of utilization of credit [Substituted rule 14]

Rule 14, which prescribes the provisions for recovery of CENVAT credit wrongly taken or erroneously refunded, has been substituted by a new rule to provide for recovery of CENVAT credit taken but NOT utilized.  Further, the manner of determining utilization of credit has also now been provided in the rule itself.  The provisions of the new rule are discussed hereunder:

(a) Where CENVAT credit has been taken wrongly but not utilised, the same will be recovered from the manufacturer/ output service provider in accordance with the provisions of section 11A of the Central Excise Act, 1944/ section 73 of the Finance Act, 1994 [Clause (i) of sub-rule (1)].

(b) Where CENVAT credit has been taken and utilised wrongly or has been erroneously refunded, the same will be recovered along with interest from the manufacturer/ output service provider in accordance with the provisions of sections 11A and 11AA (interest @ 18% for excise duty) of Central Excise Act, 1944/ sections 73 and 75 (graded interest ranging from 18% to 30% for service tax) of the Finance Act, 1994 [Clause (ii) of sub-rule (1)].

(c) For this purpose, all credits taken during a month will be deemed to have been taken on the last day of the month and the utilisation thereof will be deemed to have occurred in the following manner, namely: –

(i) the opening balance of the month has been utilised first;

(ii) credit admissible in terms of these rules taken during the month has been utilised next;

(iii) credit inadmissible in terms of these rules taken during the month has been utilized thereafter.

[Effective from 01.03.2015]

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