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CBSE Class 12 Commerce Entrepreneurship Guidelines For Assessment Of Project Report Or Survey Report

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Entrepreneurship Guidelines For Assessment Of Project Report Or Survey Report

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Entrepreneurship Guidelines For Assessment Of Project Report Or Survey Report : CBSE is a reputed educational board of India and it provides updated syllabus for different classes. Several proficient subject experts are associated with this board and based on current research; they evaluate the syllabus of each subject from time to time. Thus, they make students up-to-date with current information and also maintain its standard in all respects. All essential subjects including Math, Chemistry, Physics, Biology, History, Geography, English and other language subjects are included in the syllabus designed for different classes.

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Entrepreneurship Guidelines For Assessment Of Project Report Or Survey Report

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Entrepreneurship Guidelines For Assessment Of Project Report Or Survey Report : Entrepreneurship is important because it helps to drive the economy, it allows people to bring creativity into the marketplace, it creates companies with the potential to hire millions of people and it brings new products and services to market. In addition, impact entrepreneurship, in which businesspeople pay attention to the social impact of their products and investments, aims to improve society and the environment.

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CBSE Class 12 Commerce Entrepreneurship Guidelines For Assessment Of Project Report Or Survey Report

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Entrepreneurship Guidelines For Assessment Of Project Report Or Survey Report : CBSE Class 12 Commerce Entrepreneurship Guidelines  for implementation of its business idea is required to prepare a Project Report covering certain important aspects of the project as detailed below:

  • Promoters background/experience
  • Product with capacity to be built up and processes involved
  • Project location
  • Cost of the Project and Means of  Entrepreneurship thereof
  •  Availability of utilities
  • Technical arrangements
  • Market Prospects and Selling arrangements
  • Environmental aspects
  • Profitability projections and Cash flows for the entire repayment period of financial assistance

Spreadsheets formats attached with this document will help you prepare a Detailed Project Report for your Bank. You may omit the manufacturing related information in case you are applying for a non-manufacturing project.

Since the appraisal of the Project involves evaluation of the Project in the following areas, your company/you would be required to submit certain documents/information in the matter.

Management Evaluation

  • Memorandum and Articles of Association : Object, authorised and paid-up share capital,promoter’s contribution, borrowing powers, list of directors on the Board, terms of appointment of directors
  • Your company as the Promoter : Corporate plan of the Company, projects promoted/implemented/under implementation, Bankers’ report on dealings and repayment of past loan assistance, details of group companies, operations, balance sheet and profit & loss account of the promoter company
  • New Promoters : Educational background, any industrial experience, family background, sources of income, details of personal properties, banker’s reference, income tax/ wealth tax returns
  • Management and Organisation set up : Broad composition of the Board, details of full time directors and their responsibilities, details of Chief executive and functional executives including qualification, experience, organisation set-up for existing company and during project implementation for new company.

Technical Feasibility

  • Technology and manufacturing process : Proven/new technology, basis of selection of technology, competing technologies, performance data of plants based on the technology, details of licensor of technology, process flow chart and description
  • Location of the Project  : Locational advantage, availability of raw material and other utilities, infrastructure facilities, availability of labour, environmental aspects
  • Plant and Machinery  :  List of machinery & equipment, details of suppliers, competitive quotations, technical & commercial evaluation of major equipment
  • Raw material, Utilities and Manpower  :  Details of raw materials and suppliers, electricity and water supply, basis of manpower estimates, details of manpower eg. managerial, supervisory, skilled/unskilled, training needs
  • Contracts  :  Agreement with contractors detailing on know-how, engineering, procurement, construction, financial soundness and experience of contractors
  • Project monitoring and implementation :  Mode of implementation, details of monitoring team, detailed schedule of implementation.

Environmental Aspects: Air, Water and Soil Pollution, list of pollutants / Hazardous substances, their safety, handling and disposal arrangements, compliance with national and International Standards, Clearances and No objection certificates required and obtained etc.

Commercial Viability

  • Existing and potential market demand and supply for the proposed product in respect of volume and pattern
  • Share of the proposed product of the company in the total market through marketing strategy
  • Selling price of the product and export potential, if any.
  • Buy-back arrangements, if any.

Financial Appraisal

  • Cost of the Project  :  This includes the cost of land & site development, building, plant & machinery, technical know-how & engineering fees, miscellaneous fixed assets, preliminary & preoperative expenses, contingencies, margin money for working capital. Your company is expected to submit  realistic estimates and reasonableness of the cost of the project will be examined with reference to various factors such as implementation period, inflation, various agreements, quotations etc.
  • Means of Entrepreneurship:  Means of financing shall have to conform to proper mix of share capital and debt. This includes share capital, unsecured loans from Promoters/associates, internal accruals, term loans, Government subsidy/grant. Reasonableness of Promoters’ contribution in the form of equity and interest-free unsecured loans, if any, is ascertained in view of commitment to the Project.
  • Profitability Projections  :  Past records of financial performance of Your company will be examined. Your company needs to submit profitability estimates, cash flow and projected balance sheet for the project and for the Company as a whole. Based on the projections, various financial ratios such as Debt -Equity ratio, Current ratio, Fixed asset coverage ratio, Gross profit, Operating profit, Net profit ratios, Internal rate of return(over the economic life of the project), Debt Service Coverage ratio, Earning per share, Dividend payable etc. would be worked out to ascertain financial soundness of your Project.

Economic Viability

  • Your company will have to take real value of input as against the value accounted in financial analysis for the purpose of  economic evaluation of the project.
  • Your company should carry out social cost benefit analysis as a measure of the costs and benefits of the project to Society and the Economy.
  • Economic analysis is therefore aimed at inherent strength of the Project to withstand international competition on its own.

Guidelines for assessment of Project Report or Survey Report

  1. Presentation: Format, Clarity, Use of graphs, tables and other visuals, organisation, methodical recording of data and information and general neatness of execution. 5 marks
  2. Originality and Creativity-3 marks
  3. Authenticity of information and correctness of calculations and general feasibility of the project/sustainability of conclusion drawn in the survey. 2 marks
  • Viva Voce on the Project or Market Survey Report-5 Marks
  • The questions should establish that the report is the original work of the student and that the student has a reasonably clear understanding of the work carried out by him/her.
  • Entrepreneurial qualities such as leadership, self-belief, creativity, originality, initiative etc. May also be assessed by asking a variety of questions related to the report.
  • Case Study-10 marks
  • A case study is a focused research on an organisation, enterprise, practice, behaviour or person undertaken to highlight an aspect that the study attempts to examine. For instance, a case study may be conducted on the pollution control methods being employed by an industry. Or a successful industrialist may be chosen as a subject of a case study to analyze and understand the strategies that the industrialist adopted: To achieve success.
  • Ideally, a case study should be conducted on subjects with the objectives of bringing to the fore beliefs, practices, strategies, values etc. That have made them what they are. Such studies help us to understand the way in which great minds think and operate. We may also conduct case studies on failures; why a company collapsed, how a service lost its market etc. From both the types of case study, we learn lessons; how to do something or how not to do something. They also provide valuable insight into the processes involved in an enterprise.

A few topics are suggested for carrying out case studies:

  1. Drawing a profile of a successful entrepreneur.
  2. Studying a public sector undertaking and highlighting its sucess/failure, by analyzing the factors responsible.
  3. Studying a small scale unit in the locality to bring out the procedures and processes adopted by the unit to become a feasible business venture.
  4. A study of competition in business by choosing two or more rivals in the market and analyzing their strengths and weaknesses.
  5. Take the school itself for a case study and analyze any two aspects of the school plant for chalking out a plan of action: Infrastructure, academics, co-curricular activities etc.
  6. A case study on a thriving fast food shop/restaurant in your locality. What makes it so popular? A case study on the ways in which a business unit has mobilised its financial resources.
  7. A case study on the enterprise management techniques adopted by a business house. A case study on the marketing strategies of a successful consumer durable company.
  8. A case study on the financial management of a Public Limited Company. A case study on any Specialized Institution that supports and guides the establishment of a small scale unit.
  9. Studying the balance sheets of two big private companies to assess their trade and credit worthiness.
  10. Studying the inventory management of a large manufacturing industry to ascertain the processes involved for optimizing cost.
  11. Carrying out a case study on an established industrial house/company to find out the value system of the company and how it fulfils its social commitment/obligations.
  12. Carrying out a case study on an established industry to ascertain the processes followed to reduce/prevent pollution.

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Entrepreneurship Guidelines For Assessment Of Project Report Or Survey Report

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