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CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing  Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing  :  The Central Board of Secondary Education or CBSE is a prestigious board of education and it provides affiliation to public and private schools. Apart from this, all Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas and kendriya vidyalayas are affiliated to this board. To impart quality education to its learners, CBSE took the required steps and also provides a healthy and holistic school education, which gives students adequate space to develop physically and mentally.

The board conducts research and based on that, it evaluates its syllabus and educational pattern. CBSE provides standard education to all and also promotes a state-of-the art environment that makes students vivacious and competent in all aspects. CBSE Syllabus is well-structured as several proficient subject experts are associated with this board. The syllabus of CBSE Maths, CBSE Science along with other syllabus are amended from time to time to make students up-to-date with current information so that they can meet all educational demands confidently.

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing  Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing  : Here our team members Provides CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing  Complete notes in pdf format. CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing  Included some topics those are given bellow :

Unit 6: Staffing

  • Concept and importance of staffing
  • Staffing as a part of Human Resource Management
  • Staffing process: Recruitment – sources; Selection – process
  • Training and Development – Concept and importance. Methods of training- on the job and off the job- Induction training, vestibule training, apprenticeship training and internship training.

Download here CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit6 Staffing  Complete Notes In PDF Format 

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing  Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing  : Men, material and money are regarded as three important factors of production. Men constitute the organization at all levels and are regarded as the only dynamic factor of production. It is not very difficult to handle material resources, but, without the efficient use of human resources, management can never accomplish the end objectives of the undertaking. Even in those industries where automatic machines have been introduced, labour is still regarded as a dominant factor for increasing productivity.

Human resources play a vital role in every undertaking. They are the dynamic elements of management. The success of an enterprise much depends upon the calibre and motivation of its employees. Organisational structure of any type, for that matter, requires a different type of people. The “staffing’ function of management refers to the systematic approach to the problem of selecting, training, motivating and retaining managerial personnel in any organisation. It is concerned with recruitment and development of managers and their maintenance in a high spirit.

Staffing entails management—man power planning for recruiting and training executives. It also calls for the satisfaction of managerial wants through the provision of individual motivation and the introduction of self-control on the part of such executives. Thus, the Staffing Function includes the process by which the right person is placed in a right organisational position.

True staffing means “manning and keeping manned a right man at right place.” The administration of human ‘resources involves matching the jobs and people through preparation of specifications necessary for positions, appraising the performance of personnel, training and retraining of people to fit the needs of the organisational positions, and developing methods by which people will respond with maximum effort and increased satisfaction.

Staff process, therefore, provides the organisation with adequate, competent and qualified personnel at all levels in the enterprise. Since successful performance by individuals largely determines success of the structure, staffing function of manager deserves sufficient care and attention of the management.


Staffing means appointing competent persons according to the importance of the post in the organisation. It means that more capable persons are appointed on more important posts and comparative less competent persons can be appointed on less important posts. In other words all the functions undertaken to establish co­ordination between the post and the individual come under staffing.

The three major responsibilities assigned by Peter F. Drucker to management, viz., (i) Managing work ; (ii) Managing workers and (iii) Managing Managers, the staffing function of management involves the discharge of the last responsibility— Managing Managers.

As Haimann observes the staffing function pertains “to the recruitment, selection, development, training and compensation of subordinate managers.”‘ Koontz and O’Donnell too define Staffing as “the executive function which involves the recruitment, selection, compensating, training, promotion and retirement of subordinate managers.”

The above definitions show that the appointment of employees (Staffing) is the chief function of management and under it appointments are made for various posts in the organizations. Apart from appointments, it is still more important to keep these posts filled for a long period by persistent efforts.

The selection, training and compensation of the rank-and-file workers (those working at the lowest rung of the organizational ladder) in any enterprise is considered to be part of the personnel administration, while selection, training etc., of subordinate managers is regarded as a part of the management process.

But this is an artificial classification made by management scholars for the convenience of study. As a matter of fact, the basic problems/issues in both these areas are basically the same. As such, it is better to classify both as the personnel

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing  Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 6 Staffing  : Staffing is the process of hiring, positioning and overseeing employees in an organisation. It is the selection and training of individuals for specific job functions, and charging them with the associated responsibilities.

Factors Affecting Staffing

The internal factors affecting staffing:

  1. Promotion policy : Staffing is affected by the promotion policy of the organisation. If the organisation has a good promotion policy with prospects to career growth and development, only then efficient people will be attracted to the organisation. Internal promotions are better for lower and middle-level jobs. This is because it increases the morale and motivation of the staff. However, for top level jobs, the ‘RIGHT’ person must be selected. The right person may be from within the organisation, or he / she may be selected from outside.
  2. Future growth plans : Staffing is also affected by the future growth plans of the organisation. If the organisation wants to grow and expand then it will need many talented people. In order to grow and expand, the organisation must select experts and give them continuous training and development.
  3. Technology used : Staffing is also affected by the technology used by the organisation. If the organisation uses modern technologies then it must have a continuous training programs to update the technical knowledge of their staff.
  4. Support from top management : Staffing is also affected by the support from Top Management. If the top management gives full support to it then the organisation can have scientific selection procedures, scientific promotion and transfer policies, continuous training programs, career development programs, etc.
  5. Image of organisation : Staffing is also affected by the image of the organisation in the job market. If it has a good image then staffing will attract the best employees and managers. An organisation earns a good image only if it maintains good staffing policies and practices. This includes job security, training and development, promotion, good working environment, work culture, etc.

The external factors affecting staffing:

  1. Labor laws : Labor Laws of the government also affect the staffing policy of the organisation. For e.g. The organisation has to support ‘Social equality and upliftment’ policies of the government by giving job reservations to candidates coming from depressed classes like scheduled castes (SC), scheduled tribes (ST), other backward classes (OBC), etc., and even to those who are physically handicapped (PH). It is mandatory for an organisation not to recruit children in their workforce and stop child labor. The provisions of ‘Minimum Wages Act’ guide an organisation to fix minimum salaries of employees and stop their economic exploitation.
  2. Pressure from socio-political groups : Staffing is also affected by activities of socio-political groups and parties. These groups and parties put pressure on the organisation to grant jobs only to local people. The concept of ‘Sons of Soil’ is becoming popular in India.
  3. Competition : In India, there is a huge demand for highly qualified and experienced staff. This has resulted in competition between different organisations to attract and hire efficient staff. Organisations often change their staffing policies, offer attractive salaries and other job benefits in order to add the best minds in their workforce.
  4. Educational standards : Staffing is also affected by the educational standards of an area. If the educational standard of a place is very high then the organisation will only select qualified and experienced staff for all job positions. For e.g. Some I.T. companies in India, only prefer skilled candidates with computer or I.T. Engineering degree for the post of Software Developer.
  5. Other external factors : Staffing is also affected by other external factors such as trade unions, social attitude towards work, etc.

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