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CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  : CBSE is a renowned educational Board, which comes under the Union Government of India. This eminent board was formed in 1952 and associated with the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana. Ajmer, Gwalior, Merwara and Central India were included in the administrative territory of this board along with the other places including Bhopal, Ajmer and Vindhya Pradesh. From 1952 onwards, it has been providing a standard education and robust learning environment to all. The Central Board of Secondary Education or CBSE is a prestigious board of education and it provides affiliation to public and private schools. Apart from this, all Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas and kendriya vidyalayas are affiliated to this board.

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  : Here our team members Provides CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing Complete notes in pdf format. CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing Included some topics those are given bellow :

Unit 5: Organising

  • Concept and importance.
  • Organizing Process.
  • Structure of organization – functional and divisional.
  • Formal and informal organization.
  • Delegation: concept, elements and importance.
  • Decentralization: concept and importance.

Download here CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit5 Organizing  Complete Notes In PDF Format

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  : CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing Arranging several elements into a purposeful sequential or spatial (or both) order or structure and  Assembling required resources to attain organizational objectives.

In general way we can define term organization as a group of individuals who are interacting with each other and contributing their efforts towards the attainment of certain goals or objectives. In other words organization may be defined as a co-operative & healthy relationship among-st the groups which is built up by them through proper network of communication system with a view to achieve their specific or common goals.
“Organizing” may be defined as such process which is made by any business firm for the purpose of achieving its own goals or objectives in smooth way. It is the process of ensuring healthy relationship among the departments by the proper channel of communication so that the personnel (employees) of every department can give their hundred percent contributions in the accomplishment of desired goals.

Concept or Nature of Organizing or Organization:

There are two essential Concepts regarding with Organizing:

  • Organization as a Process: The concept of organizing can be considered as a process, because a large number of events or activities are done under the process of organizing with-a-view to accomplish the preset goals in an appropriate way. In fact, organizing involves division of works, determination of activities, grouping of activities, delegation of authority and the establishment of proper co-ordination and balance among various departments of individuals towards the attainment of predetermined goals. On the whole it is clear that the objectives of business firm cannot be obtained by doing single activity, so organizing is set to be a process.
  • Organization as a Structure of Relationship: Organization refers to a structure of relationship due to involvement of a large number of groups. In fact, under the process of organizing the relationship of departments to departments, groups to groups and individuals to individuals are analyzed carefully through the process of communication system with a view to establish proper unity and co-ordination among them. So that everyone can take initiative for the welfare of enterprise. Thus it is clear that Organization can be considered as a structure of relationship.

Characteristics or Features of Organizing or Organization:

  • Organization is a group of Individuals: Organization can consider as a group of individuals who comes together and make co-operative relationship with each-other and contributing their efforts with a view to attain preset goals. Infect, in the absence of group of individuals there is no existence of organization. Thus it is clear that organization is a group of individuals.
  • Organization is a process: The feature of organization can put to be as a process, because a large number of events are done under organizing process towards the attainment of predetermined goals, such as determination of various activities, grouping of activities, allocation of work among-st the employees and delegation of authority as well. Hence, organization is a process.
  • Organization is a ‘Means’ not an ‘End’: Organization is a means to reach out the goals of an enterprise. In fact organization provides such platforms to enterprise where all the activities are clearly predefined, as a result of this enterprise easily obtain its goals. Thus it is proved that organization is a ‘Means’ not an ‘End’.
  • Organization is an important Function of Management: It is an essential feature of organisation. Organization refers to an important function of management because all other functions of management like staffing, directing, controlling etc will become ineffective in the absence of this function.
  • Organization is related to its Objectives: Organization is directly concerned with the objectives of enterprise. In the absence of objectives there is no life of organization. If there is an organization then the objectives must be attached with it. Hence, Organization is related with its goals.
  • Communication is the life of organization: It is also an important feature of organization. Communication can be treated as a life of organization, because in the lack of proper network of communication there is no existence of organization. Infect the foundation of an organization properly depends on communication. On the whole it is clear that organization is the system of communication.

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  : The organizing of information could be seen since humans began to write. Prior to that, history was passed down only through song and word.  As can be seen with religion, books and spoken word, science (through journals and studies) organizing not only is history, but also supports the communication of history. Recording ideas in a written text, as opposed to verbally communicating with someone, and more specifically cataloging ideas and thoughts, is also an attempt to organize information.

Definition of Organising

According to Theo Haimann,

“Organising is the process of defining and grouping the activities of the enterprise and establishing the authority relationships among them.”

According to Louis Allen,

“Organising is the process of identifying and grouping the work to be performed, defining and delegating responsibility and authority and establishing relationships for the purpose of enabling people to work most effectively together in accomplishing objectives.”

Steps in the Process of Organising

Organising is a step-by-step process. At each step, an important task is performed by the administrators working at the top-level of management.

While organising, the top managers carry out following important tasks:-

  1. In this general eight-stepped process, the top management first fixes the common objectives of the organisation.
  2. In the second step, they (top management) identify all the activities (i.e. works or jobs) which are required to achieve these predefined objectives.
  3. In the third step, they group similar (related) activities and make their individual departments.
  4. In the fourth step, they define the responsibilities (duties) of all the staff members (employees and managers).
  5. In the fifth step, they delegate authority to staff members.
  6. In the sixth step, the authority relationships between superiors and subordinates are established.
  7. In the seventh step, they provide the staff members with all the essential requirements like money, machines, materials, etc., which are used for achieving the objectives.
  8. In the eighth final step, they co-ordinate the efforts of all staff members and direct it towards achieving the common objectives of the organisation.

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  Complete Notes

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  :  Organizing is the function of management which follows planning. It is a function in which the synchronization and combination of human, physical and financial resources takes place. All the three resources are important to get results. Therefore, organizational function helps in achievement of results which in fact is important for the functioning of a concern. According to Chester Barnard, “Organizing is a function by which the concern is able to define the role positions, the jobs related and the co-ordination between authority and responsibility. Hence, a manager always has to organize in order to get results.

A manager performs organizing function with the help of following steps:-

  1. Identification of activities – All the activities which have to be performed in a concern have to be identified first. For example, preparation of accounts, making sales, record keeping, quality control, inventory control, etc. All these activities have to be grouped and classified into units.
  2. Departmentally organizing the activities – In this step, the manager tries to combine and group similar and related activities into units or departments. This organization of dividing the whole concern into independent units and departments is called departmentation.
  3. Classifying the authority – Once the departments are made, the manager likes to classify the powers and its extent to the managers. This activity of giving a rank in order to the managerial positions is called hierarchy. The top management is into formulation of policies, the middle level management into departmental supervision and lower level management into supervision of foremen. The clarification of authority help in bringing efficiency in the running of a concern. This helps in achieving efficiency in the running of a concern. This helps in avoiding wastage of time, money, effort, in avoidance of duplication or overlapping of efforts and this helps in bringing smoothness in a concern’s working.
  4. Co-ordination between authority and responsibility – Relationships are established among various groups to enable smooth interaction toward the achievment of the organizational goal. Each individual is made aware of his authority and he/she knows whom they have to take orders from and to whom they are accountable and to whom they have to report. A clear organizational structure is drawn and all the employees are made aware of it.

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Unit 5 Organizing  Complete Notes

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