Take This Quiz & Predict Your Score in the coming CA CS or CMA Exam!
  • How important it is for you to pass the exam in this attempt?
  • What percentage of course you have finished well so far roughly?
  • How many hours you study in a day?
  • How many times you have revised the topics you have finished
  • Have you taken online or pen drive or live class from a renowned faculty?
  • What percentage of the classes you have watched?
  • Have you attempted mock tests or practice tests yet?
  • Are you planning to attempt mock tests conducted by external bodies- ICAI, ICSI, ICMAI or other institute?
  • How many tests you have taken?
  • Did you manage to finish the test papers on time?
  • Are you strictly following study material provided by the exam conducting authority such as ICAI/ICSI/ICMAI/Other Body?
  • How is your health in general?
  • How is your food habit?
  • Any interest in yoga or exercise or play sports regularly?
  • Planning to sleep well nights before the exams?
  • Planning to have light food and water before exams?

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Important topics for theory

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Important topics for theory

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Important topics for theory


1.Nature and Significance of Management

  • Meaning , Characteristics, Objectives and Importance of Management
  • Nature of Management: Management as an Art, Science and Profession
  • Levels and Functions of Management
  • Features/Nature and Importance of Coordination

2.Principles of Management

  • Meaning, Nature and Importance of Management Principles
  • Fayol’s Principles of Management
  • FW Tayolr’s Scientific Management Its Principles and Its Techniques
  • Fayol Vs Taylor

3.Business Environment

  • Meaning, Features Importance and Dimensions of Business Environment
  • Impact of Changes in Government Policy on Business and Industry


  • Meaning Definition, Features and Importance of Planning
  • Limitations of Planning
  • Steps in Planning Process
  • Different Types of Plan


  • Concept, Importance and Process of Organising
  • Organisational Structure and Types of Organisation Structure
  • Formal and Informal Organisation
  • Delegation and Decentralisation


  • Meaning, Definition, Importance and Process of Staffing
  • Staffing as a Part of Human Resource Management
  • Recruitment and Its Sources
  • Selection and Process of Selection
  • Training, Development and Methods of Training

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Important topics for theory


  • Concept, Characteristics, Importance and Elements of Directing
  • Meaning and Importance of Supervision
  • Motivation, Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory of Motivational and Financial and Non-financial Incentives
  • Concept, Importance and Style of Leadership
  • Meaning, Importance and Types of Communication Barriers and Measures to Overcome Them


  • Meaning, Importance and Limitations of Controlling
  • Relationship between Planning and Controlling
  • Steps in the Process of Controlling

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Important topics for theory


9.Financial Management

  • Meaning, Role and Objectives of Financial Management
  • Meaning, Importance and Objectives of Financial Planning
  • Financial Decisions, Capital Structure
  • Fixed Capital and Working Capital

10.Financial Markets

  • Meaning, Functions and Classification of Financial Market
  • Stock Exchange, Functions and Trading Procedure on a Stock Exchange
  • SEBI: Reasons for Setting up, Objectives and Functions


  • Marketing and Marketing Management
  • Marketing and Selling
  • Marketing Mix, Product Mix and Price Mix
  • Place/Physical Distribution Concept Channels of Distribution
  • Major Tools of Promotion i.e Advertising, Personal Selling and Sales Promotion

12.Consumer Protection

  • Concepts, Importance of Consumer Protection and Framework for Consumer Protection in India
  • Consumer Rights and Responsibilities as per CPA, 1986
  • Ways and Means of Consumer Protection, Redressal Agencies under Consumer Protection Act, 1986
  • Role of Consumer Organisations and NGOs

You can also check Viva questions for business studies class 12 from this article.

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Important topics for theory

Study tips for preparing exam:

Those who have not secured desired marks need not worry as it does not help even the slightest.Studies are basically the most boring thing that anyone of us has ever done in our entire life. But then having said that there is just no way that we can stay away from that. Studies are what makes us the person that we are and to be honest education is one of the most important things that we have in our entire life. This would help us to not only get a good job or a reputed future but would also educate us to become good citizens of the nation at large and this is just the reason why education is just the most important thing that you can think of. Education simply helps you know a lot about life and helps you to lead your life in the best possible way.

Allocate Appropriate Time-: Before you begin, allocate time for every question. Few of the questions will need more time than others. Allot the time accordingly i.e. always allot your time to each question based on the marks fixed to it. For instance, if one question is of 15 mark and another question is of 20 mark, then you should definitely dedicate more time to the latter question.

Balancing Your Writing-s: Illustrating too much for questions that do not need lengthy answers results in an apparent scarcity of time for other remaining questions. Similarly, if you write too little for questions that requires elongated answers, you will end up missing main points or details of an idea. Invariably, the result will be loss of marks. But at the same time, if you balance it out well you’ll apparently get higher marks in exam.

Exercise-: Physical activity is very important, in particular during intense study time. Even going for a small 30-minute jog after a day of revision will make a huge difference to your wellbeing. Physical activity increases heart rate which makes the blood circulate faster. This in turn ensures that brain gets more oxygen which increases productivity while reducing tiredness and stress.

Concentration-: Make sure that you are fully attentive while writing the exam, both physically as well as mentally. Avoid any sort of distraction. Don’t look here and there and focus mainly on your paper. Also carry every necessary item with yourself so that you don’t have to ask as it may disturb others as well as your focus on the topic.

Good Time Table- :  Before starting with the studies, students should design their own time-table which directs all the material that has to be covered and tells them how much is needed to be studied each day. A schedule of every subject should be made with different priorities.

Loose that Fear- : Fear and stress are one of the major factors which tend to become an obstacle in getting high percentage. One should loose all the fear and free his mind. Approximating a certain score to achieve is beyond our control .This fact also needs to be understood by parents, who should not pressurize their children but rather boost up their confidence.

Time to Study- : Time is possibly the most important factor. According to a research conducted, human brain is in its most active state between 5 am to 8 am in the morning and in the evening between 7 pm to 11 pm. Therefore, students who study during these timings have the maximum retention power in comparison with others.

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Important topics for theory

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