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CBSE class 11 commerce Accountancy Important topics for theory

CBSE class 11 commerce Accountancy Important topics for theory :- we will provide complete details of CBSE class 11 commerce Accountancy Important topics for theory in this article.

CBSE class 11 commerce Accountancy Important topics for theory

CBSE is an eminent educational board and it is quite popular because of its well-evaluated syllabus and comprehensive question pattern. The board

CBSE class 11 commerce Accountancy Important topics for theory

also analyses students’ requirements and based on that it offers holistic school education along with a robust environment, where students can freely develop physically and mentally. Moreover, the board follows CCE (Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation) and through this system, it determines students’ learning problems and consequently, it takes required measures to improve students’ overall performances. To maintain its noble objectives, the board follows this system for the betterment of students. The board maintains equal learning process in all its affiliated schools. It imparts quality education to all students without any compromise and always keeps up a healthy learning atmosphere that enables students to perform well in exams. According to the conclusion of current research, the board prescribes its syllabus. CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 is a good learning resource through which students can get clear understanding about different topics. Additionally, the board makes all of its syllabus available online including 11 class CBSE syllabus. Required subjects and their topics are all incorporated in this syllabus in an organized manner.

CBSE class 11 commerce Accountancy Important topics for theory

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The course in Accountancy is introduced at +2 stage of Senior Secondary education, as formal commerce education is provided after first ten years of schooling. With the fast changing economic scenario and business environment in a state of continuous flux, elementary business education along with accountancy as the language of business and as a source of financial information has carved out a place for itself at the Senior School stage. Its syllabus content should give students a firm foundation in basic accounting principles and methodology and also acquaint them with the changes taking place in the presentation and analysis of accounting information, keeping in view the development of accounting standards and use of computers.

Against this background, the course puts emphasis on developing basic understanding about the nature and purpose of the accounting information and its use in the conduct of business operations. This would help to develop among students logical reasoning, careful analysis and considered judgement. Accounting as an information system aids in providing financial information. The emphasis at Class XI is placed on basic concepts and process of accounting leading to the preparation of accounts for a sole proprietorship firm. Computerized accounting is becoming popular with the increasing use of computers in business. Keeping this in view, the students are exposed compulsorily to the basic knowledge about computers and its use in accounting in the same year.

In class XII, Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies are to be taught as a compulsory part. Students will also be given an opportunity to understand further about Computerized Accounting System, as an optional course to Analysis of Financial Statements.

CBSE class 11 commerce Accountancy Important topics for theory

Objectives:

  • to familiarize the students with accounting as an information system;
  • to acquaint the students with basic concepts of accounting and accounting standards;
  • to develop the skills of using accounting equation in processing business transactions;
  • to develop an understanding about recording of business transactions and preparation of financial statements;
  • to enable the students with accounting for reconstitution and dissolution of partnership firms;
  • to enable the students to understand and analyse the financial statements; and
  • to familiarize students with the fundamentals of computerized system of accounting

CBSE class 11 commerce Accountancy Important topics for theory

Course Structure

Unit Topic Marks
Part A Financial Accounting – I
1. Theoretical Framework 15
2. Accounting Process 35
Part B Financial Accounting – II
3. Financial Statements of Sole Proprietorship 15
4. Financial Statements of Non-Profits 15
5. Computers in Accounting 10
Part C Project Work 10
Total Marks 100

Part A: Financial Accounting – I (50 Marks)

Unit 1: Theoretical Framework (15 Marks)

Introduction to Accounting

  • Accounting- concept, objectives, advantages and limitations, types of accounting information; users of accounting information and their needs.
  • Basic accounting terms: business transaction, account, capital, drawings, liabilities (non – current and current); assets (non-current and current) fixed assets (tangible and intangible assets), receipts (capital and revenue), expenditure (capital, revenue and deferred), expense, income, profits, gains and losses, purchases, purchases returns, sales, sales return, goods, stock, inventory, trade receivables (debtors and bills receivable), trade payables (creditors and bills payable), cost, vouchers, discount – trade and cash.

Theory Base of Accounting

  • Fundamental accounting assumptions: going concern, consistency and accrual.
  • Accounting principles: accounting entity, money measurement, accounting period, full disclosure, materiality, prudence, cost concept, matching concept and dual aspect.
  • Accounting Standards and IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards): concept and objectives
  • Double entry system of accounting.
  • Bases of accounting – cash basis and accrual basis.

Unit 2: Accounting Process (35 Marks)

Recording of Transactions

  • Accounting equation: analysis of transactions using accounting equation.
  • Rules of debit and credit: for assets, liabilities, capital, revenue and expenses.
  • Origin of transactions- source documents/ supporting vouchers (invoice, cash memo, pay in slip, cheque etc.), debit note, credit note, preparation of accounting vouchers – cash (debit and credit) and non cash (transfer).
  • Books of original entry: format and recording – Journal.
  • Cash book: simple cash book, cash book with bank columns and petty cash book.
  • Other books: purchases book, sales book, purchases returns book, sales returns book and journal proper.

Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement, Ledger and Trial Balance.

  • Bank reconciliation statement- concept, calculating bank balance at an accounting date: need and preparation. Corrected cash book balance.
  • Ledger – format, posting from journal, cash book and other special purpose books, balancing of accounts.
  • Trial balance: objectives and preparation {Scope: Trial balance with balance method only)

Depreciation, Provisions and Reserves

  • Depreciation: concept, need and factors affecting depreciation; methods of computation of depreciation: straight line method, written down value method (excluding change in method)
  • Accounting treatment of depreciation: by charging to asset account, by creating provision for depreciation/ accumulated depreciation account, treatment of disposal of asset.
  • Provisions and reserves: concept, objectives and difference between provisions and reserves; types of reserves- revenue reserve, capital reserve, general reserve and specific reserves.

Accounting for Bills of Exchange

  • Bills of exchange and promissory note: definition, features, parties, specimen and distinction.
  • Important terms : term of bill, due date, days of grace, date of maturity, discounting of bill, endorsement of bill, bill sent for collection, dishonor of bill, noting of bill , retirement and renewal of a bill.
  • Accounting treatment of bill transactions.

Rectification of Errors

  • Errors: types-errors of omission, commission, principles, and compensating; their effect on Trial Balance.
  • Detection and rectification of errors; preparation of suspense account.

Part B: Financial Accounting – II (40 Marks)

Unit 3: Financial Statements of Sole Proprietorship (15 Marks)

  • Financial Statements: objective and importance.
  • Profit and loss account: gross profit, operating profit and net profit.
  • Balance Sheet: need, grouping, marshalling of assets and liabilities.
  • Adjustments in preparation of financial statements : with respect to closing stock, outstanding expenses, prepaid expenses, accrued income, income received in advance, depreciation, bad debts, provision for doubtful debts, provision for discount on debtors, manager’s commission, abnormal loss, goods taken for personal use and goods distributed as free samples.
  • Preparation of Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet of sole proprietorship.
  • Incomplete records: use and limitations. Ascertainment of profit/loss by statement of affairs method.

Unit 4: Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organizations (15 Marks)

  • Not-for-profit organizations: concept.
  • Receipts and Payment account: features.
  • Income and Expenditure account: features. Preparation of Income and Expenditure account and Balance Sheet from the given Receipts and Payments account with additional information.

Scope:

  1. Adjustments in a question should not exceed 3 or 4 in number and restricted to subscriptions, consumption of consumables, and sale of assets/ old material.
  2. Entrance/ admission fees and general donations are to be treated as revenue receipts.
  3. Trading Account of incidental activities is not to be prepared.

Unit 5: Computers in Accounting (15 Marks)

  • Introduction to Computer and Accounting Information System {AIS}: Introduction to computers (Elements, Capabilities, Limitations of Computer system),
  • Introduction to operating software, utility software and application software. Introduction to Accounting Information System (AIS), as a part of MIS
  • Automation of Accounting Process. Meaning
  • Stages in automation (a) Accounting process in a computerised environment (Comparison between manual accounting process and Computerised accounting process.) (b) Sourcing of accounting Software (Kinds of software: readymade software; customised software and tailor-made software; Generic Considerations before sourcing accounting software)(c)Creation of Account groups and hierarchy ( d) Generation of reports -Trial balance, Profit and Loss account and Balance Sheet.

Scope:

  • The scope of the unit is to understand accounting as an information system for the generation of accounting information and preparation of accounting reports.
  • It is presumed that the working knowledge of Tally software will be given to the students for the generation of accounting software. For this, the teachers may refer Chapter 4 of Class XII NCERT textbook on Computerized Accounting System.

Part C: Project Work (Any One) (10 Marks)

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  1. Collection of source documents, preparation of vouchers, recording of transactions with the help of vouchers.
  2. Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement with the given cash book and the pass book with twenty to twenty-five transactions.
  3. Comprehensive project of any sole proprietorship business. This may state with journal enteries and their ledgering, preparation of Trial balance. Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet. Expenses, incomes and profit (loss), assets and liabilities are to be depicted using pie chart / bar diagram.

CBSE class 11 commerce Accountancy Important topics for theory

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CBSE class 11 commerce Accountancy Important topics for theory

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