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capital gains computation Mode

Capital gains computation Mode

(i) The income chargeable under the head ‘capital gains’ shall be computed by deducting the following items from the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of the capital asset:

(1) Expenditure incurred wholly and exclusively in connection with such transfer.

(2) The indexed cost of acquisition and indexed cost of any improvement thereto.

(ii) However, no deduction shall be allowed in computing the income chargeable under the head “Capital Gains” in respect of any amount paid on account of securities transaction tax under Chapter VII of the Finance (No.2) Act, 2004. Under section 48, the cost of acquisition will be increased by applying the cost inflation index(CII). Once the cost inflation index is applied to the cost of acquisition, it becomes indexed cost of acquisition. This means an amount which bears to the cost of acquisition, the same proportion as CII for the year in which the asset is transferred bears to the CII for the first year in which the asset was held by the assessee or for the year beginning on 1st April, 1981, whichever is later.

Capital gains computation Mode

Similarly, indexed cost of any improvement means an amount which bears to the cost of improvement, the same proportion as CII for the year in which the asset is transferred bears to the CII for the year in which the improvement to the asset took place. CII for any year means such index as the Central Government may, having regard to 75% of the average rise in the consumer price index for urban non-manual employees (UNME) for the immediately preceding previous year to that year by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.

Note – The benefit of indexation will not apply to the long-term capital gains arising from the transfer of bonds or debentures other than capital indexed bonds issued by the Government.

In case of depreciable assets (discussed later), there will be no indexation or the capital gains will always be short-term capital gains.

Capital gains computation Mode

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