CA Foundation Paper 2 Business Law and Business Correspondence and Reporting Syllabus

CA Foundation Paper 2 Business Law and Business Correspondence and Reporting Syllabus

CA Foundation Paper 2 Business Law and Business Correspondence and Reporting Syllabus

CA Foundation is called the entry level course for Chartered Accountancy. Basically students who have appeared in class 12th as well as who have passed class 12th  can enroll for this course. It is conducted by an examining body by law in India also by and examination recognised by the central government as equivalent.

There is a minimum time period of 4 months study period form the date of registration in order to be eligible to appear for the examination.  for example the students who have registered on or before 30th June/ 31st December will be eligible to appear in November/May Examination.

CA Foundation Paper 2 Business Law and Business Correspondence and Reporting Syllabus

Paper 2 (Part I): Mercantile Laws (60 Marks)


“To test the general comprehension of elements of Mercantile Law including Company Law”


  1. The Indian Contract Act, 1872: An overview of Sections 1 to 75 covering the general nature of contract, consideration, other essential elements of a valid contract, performance of contract and breach of contract.
  2. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930: Formation of the contract of sale, Conditions and Warranties, Transfer of ownership and delivery of goods, Unpaid seller and his rights.
  3. The Indian Partnership Act, 1932: General Nature of Partnership, Rights and duties of partners, Registration and dissolution of a firm.
  4. The Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008: Introduction- covering nature and scope, Essential features, characteristics of LLP, Incorporation and differences with other forms of organizations.
  5. The Companies Act, 2013 [section 1 to 22]: Important definitions, Introduction of company & corporate veil theory, Classes of companies, Conversion of company, Incorporation of company, Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association, Alteration of Memorandum and Articles, Doctrine of Indoor Management, Conversion of companies already registered, Promoters, Service of documents.

Here, chapters 1 to 4 carries 45 marks and chapter 5 carries 15 marks.

 Paper-2 (Part-II) General English


 Topic :  Comprehension Passages and Note Making

  • Subtopic : Comprehension Passages
  • Subtopic: Note Making


Topic:  Developing Writing Skills

  • Subtopic: Article Writing
  • Subtopic: Report Writing
  • Subtopic : Writing Formal Letters
  • Subtopic : Writing Mails
  • Subtopic : Resume Writing


Topic: Basic English Grammar

Chapter-1  Introduction to Basic Writing

Chapter-2: Nouns, Pronouns and Verbs

Chapter-3 Articles, Adjectives and Adverbs

Chapter-4 Prepositions, Conjunctions and Interjections

Chapter -5 Direct-Indirect, Active -Passive Speech

Chapter 6 :Vocabulary Root Words, Synonyms, Antonyms, Prefixes, Suffixes), Phrasal verbs, Collocations and Idioms.

CA Foundation Paper 2 Business Law and Business Correspondence and Reporting Syllabus

Old SchemeNew Scheme
CA CPTCA Foundation
200 Marks400 Marks
Fundamental of Accounting(60 Marks)ObjectivePrinciples and Practices of Accounting(100 Marks)Subjective
Mercantile Law (40 Marks)Objective Business Law (60 Marks = ICA + SOGA + PA = 45 Marks + LLP + Companies Act = 15 Marks) and (40 Marks) Business Correspondence and Reporting Subjective
General Economics (50 Marks)ObjectiveBusiness Economics (60 Marks) and Business and Commercial Knowledge (40 Marks)Objective
Quantitative Aptitude (50 Marks)ObjectiveBusiness Mathematics (40 Marks), Logical Reasoning (20 Marks) and Business Statistics (40 Marks)Objective

CA Foundation Paper 2 Business Law and Business Correspondence and Reporting Syllabus

CA Foundation New Scheme Syllabus:

Paper 1Principles and Practices of Accounting100 Marks Descriptive /Subjective Type
Paper 2Business Law & Business Correspondence and Reporting100 MarksDescriptive/Subjective Type
Section A: Business Law – 60 Marks
Section B: Business Correspondence and Reporting – 40 Marks
Paper 3Business Mathematics Logical Reasoning and Statistics100 MarksObjective Type
Paper 3 – Part I: Business Mathematics and Logical Reasoning (60 Marks)
Paper 3 – Part II: Statistics (40 Marks)
Paper 4Business Economics & Business and Commercial Knowledge100 MarksObjective Type
Paper 4 – Part I: Business Economics (60 Marks)
Paper 4 – Part II: Business and Commercial Knowledge (40 Marks)
Note :
1. Passing percentage:Aggregate- 50% and Subject-wise- 40% at one sitting.
2. Objective type question of 1 or more marks.
3. Examination: In the month of November and May after passing Class XII

PAPER –3: Business Mathematics Logical Reasoning and Statistics

(One Paper- Three hours- 100 Marks) 

OBJECTIVES: The Objective of this course is to familiarize students with basic Mathematical and Statistical tools with emphasis on applications to Business, Finance and Economic situations .Logical reasoning tests helps the students thinking power and mental applicability skills.

The whole syllabus of Business Mathematics Logical Reasoning and Statistics shall be divided into two broad areas.

  • Business Mathematics Logical reasoning (60 Marks)
  • Business Statistics (40 Marks)

Business Mathematics and Logical reasoning (60 marks)

Business Mathematics: 40 marks

  • Chapter-1(Ratio and proportion, Indices and Logarithms ) o Ratio and proportion and Time and work related problems, Laws of Indices, Exponentsand Logarithms and Anti Logarithms.
  • Chapter-2 (Equations and Matrices) o Equations: Linear Simultaneous linear equations up to three variables, Quadratic and Cubic equations in one variable. o Algebra of Matrices, Inverse of a Matrix anddeterminants, solving system of equations using matrix method (Cramer’s rule) involving not more than three variables.
  • Chapter-3 (Inequalities) o Inequalities: Linear Inequalities in one variable and the solution space
  • Chapter -4 Time value of Money (Financial Mathematics) o Time value of Money Simple Interest
  • Compound interest
  • Effective Rate of Interest
  • Present Value
  • Net Present Value
  • Future Value
  • Perpetuity
  • Annuities
  • Sinking Funds
  • Calculating of EMI Calculations of Returns:

o Nominal Rate of Return

  • Effective Rate of Return
  • Compound Annual growth rate (CAGR)
  • Chapter -5 (Sets Functions and Relations)
  • Chapter -6 (Basic applications of Differential and Integral calculus (Excluding the trigonometric applications)
  • Chapter-7 (Permutations and Combinations) o Basic concepts of Permutations and combinations: Introduction, the factorial, permutations, results, circular permutations, permutations with restrictions, Combinations with standard results.
  • Chapter-8 (Sequence and Series ) o Introduction Sequences, Series, Arithmetic and Geometric progression,

Relationship between AM and GM and Sum of n terms of special series.

Logical Reasoning: (20 marks)

  • Chapter -9
  • Number series coding and Decoding and odd man out.
  • Chapter -10
  • Blood Relations,
  • Chapter-11
    • Seating Arrangements,
    • Chapter-12
    • Direction Tests
    • Chapter-13

Business Statistics (40 marks)

  • Chapter -14 (Statistical description of Data)
  • Statistical Representation of Data, Diagrammatic representation of data, Frequency distribution, Graphical representation of Frequency Distribution – Histogram, Frequency Polygon, Ogive, Pie-chart.
  • Chapter -15 (Measures of Central tendency and Dispersion )
  • Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion: Mean Median, Mode, Mean Deviation, Quartiles and Quartile Deviation, Standard Deviation, Co-efficient of Variation, Coefficient of Quartile Deviation.
  • Chapter-16 (Correlation and Regression)

    • Correlation and Regression: Scatter diagram, Karl Pearson’s Coefficient of Correlation Rank Correlation, Regression lines, Regression equations, Regression coefficients.
    • Chapter -17 (Theoretical Distributions)
    • Theoretical Distributions: Binomial Distribution, Poisson distribution – basic application and Normal Distribution – basic applications.
  • Chapter-18 (Probability)

    • Probability: Independent and dependent events; mutually exclusive events. Total and Compound Probability; Bayes’ theorem; and Mathematical Expectation.
    • Chapter-19 (Index Numbers and Time Series)
  • Index Numbers:Uses of Index Numbers, Problems involved in construction of Index Numbers, Methods of construction of Index Numbers.
  • Time Series Analysis – basic application including Moving Average, Moving Average Method, and Method of Least Squares.
  • Chapter-20 (Sampling Theory and Testing of Hypothesis)

(a)Sampling theory: Basic Principles of Sample survey, Comparison between sample survey and enumeration, errors in Sample survey, some important terms associated with sampling, types of sampling.

(b)Testing of Hypothesis, Large sample tests (Test for means, test for proportions and test for Standard deviations) and sample tests applications of t, F-distribution (Variance ratio test) and Chi-square test.

CA Foundation Paper 2 Business Law and Business Correspondence and Reporting Syllabus

Recommended Read

CA CPT Old Scheme Vs CA Foundation New Scheme Syllabus
CA Foundation Subjects

CA Foundation Paper 2 Business Law and Business Correspondence and Reporting Syllabus

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CA Foundation Paper 2 Business Law and Business Correspondence and Reporting Syllabus

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