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BASIS FOR CONCLUSIONS ON IFRS 4 DISCLOSURE

BASIS FOR CONCLUSIONS ON IFRS 4 DISCLOSURE

BASIS FOR CONCLUSIONS ON IFRS 4 DISCLOSURE: Disclosures

The standard requires disclosure of:

  • information that helps users understand the amounts in the insurer’s financial statements that arise from insurance contracts:
    • accounting policies for insurance contracts and related assets, liabilities, income, and expense
    • the recognised assets, liabilities, income, expense, and cash flows arising from insurance contracts
    • if the insurer is a cedant, certain additional disclosures are required
    • information about the assumptions that have the greatest effect on the measurement of assets, liabilities, income, and expense including, if practicable, quantified disclosure of those assumptions
    • the effect of changes in assumptions
    • reconciliations of changes in insurance liabilities, reinsurance assets, and, if any, related deferred acquisition costs
  • Information that helps users to evaluate the nature and extent of risks arising from insurance contracts:
  • risk management objectives and policies
    • those terms and conditions of insurance contracts that have a material effect on the amount, timing, and uncertainty of the insurer’s future cash flows
    • information about insurance risk (both before and after risk mitigation by reinsurance), including information about:
      • the sensitivity to insurance risk
      • concentrations of insurance risk
      • actual claims compared with previous estimates
    • the information about credit risk, liquidity risk and market risk that IFRS 7 would require if the insurance contracts were within the scope of IFRS 7
    • information about exposures to market risk arising from embedded derivatives contained in a host insurance contract if the insurer is not required to, and does not, measure the embedded derivatives at fair value.

BASIS FOR CONCLUSIONS ON IFRS 4 DISCLOSURE

BASIS FOR CONCLUSIONS ON IFRS 4 DISCLOSURE: The objective of this IFRS is to specify the financial reporting for insurance contracts by any entity that issues such contracts (described in this IFRS as an insurer) until the Board completes the second phase of its project on insurance contracts. In particular, this IFRS requires:

  1. limited improvements to accounting by insurers for insurance contracts.
  2. disclosure that identifies and explains the amounts in an insurer’s financial statements arising from insurance contracts and helps users of those financial statements understand the amount, timing and uncertainty of future cash flows from insurance contracts.

BASIS FOR CONCLUSIONS ON IFRS 4 DISCLOSURE

An entity shall apply this IFRS to:

  1. insurance contracts (including reinsurance contracts) that it issues and reinsurance contracts that it holds.
  2. financial instruments that it issues with a discretionary participation feature (see paragraph 35). IFRS 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures requires disclosure about financial instruments, including financial instruments that contain such features.

This IFRS does not address other aspects of accounting by insurers, such as accounting for financial assets held by insurers and financial liabilities issued by insurers (see IAS 32 Financial Instruments: Presentation, IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement, IFRS 7 and IFRS 9 Financial Instruments), except in the transitional.

An entity shall not apply this IFRS to:

  1. product warranties issued directly by a manufacturer, dealer or retailer .
  2. employers’ assets and liabilities under employee benefit plans  and retirement benefit obligations reported by defined benefit retirement plans .
  3. contractual rights or contractual obligations that are contingent on the future use of, or right to use, a non-financial item , as well as a lessee’s residual value guarantee embedded in a finance lease.
  4. financial guarantee contracts unless the issuer has previously asserted explicitly that it regards such contracts as insurance contracts and has used accounting applicable to insurance contracts, in which case the issuer may elect to apply either IAS 32, IFRS 7 and IFRS 9 or this IFRS to such financial guarantee contracts. The issuer may make that election contract by contract, but the election for each contract is irrevocable.
  5. contingent consideration payable or receivable in a business combination .
  6. direct insurance contracts that the entity holds. However, a decant shall apply this IFRS to reinsurance contracts that it holds.

For ease of reference, this IFRS describes any entity that issues an insurance contract as an insurer, whether or not the issuer is regarded as an insurer for legal or supervisory purposes.

A reinsurance contract is a type of insurance contract. Accordingly, all references in this IFRS to insurance contracts also apply to reinsurance contracts.

BASIS FOR CONCLUSIONS ON IFRS 4 DISCLOSURE

Embedded derivatives

IFRS 9 requires an entity to separate some embedded derivatives from their host contract, measure them at fair value and include changes in their fair value in profit or loss. IFRS 9 applies to derivatives embedded in an insurance contract unless the embedded derivative is itself an insurance contract.

As an exception to the requirements in IFRS 9, an insurer need not separate, and measure at fair value, a policyholder’s option to surrender an insurance contract for a fixed amount (or for an amount based on a fixed amount and an interest rate), even if the exercise price differs from the carrying amount of the host insurance liability.

However, the requirements in IFRS 9 do apply to a put option or cash surrender option embedded in an insurance contract if the surrender value varies in response to the change in a financial variable (such as an equity or commodity price or index), or a non-financial variable that is not specific to a party to the contract. Furthermore, those requirements also apply if the holder’s ability to exercise a put option or cash surrender option is triggered by a change in such a variable (for example, a put option that can be exercised if a stock market index reaches a specified level).

applies equally to options to surrender a financial instrument containing a discretionary participation feature.

BASIS FOR CONCLUSIONS ON IFRS 4 DISCLOSURE

Unbundling of deposit components

Some insurance contracts contain both an insurance component and a deposit component. In some cases, an insurer is required or permitted to unbundle those components:

  1. unbundling is required if both the following conditions are met:
    1. the insurer can measure the deposit component (including any embedded surrender options) separately (ie without considering the insurance component).
    2. the insurer’s accounting policies do not otherwise require it to recognise all obligations and rights arising from the deposit component.
  2. unbundling is permitted, but not required, if the insurer can measure the deposit component separately as in (a)(i) but its accounting policies require it to recognise all obligations and rights arising from the deposit component, regardless of the basis used to measure those rights and obligations. (c) un-bundling is prohibited if an insurer cannot measure the deposit component separately as in (a)(i).

BASIS FOR CONCLUSIONS ON IFRS 4 DISCLOSURE

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