All about production budget
Budgeting is important for any organization. Preparing a master budget requires preparing financial budgets as well as an operating budget, which in turn consists of many components such as sales budget, production budget, costs of goods sold budget, etc. In this article we will learn to prepare a simple production budget, which is an important component of the operating budget. Production budget is used to prepare other components of the operating budget, including direct materials purchases budget, direct labor budget, etc.
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Production budget is expressed in terms of physical units (i.e., not costs). Production budget period often depends on the product cycle as well as the operating environment of the organization. As the result, it varies in length: quarter, year, product year, product cycle, etc. For example, during difficult economic times, it might better to shorten the production budget period due to higher uncertainty regarding product demand (i.e., sales).
Production budget incorporates not only budgeted sales data but also expected ending inventory levels. When determining the required inventory levels, it is important to consider both costs and benefits.
- meet sales demand
- prevent shortage of inventory
- distribute production
- Inventory storage costs
- Inventory obsolescence costs
|Required Production = Expected Sales + Expected Ending Inventory – Beginning Inventory|
For example, ABC Company is preparing a quarterly production budget for 20X3. The company estimates to sell 10,000, 12,000, 14,000, and 11,000 of units in each respective quarter. Also, the company wants to maintain the following ending inventory levels in each subsequent quarter, respectively: 2,000, 3,000, 4,000, and 2,500 units. At the beginning of 20X3, beginning inventory is 8,000 units.
The company would create the following production budget:
|Less: Beginning Inventory|
As the budget shows, the company will need to produce 4,000, 13,000, 15,000, and 9,500 units during each of the four quarters to meet the sales and ending inventory demands.
ICAI submits Post-Budget Memoranda-2017
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