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Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:- Established in 1976 with the main campus located between Guntur and Vijayawada on Chennai – Kolkata National Highway (N.H.5).Funded by the U.G.C., recognized by the Association of Indian Universities (A.I.U) and the Associations of the Common Wealth University (A.C.U) and accredited by NAAC in 2003 at B++ (80 – 85 points). An affiliating University with over 450 U.G., P.G. and Professional Colleges. Offers quality education at an affordable cost through a wide network of Study Centres. Pioneer in starting PG Science Courses under the distance mode.Pioneer in starting B.Sc. (M.P.C.), (B.Z.C.(M.S.Cs.), (M.P.Ele.), (M.Ele.Cs.) and B.B.M. with comming core syllabus, through distance mode.Offers LL.M. Course (4 specializations) with 2 years duration. Enrolment either through the Centre for Distance Education or through the Study Centre of Student’s choice. Admissions are made twice a year i.e., Academic Year Batch (July to June),Calender Year Batch (January to December)Examinations are held twice a year in May and December Supplementary examination and betterment facility to the CDE students. Weekend Classes / Practicals through Study Centres. Wide network of Examination Centres for the convenience of the students.

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:- B.Com

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus :- First Year

Part – I :

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Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-English

POETRY
Title of the Poem Name of the Poet

1. Ode to Autumn John Keats
2. Dover Beach Mathew Arnold
3. The Unknown Citizen W. H. Auden
4. Poem – 36 Rabindranath Tagore
5. Myriad-Winged Bird A. Satyavathi Devi
6. Telephone Conversation Wole Soyinka

PROSE
Title of the Prose Lesson Name of the Author

1. Is Progress Real? Will Durant
2. Stephen Leacock Conjuror’s Revenge
3. The Best Investment I Ever Made A. J. Cronin
4. Prospects of Democracy Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
5. I Have a Dream Martin Luther King
6. Letter to a Teacher Nora Rossi and Tom Cole

GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY

1. Reading Comprehension
2. Verb Forms
3. Right Words (Synonyms, Antonyms, Homonyms and One-Word Substitutes)
4. Idioms
5. Detection of Errors

FURTHER READING FOR FIRST YEAR

Short Stories:

1. How Far is the River Ruskin Bond
2. Little Girls are wiser than Men Leo Tolstoy

One-Act Plays

1. The Boy Comes Home A. A. Milne
2. Merchant of Venice (Casket Scene only) William Shakespeare

LANGUAGE USAGE

1. Punctuation (to be given from a one-act play)
2. Dialogue Writing (to be given from a short story)

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-Hindi

1)Syllabus applicable with effect from 2006-07 Academic Year Batch

Prose Test: Gadya Gaurav: Edited by Dr. Ajaya Kumar Patnaiak published by: Sonam Prakasham. Cuttak Non-detailed Text: Charchit Kahaniya: Edited: Dr. Ghulam M.Khan published by Shabnam Pustak Mahal, Cuttak.

Grammar Pertaining to the following Topics:

Rewriting of sentences as directed based on Case, Gender, Number, Tense, Voice Correction of sentences Usage of words into sentences

Karyalay Hindi: Administrative terminology (Prashasanik shabdavali), official designations in Hindi (padnam) Sandhi Vichehhed &Identifying the Samas

Letter Writing: Personal letters, Letters of orders, Application for Appointment, letter of complaint.

Book Recommended:

Sarala Hindi Vyakaran: Part I, II & III (Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha, Hyderabad. Samanya Hindi by Dwij Ram Yadav Sanjaya Book Centre, Varanasi)

Hindi Roop Rachana, Published by Lokbharti Prakashan, Allahabad.

Gadya Gavrav:
Omitted Lessons:

1. Lajja our glance
2. Sona Hiranee
3. Bajar Darshan
4. Apane meri Rachana Padhee
5. Maree Rumal Kho gayee
6. Jaha Akash Nahee Dikhee Deta

Selected Lessons:

Kavi our Kavitha
Earshya too Na gauee mere dilse
Bharateeya Sahitya Kee Ekhatha
Atithi
Ashunikathe our Sahitya
Neela Kanth
Nondetail book is Charchit Kahaniya

Stories Omitted:

Aadami ka Bacha
Lal pap kee begum
Sadachar ka taveej
Har

Stories Selected:

Usne Kaha tha
Puraskar
Thakur ka kuva
Roj
Chur hi da vat

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-Contemporary India: Economy,Polity and Society (foundation Course)

CHAPTER – I

Basic feature of Indian Economy-Trends in National Income – Agriculture Importance- Problems- Remedial Measures; Industry: Large Scale – Small Scale; Problems and Remedial measures; A brief Review of the Industrial Policies in India. Role of Public Section in the Context of Globalization, Growing importance of Service Sector.

CHAPTER – II

Population, poverty, unemployment and Income Inequalities – Causes and consequences – Remedies – Inflation causes and Remedies, Economic Reforms and their impact on Indian Economy – Indian Tax structure.

CHAPTER – III

Indian National movement various stages – Its legacy. Integration of Native states and Formation of modern India.

CHAPTER – IV

Basic characteristic of Indian constitution Indian Political party system, Emergence of All India Parties – Regional Parties – collation politics.

CHAPTER V

Center – State Relations – Changes and various commissions – Importance of Human Rights – Violation of Human Rights – Indian Foreign policy – non – Aligned movement – Local self Governments 73, 74 consistitutional amendments. Right to information act.

CHAPTER – VI

Salient features of Indian Social system, Social groups: Primary and Secondary, Association – Institution. Status and Role – Norms, Values and customs. Concept of Socialization – Agencies of Socialization:

CHAPTER – VII

Gender Issues : Domestic violence, Women Empowerment Entrepreneurship Programmes: a brief mention of Different on going Welfare Schemes of the central and State Government for Women, Children aged and Youth. Child Labour: causes – prevention

Part – II :

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-Financial Accounting

UNIT 1: Introduction to Accounting:

Need for Accounting – definition, features, objectives, functions, systems and bases and scope of accounting – Book keeping and Accounting- Branches of Accounting – Advantages and limitations-basic terminology used- – Accounting concepts and conventions.

Accounting Process-Accounting cycle-Accounting equation classification of accounts-rules of double entry book keeping – identification of financial transactions- Journalizing –Posting to Ledgers, Balancing of Ledger Accounts –- Computerized Accounting: Meaning and Features-Advantages and disadvantages of computerized Accounting Creating
of an Organization – Grouping of accounts – Creation of Accounts – creation of inventory-creation of stock groups-,stock categories, units of measurement stock items-entering of financial transactions-types of vouchers-voucher entry editing and deleting of vouchers-voucher numbering-customization of vouchers

UNIT 2: Subsidiary Books and Bank Reconciliation Statement

Sub Division of Journal-Preparation of Subsidiary Books including different types of cashbooks- simple cashbook, cashbook with cash and discount columns, cashbook with cash, discount and bank columns, cashbook with cash and bank columns and petty cash book. Preparation of sales register, purchase register, journal proper, debit note register, credit note register, and different cash books including interest and discount transactions
using computers.

Bank Reconciliation Statement- Need – Reasons for difference between cash book and pass book balances – problems on favorable and over draft balances – Ascertainment of correct cash book balance. Preparation of bank
reconciliation statement using computers

UNIT 3: Trial Balance, Final Accounts; Errors and Rectification.

Trial Balance: meaning, objectives, methods of preparation – Final Accounts: Meaning, features, uses and preparation of Manufacturing, Trading Account, Profit & Loss Account and Balance Sheet-Adjusting and Closing
entries. Preparation of trial balance, trading, profit and loss account, processing of year ending and closing the books, adjusting and closing entries and balance sheet using computers

Errors and their Rectification – Types of Errors – Rectification before and after preparations of final Accounts – Suspense Account Effect of Errors on Profit. Rectification of errors using computers.

UNIT 4: Consignment and Joint Ventures:

Consignment – Features, Terms used Proforma invoice – Account sale Delcredere commission -Accounting treatment in the books of the consignor and the consignee – Valuation of consignment stock – Normal and abnormal Loss – Invoice of goods at a price higher than the cost price.

Joint ventures -features-difference between joint venture and consignment, Accounting Procedure – Methods of keeping records for Joint venture accounts-method of recording in co ventures books-separate set of books method .

UNIT 5: Depreciation – Provisions and Reserves:

Meaning of Depreciation – Causes- objects of providing for depreciation – Factors affecting depreciation – Accounting Treatment- Methods of providing depreciation – Straight line method – Diminishing Balance Method. ,

provisions and Reserves – Reserve Fund – Different Types of Provisions and Reserves.

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-Business Economics

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Unit I: Introduction

Economic and Non-Economic Activities—Business-Meaning—Economics-Definitions–micro and macro economics-method of economics-positive and normative—inductive and deductive approaches—reading of graphs-concept of slope—Utility-cardinal and ordinal utility-Law of diminishing marginal utility-Law of Equi-marginal Utility.

Unit II: Demand, Supply and Market Equilibrium

Demand-meaning-individual demand—law of demand-properties of demand curve-income effect and substitution effect-exceptions to the law of demand—individual demand and Market Demand—demand function—determinants of demand and market demand—shift of demand vs. movement along a demand curve—Elasticity of demand-price elasticity-meaning and measurement-price elasticity and total revenue of a firm-income elasticity-classification of goods based on income elasticity-cross elasticity-classification of goods into substitutes and complements—Supply-law of supply determinants of supply—market equilibrium—concept of consumer surplus.

Unit III: Production and Costs

Production function—Distinction between short-run and long-run—Production with one variable input-relationship between total, marginal and average production functions-law of variable proportion—production with two variable inputs-isoquants -isocosts-techniques of maximization of output, minimization of cost and maximization of profit-scale of production economies and diseconomies of scale—Cost of production-cost function—short-run total and
average costs—long-run total and average cost.

Unit IV: Market Structure and Factors of Production

Market structure—characteristics—perfect competition-characteristics-equilibrium price—profit maximizing output in the short and long-run—Monopoly-characteristics-profit maximizing output in the short and long run-defects of monopoly—monopolistic competition-characteristics—product differentiation-profit maximizing price and output in
the short and long-run—Oligopoly-characteristics-price rigidity-the kinked demand curve——Factors of Production

Unit V: National Income, Trade Cycles and International Trade

National Income—definition-meaurement—GDP-meaning—fiscal deficit—economic systems-socialism-mixed economy system-free market economies- Concepts of Economic Liberalistion, privatization, Globalisation—WTO—objectives—agreements—functions— Trade cycles-meaning-phases-consequences-remedies—International Trade-Balance of payments.

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-Business Organization and Management

Unit :1 Fundamental Concepts:

Concepts of business, trade, industry and commerce- Business – features of business, Trade – Classification- Aids to Trade – Industry- Classification – Commerce- Relationship between trade, industry and commerce- Business Organization-Concept- – Functions of Business. Entrepreneur – Meaning-Characteristics of Entrepreneurs – Types of Entrepreneurs – Functions of an entrepreneur – Steps to start Enterprise– Sources of finance –Long Term Short Term

Unit:2 Forms of Organization, Sole Proprietorship, Partnership and Joint Hindu Family:

Business Organization – Forms of Business Organization – Classification – Factors influencing the choice of suitable form of organization. Sole Proprietorship -Meaning –Characteristics – Advantages and disadvantages –suitability. Partnership – Meaning –Characteristics –Kinds of partners- Registration of partnership – Partnership deed – Rights and obligations of partners – Joint Hindu Family Business – Characteristics – Advantages and limitations.

Unit 3: Joint Stock Company:

Joint Stock Company – Meaning – Characteristics –Advantages – Kinds of Companies – Difference between private and public companies –Promotion of A Company: Promotion – Stages-Promoters –Characteristics –Registration –Capital subscription – Commencement of Business – Preparation of Important documents – Memorandum of Association Significance – Clauses – – Articles of Association – Contents –– Prospectus – Contents – Statement in lieu of Prospectus.

Unit: 4: Management, Planning and Decision Making

Management- Meaning – Significance- Management Vs Administration – Functions of management – Levels of Management – Skills of management –Leadership-Leader Vs Manager-Traits of successful Leaders- Scientific Management – features- Fayol’s Principles of Management .

Planning – Meaning – Significance –Types of Plans – Decision making – Steps in Process Decision making process

Unit 5: Organizing

Organizing – meaning – Organization – Features – the process of organization – principles of organization- Elements of organizations –organization chart Delegation of authority – meaning – Elements – Principles – Types -Difficulties in delegation – Guidelines for making delegation effective Centralization – Decentralization –Meaning – Differences between delegating and decentralization

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-FUNDAMENTALS OF INFORMATION TECHONOLOGY

Unit – I : Introduction to computers:

Definition, Characteristics and limitations of computers – Elements of Computers – Hardware – CPU – Primary and Secondary memory – Input and Output devices. IT enabled services – BPO, KPO, Call centers. Modern communications: (Concepts only)- communications – FAX, Voice mail, and information services – E Mail – Creation of email id – group communication – Tele conferencing – Video conferencing – File exchange – Bandwidth – Modem – Network Topologies – Network types LAN, MAN, WAN and their architecture – Dial up access

Unit – II : Operating System and Windows:

Operating Systems: Meaning, Definition, Functions and Types of Operating Systems – Booting process – Disk Operating System: Internal and External Commands – Wild Card Characters – Computer Virus, Cryptology. Windows operating system – Desktop, Start menu, Control panel, Windows accessories .

Unit – III : MS Office I :

MS Word : Word Processing : Meaning and features of word processing – Advantages and applications of word processing – Parts of MS Word application window – Toolbars – Creating, Saving and closing a document – Opening and editing a document – Moving and copying text – Text and paragraph formatting, applying Bullets and Numbering – Find and Replace – Insertion of Objects, Date and Time, Headers, Footers and Page Breaks – Auto Correct – Spelling and Grammar checking – Graphics, Templates and wizards – Mail Merge : Meaning, purpose and advantages – creating merged letters, mailing labels, envelops and catalogs- Working with Tables – Format Painter.

MS EXCEL : Features of MS Excel – Spread sheet / worksheet, workbook, cell, cell pointer, cell address etc., – Parts of MS Excel window – Saving, Opening and Closing workbook – Insertion and deletion of worksheet – Entering and Editing data in worksheet – cell range – Formatting – Auto Fill –Formulas and its advantages – References : Relative, absolute and mixed – Functions: Meaning and Advantages of functions, different types of functions available in Excel – Templates –Charts – Graphs – Macros : Meaning and Advantages of macros, creation, editing and deletion of macros – Data Sorting, Filtering, validation, Consolidation, Grouping, Pivot Table and Pivot Chart Reports.

Unit – IV : MS Office II :

MS Access – Data, Information, Database, File, Record, Fields- Features, advantages and limitations of MS Access – Application of MS Access – parts of MS Access window – Tables, Forms, Queries and Reports – Data validity checks – ( Theory with simpleproblems)

MS PowerPoint: Features, advantages and application of Ms Power point – Parts of MS Power point window – Menus and Tool bars – Creating presentations through Auto content wizard, Templates and manually – slide show – saving, opening and closing a Presentation – Inserting, editing and deleting slides –Types of slides – Slide Views-Formatting –Insertion of Objects and Charts in slides- Custom Animation and Transition. Multimedia : Meaning, purpose, Usage and application – Images, Graphics, sounds and music – Video presentation devices – Multimedia on web.

Unit- V : Internet & E commerce

Services available on internet – WWW – ISP. E commerce : Meaning ,advantages and limitations, applications of E commerce – trading stocks online, ordering products / journals / books etc., online, travel and tourism services,
employment placement and job market, internet banking, auctions, online publishing, advertising-Online payment system..(including practicals)

Lab Work:

MS DOS
MS WINDOWS
MS WORD
MS EXCEL
MS ACCESS
MS POWER POINT
INTERNET AND E COMMERCE PRACTICALS

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus :- Second Year

Part – I  :

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Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-English Language

POETRY
Title of the Poem Name of the Poet

1. The Sunne Rising John Donne
2. The Solitary Reaper William Wordsworth
3. Road Not Taken Robert Frost
4. Refugee Mother and Child Chinua Achebe
5. Good Bye Party for Mrs. Pushpa T. S. Nissim Ezekiel
6. I will embrace only the sun Tripuraneni Srinivas (Down to Earth, Post­Modern Telugu Poetry, OUP )

PROSE
Title of the Prose Lesson Name of the Author

1. Mr. Know­All Somerset Maugham
2. Film­Making Satyajit Ray
3. Not Just Oranges Premchand
4. Talk on Advertising Herman Wouk
5. On Shaking Hands A. G. Gardiner
6. Decolonizing the Mind Ngugi wa Thiong’o

COMMUNICATION AND COMPOSITION

1. Resume Writing
2. e­Correspondence
3. Note­Making
4. Report Writing
5. Expansion of Proverbs and Ideas
6. Description of Pictures

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-HINDI

A. Poetry Text – Kavya Deep

Editor : Sri B. Radha Krishna Murthy Maruthi Publications, Guntur

B.  History of Hindi Literature  :

Main tendencies  of all  the four ages  with special references to the following authors and poets :­

(1) Chand Vardai
(2) Kabir das
(3) Surda
(4) Tulasidas
(5) Mirabai
(6) Raheem
(7) Biharilal
(8) Bharatendu Harishchandra
(9) Mahaveer Prasad Dwivedi
(10) Maithilisharan Gupt
(11) Premchand
(12) Jayashankar Prasad
(13) Pant
(14) Nirala
(15) Maha Devi Verma
(16) Agyeya
(17) Dinkar. 

C.  General Essay

(1) Sahitya Aur Samaj
(2) Vidyarthi Aur Rajniti
(3) Vidyarthi Aur Anushasan
(4) Aaj Ki Shiksha Niti
(5) Vigyan : Abhishap Ya Vardan
(6) Nari Shiksha
(7) Samaj Main Nari Ka Sthan
(8) Adhunik Shiksha Aur Nari
(9) Bharat Main Berojgari Ki Samasya
(10) Bharat par Bhoomandalikaran Ka Prabhav
(11) H.I.V./Aids
(12) Paryavaran Aur Pradooshan
(13) Bharat Main Badhati Hui Janasankhya Ki Samasya.
D. Translation from English or Telugu to Hindi
E. Prayojan moolak Hindi :
(1) Prayojanmoolak Hindi : Arth Evam Swaroop
(2) Raj Bhasha, Rastra Bhasha aur Sampark Bhasha.

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-Environmental Studies 

COURSE METERIAL

This course material is designed to introduce students to the way non ­engineering students analyse problems of managing the environment and natural resources. It is not meant to make students experts in Environmental studies, but should give a distinctive economic perspective on how to analyse environmental issues and to appreciate some of the economic arguments that can be used in these. The  lectures look at  environmental problems that  are of current concern, and develop the economic principles needed to analysis them. The main objective of the lectures is to introduce students to various aspects of the  environmental problems, viz.,  natural resource  degradation,  depletion of oil reserves  environmental pollution,  the  over­ exploitation of forests,  global warming; conservation of resources,  environmental acts, impacts of human population, etc. Environmental Systems and Society minor is designed for students who wish to augment their major program of study with courses  addressing the relationships between environmental science and associated social and political issues. This will enable the student to impart a deeper understanding of environmental systems related to air, land,  and water resources  and provide  a  basis for sound professional decision making.  Through this, the student can develop the following skills 

►Specific knowledge and skills associated with the topics covered;
►Written and oral communication; and
►Capacity to evaluate critically the roles of various stakeholders in managing
environmental goods.
Environmental Systems and Society
Each course consists of units and each unit consists of modules. The student is expected to:
►Review course material and follow up reference on each topic;
►Work through course material and other notes regularly to check the  understanding of the concepts and methods discussed; and
►Write the examination, which should draw on course material, and the  references provided but also on a range of sources related to environment.

Module 1: Environmental Studies – Introduction
Module 2: Basic Principles of ecosystem functioning
Module 3: Environment and Natural Resources
►Forest Resources
►Water Resources
►Food resources
►Energy resources
►Land resources 

Module 4: Biodiversity and its Conservation
Module 5: Environmental Pollution
Module 6: Environmental Economics
Module 7: Environmental Pollution
Module 8: Regional and sectoral Issues
Module 9: Environment and Development
Module 10: Environmental Problems in India
Module 11: Human Population and the Environment
Module 12: Social Issues and the Environment
Module 13: Sustainable Resource Management
Module 14: Design of Environmental Policy
Module 15:  Institutions and Governance
Module 16: Environment and Sustainable Development
Module 17: Field Work 

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-Office Automation Tools

Unit­ 1: MS EXCEL BASICS 

Excel basics
Rearranging worksheets
Excel formatting tips and techniques
Organizing  large projects
An  introduction to  functions

Unit­ 2: EXCEL CHARTS, GRAPHICS AND FUNCTIONS

Excel’s chart features
Working with graphics in Excel
Introduction to Excel’s command macros
Using worksheets as  databases
Automating what­if projects
Auditing and  trouble shooting worksheets

Unit­ 3: MS ACCESS BASICS 

Introduction to Access
Creating a  simple database and  tables
Entering and  editing data
Finding, sorting  and displaying  data

Unit­4: ACCESS REPORTS, FORMS AND GRAPHICS 

Printing reports, forms, letters and labels
Relational  databases
Expressions, macros and other automation
Graphics in databases
Linking, importing and exporting records

Unit­5: FUNDAMENTALS OF INTERNET 

The Internet  and the  World Wide Web
E­mail and other Internet Services
Connecting  to the Internet
Doing business in the online world

ADVANCED ACCOUNTING 

UNIT–I : Accounts  from  Incomplete  Records Hire  purchase  and installment purchase system.
UNIT­II    :  Branch and Departmental Accounts
UNIT­I II  :  Accounting of Non­Profit Organizations
UNIT  IV  :  Partnership Accounts
UNIT­V  :  Company Accounts

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-BUSINESS STATISTICS 

UNIT 1: Introduction to Statistics: 

Meaning, definition,  importance and limitations  of statistics.  Collection of data­ Primary  and  Secondary  data  –(Sampling­  Random­ Non  Random ­Census)­  Schedule  and  questionnaire  – Frequency  distribution  –Tabulation Diagrammatic  and  graphic  presentation  of  data  using Computers (Excel) 

UNIT 2: Measures of Central Tendency : 

Defination  Objectives  and  Characteristics  of  measures  of  Central  Tendency Types  of Averages – Arithmetic  Mean,  Geometric  Mean,  Harmonic  Mean,  Median,  Mode,  Deciles, Percentiles,  Properties  of  averages  and  their  applications.  Calculation  of  averages  using computers.

UNIT 3:Measures of dispersion and Skewness: 

Meaning,  definitions,  Properties  of  dispersion ­Range ­Quartile  Deviation  –Mean  Deviation­ Standard  Deviation­  Coefficient  of  Variation­ Skewness  definition ­Karl  Pearson’s  and Bowley’s    Measures  of  skewness ­Normal  Distribution  Calculation  of  Dispersion  and skewness using Computers. 

UNIT 4:Measures of Relation: 

Meaning,  definition  and  use  of  correlation  –  Types  of  correlation ­Karlpearson’s  correlation coefficient –  Spearman’s Rank correlation­probable  error­ Calcuation of  Correlation by  Using Computers. 

Meaning  and utility of Regression analysis comparison  between correlation and Regression – Regression  Equations­ Interpretation  of  Regression  Co­efficient.  Calcuation  of  Regression  b y Using Computers.

UNIT 5:Analysis of Time Series & Index Numbers:

Meaning  and  utility  of  time  series  Analysis­  Components  of  Time  series­  Measurement  of trend and Seasonal  Variations  –  Utility of  Decomposition of Time Series ­Decentralization of Data­ Calculation of trend and seasonal  variations using computers. 

Meaning,  Definition  and  Importance  of  Index  Numbers­ Methods  of  Construction  of  Index Numbers  –  Price  Index  Numbers  –  Quantity  Index  Numbers  –Tests  of  Adequacy  of  Index Numbers – Deflating Index Numbers – Cost of Index Numbers­ Limitation of Index Numbers.
Calculation of index numbers using computers. 

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:-Financial Services ­ Banking & Insurance 

Unit I  :  Introduction to Financial Services 

a.  Meaning  of  Financial  Services,  Structure  of  Indian  Financial  System  Importance  of Financial system for the economic development. (Financial and Banking system charts) 

b.  Definition  of  Bank,  Functions  of    Commercial  Banks  and  Reserve  Bank  of  India.(Forms of various accounts and deposits) 

c.  Definition/  Meaning  of  Insurance  and  reinsurance,  Principles  of  Insurance,  kinds  of Insurance,  advantages  of  insurance,  globalization  of  insurance  and  insurance  sector reforms in India. 

Unit II : Banking Systems and its Regulation 

a.  Banking  Systems  –  Branch  banking,  Unit  Banking,  Correspondent  banking,  Group banking,  Deposit  banking,  Mixed  banking  and  Investment  banking.  An overview  of banking;  Banking  Sector  Reforms  with  special  reference  to  Prudential  Norms:  capital adequacy  norms,  income  recognition  norms,  classification    of  assets  and  NPAs; Innovations  in Banking­ ATMs, E-­Banking,  Credit cards, Online  & Offshore Banking, etc (working and operations) Regional  Rural  banks,  Cooperative  banks,  Micro  Finance,  Priority  Sector  Lending,
Indigenous  banking,  Role  of  NABARD,    Development  Financial  institutions  – SFC,SIDBI. 

Unit III:   Banker and customer, loans and advances: 

a.  Banker  and  customer  definition  and  their  relationship,  types  of  customers  and  modes  of operations,  procedure  and  precaution  for  opening  an  account,  pass  book  &  its  features, Rights,  duties  and  obligations  of  the  banker.(Application  forms  for  opening  accounts, Cheque  Books,  pass  books,requisition  slips  for  withdrawals  and  deposits,  bank statements,etc) 

b.  Promissory  Note  and  Bills  of  Exchange  and  Cheque,  differences  between  them,  types of crossing    the  cheque,  payment  of  cheque  and  consequences  of  wrongful  dishonor, collect ion  of  local  and  upcountry  cheques,  responsibilities  and  liabilities  of  collecting
banker  and  statutory  protection  to  the  collecting  banker.(Promissory  notes,  B/E,  Crossed cheques ­various modes)

c.  Types of loans and advances, principles of sound lending policies, credit appraisals  of  various forms of loans and advances modes of creating charges­  lien, pledge  ,mortgage  and  hypothecation  (Documents  required  for  sanction  of  loans  and advances)

Unit IV.  Financial Markets & Services: 

a  Indian Money Market Characteristics, Structure, composition (call and notice money, market, treasury bills market, CDs, CPs, short term bill market, MMMFs and DFHI) problems and reforms in Indian money markets (CDs,CPs,Treasury Bills) 

b. Indian capital market ­composition and growth of primary and secondary markets, differences between primary and secondary markets, capital market
reforms and NBFCs in capital markets;  Stock Exchanges, NSE, OTCEI,
Online Trading and role of SEBI. 

c.  Financial intermediaries and services : Merchant bankers, Mutual funds, Leasing  companies,  Venture  Capital  Funds,  Forfaiting,  Loan  Syndication,  Factoring, Custodial Services, Depository Services, and Depository Participants.(Documentation)

Unit V : Types of Insurance and its regulation 

a.  Life Insurance Practical aspects of Life Insurance, procedure for issuing a life insurance policy, issue of duplicate policies, nomination, surrender value, policy loans, assignment, revivals and claim settlement.(Formats of types of Insurance) 

b.NonLife InsuranceTypes of products and scope of Fire Insurance, Marine Insurance, Health Insurance, Social Insurance and Rural Insurance. Regulation of Insurance in India­ Insurance Act,1938 and IRDA 1999.(Formats of t ypes of Non Life Insurance) 

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus:- Third Year

Advanced Management Accounting
Business Laws
Business Correspondence and Report Writing
Cost and Management Accounting
Income Tax and Practical Auditing

Acharya Nagarjuna Open University Bcom syllabus

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